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Brazil

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by

Leslie Ford

on 23 May 2014

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Transcript of Brazil

Colonial Period
Brazil
History of Brazil
Traditions
There are many traditions in the Brazilian culture that range from religious to common courtesies.
One Story View
Our one story view of Brazil consists of the movie Rio, Carnival, the Amazon River and the jungle, tribes and poverty, Catholicism, hot weather, a huge gap between the rich and the poor and soccer, lots of soccer.
By: Leslie Ford, Charlotte Burch, Lizzy Crigler, Grant Beck and Zach Loweth
Carnival
The most famous tradition in Brazil is Carnival. Carnival is derived from the word carnelevare, which translates to “removal of meat”. Carnivals are celebrated in many countries but the one in Brazil is most famous. Different cities of Brazil have their own way of celebrating this week long festival of fun. Often wearing masks and colorful costumes, they dance to the beats of drums and music, Samba being the most prevalent form of dancing here.
Arts
In Brazil, music is one of the most important art demonstrations of culture. This music's origins can be seen in the dances of Brazil.
Brazilian dance has multiple origins and receives influences from other countries. Dances are different in each region of the country; some of the most known are: samba, maxixe, baião and gafieira.
Brazil has always had spectacular writers of the most varied styles. Their works have been translated into several languages. Paulo Coelho, for example, today among the most popular in the world, with over 100 million books sold worldwide.
Religion
Religion is a large part of daily life and the culture of Brazil
74% of Brazil's population is Roman Catholic. It has been it's major religion since the 16th century.
Indigenous people of Brazil participate in "spiritual" religion that comes from their heritage from other places such as Siberia, Polynesia, and parts of Africa.
Independence Day
The Independence of Brazil consists of a series of events between 1821-1824. Brazilians are very proud of their culture and their background so when September 7th comes around there is a big celebration. The best way to describe the celebration is a mini Carnival, full of fun, cheer, and dancing.
Religious Holidays
Politics
Brazil has a Democratic government much like the United States
The current President of Brazil is Dilma Rousseff
Bossa Nova Music
Carnival Celebration
Mythology
Food
The Government
Legislative
Judicial
Executive
The Constitution was signed in 1988
Corpus Christi- movable date
Our Lady of Aparecida- October 12th
All Saint's Day- November 2nd
Christmas- December 25th
Originally Brazilian food was created by the natives a long time ago
The traditional food of Brazil is a combination of many different cultural inheritances that have mixed and created a very interesting and unique cuisine
When Portugal colonized Brazil, they mixed their foods with the traditional brazilian dishes
The food of Brazil uses a lot of fish, meat, tropical fruits, rice, beans, and manioc
Acarajé
Made with black-eyed peas that are rolled into balls and then deep fried in Palm Oil. It is then typically stuffed with shrimp, peanuts and some other ingredients depending on the region. It is typically found in the north of Brazil, especially in the city of Salvador.
Churrasco
many different meanings throughout South America, but in Brazil it simply refers to a barbeque, which is almost comprised of large chunks of meat cooked on skewers. When in Brazil you may want to visit a churrasqueira, a restaurant that has all-you-can-eat barbequed meat, sometimes served impaled on swords.
Coxinha
common snack in Brazil which is minced chicken shaped like a drumstick and deep fried in batter until golden brown. (Watch out! Sometimes there is a toothpick placed inside to represent where the bone should be)
Considered the national dish of Brazil, this is a thick stew of black beans with pieces of beef and pork added to it. It is traditionally prepared in a clay pot. Feijão is Portuguese for Beans.

Feijoada
Moqueca
a seafood stew made without adding any water. Different fish and shellfish are thrown together with a mixture onions, tomatoes,some garlic and Coriander). The recipe varies greatly depending upon location but in general, the option for liquid include palm oil and coconut milk or olive and soy oil. It simmers for hours in a traditional clay pot and becomes a viscous liquid, sometimes so that your spoon will stand up right
Pamonha
This is a corn and milk paste wrapped in a corn husk and boiled. In some areas of Brazil you can find it prepared with coconut milk. It is similar to humitas in Chile.
Pão de Queijo
These bread rolls are found throughout the country and are prepared in the home and also served at restaurants. If you don't have time to make your own you can also find them in the supermarket freezer section. It is a simple roll with cheese and accompanies most meals, especially breakfast.
After our research we see that Brazil is more than the 5th largest country filled with poverty and tourism. It's a thriving culture filled with tradition, heritage, unified beliefs.
The Empire
The Colonial period ended with the french invasion Portugal
King João VI and his son Pedro fled to Brazil.
King João VI established the colony as the capital of his empire.
In 182 King João returned to Lisbon, and left his son Dom Pedro I in charge of Brazil.
When the king attempted to return Brazil to a colony, Dom Pedro declared the country's independence from Portugal.
The Republic
In the 19th century coffee took the place of sugar as Brazil's most important product.
In 1889, the wealthy coffee magnates backed a military coup, the emperor fled, and Brazil was no more an imperial country.
For the next half century Brazil struggled with governmental instability, military coups, and a fragile economy.
In 1989, the country enjoyed its first democratic election in almost three decades.
Final View
Weird Stuff
They have "priority seating for obese people" on their subways
Brazilian school kids are learning english by correcting grammar on celebrity tweets
In North Brazil it is common to eat dead ants
Walking on fire to test faith is common on Sao Joao's day
Yanomamo people eat the ashes of dead family members
They call mothers "maids"
Brazilian residents that are literate and between the ages of 18 and 69 years old can vote. Anyone 16 or 17 or over 69, or illiterate can choose to vote, but are not obligated to.
There are 27 states with various representatives for each
Political Parties
Party of Brazilian Social Democracy (PSDB)
Liberal Front Party (PFL)
Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement (PMDB)
PMDB have held power the longest
President's hold a 4 year term and are elected by ballot vote
Colonial Period began with the discovery of Brazil in the 1500s
First colonized by the Portuguese they were lead by Pedro Cabra.
Portuguese were more interested in profitable trade and subsistence agriculture than in territorial expansion.
Most Brazilians possess a combination of European, African, Amerindian, Asian, and Middle Eastern lineage because the colonist often intermarried with the native and slave populations.
The Colonial period lasted from its discovery in the 1500s to 1822
Historic Periods
The history of Brazil can be divided into three main periods
The Colonial period
1500s-1822
The Empire
First Empire (1822-1831)
Second Empire (1831-1889)
The Republic
Old Republic (1889-1930)
Transitional Republic (1930-1945)
1946 Republic (1945-1964)
Military Republic (1964-1985)
New Republic (1985-Present)
Alemoa — the ghost of a blond (German-like) woman that is connected to the island of Fernando de Noronha. She is said to seduce imprudent men and carrying them to death.
Anhanguera —Equivalent of the Devil
Iemanjá — the Afro-Brazilian sea goddess
Boitatá — a headless giant snake with bull horns and enormous fiery eyes that crawls over the open fields at night, ooking at its eyes blinds people
Conquest of Brazil
Bibliography
Flag of Empire of Brazil (1870-1889)
"Brazil - History." Brazil - History. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
"Brazil - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette." The Translation Agency For A Complete Professional Translation Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.
"Brazil Food History and Facts." Brazil Food History and Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
"Brazilian Mythology." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Mar. 2014. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Brazil's Religion Graph 1." Ljhsamoore /. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Cultural Traditions & Festivals in Brazil." Travel Tips. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Culture and Traditions." In Brazil. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Geography." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Strange Brazilian Traditions - Curiosities with Marco Antonio." Curiosities with Marco Antonio. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Timeline of Brazilian History." Timeline of Brazilian History. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
"Typical Brazilian Food." Brazil Food Typical Brazilian Meals, Desserts, Menu, Fruit, Photos South America. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
Current Flag of Brazil
(November 19, 1889-Today)
Additional Dates
Background Information
One of the largest and most influential countries on earth, Brazil is a very diverse and Beautiful place
Geography
5th
largest country in the world (3,285,618 mi^2)
5th
largest in population (202,656,788 people)
The second longest river in the world, The Amazon River
Brazil is one of the most bio diverse places in the world
(home to more than 1,000 bird species, 3,000 fish species)

Map of Brazil
The People
Brazil has 13 cities with over one million residents.
Brazil's literacy rate is 86.4% which is the lowest of all South American countries. It falls just behind Bolivia and Peru at 87.2% and 87.7%, respectively.
Brazil is a diverse country with ethnic groups including: 54% European, 39% mixed European-African, 6% Africa, 1% other.
Full transcript