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Applied Behavioral Analysis
Transcript of Applied Behavioral Analysis
Analysis (1968) 1001 Old-Fashioned
circa 1952 Applied Behavioral Analysis by George Czar & Georgina Diaz Electroshock Therapy Johnny's Boogie Eating Tally Before Intervention: Intervention Hypothesis: 1. We give Johnny a score card to wipe his boogies on.
2. Five "points" fills the card. When card is "discarded" in the trashcan, a non-edible reward is given.
3. Over time, the card is replaced with a tissue.
4. Incrementally, he is brought to blow his nose and discard the boogies properly. How to make Johnny stop eating his boogies... Apps! Is it tasty? If yes, can I make it taste bad, somehow? If no, why else
might he be
eating his boogies? Think about it... Is he just
hungry? Can I feed him an alternative
Salty, Crunchy Snack? There's gotta be
an App for that, right? Exorcism Shame Applied Behavioral Analysis Torture Technological – Procedures must be precisely described and carried out.
Includes stimuli, contingencies, and schedules of reinforcement.
Conceptual Systems – Relevant to principles which are shared across behaviors, making systematic expansion possible.
Must be Effective and have Generality.
Change is practical, sustained over time and across domains.
(Baer, Wolf, & Risley, 1968) Other Criteria Applied – More than theoretical, important for real life application.
Behavioral – Must be observable, generally physical events, which are measurable.
Analytic – Must believably and reliably change the behavior in question. Researcher can reproduce result.
(Baer, Wolf, & Risley, 1968) Applied Behavioral Analysis
(ABA) Specific Program Goals: Examples of ABA
Programs: Targeted Instructional & Behavioral Strategies Research Socially Acceptable Behavior Socially Un acceptable Behavior Structured Teaching (TEACCH)
Picture Exchange Communication Systems (PECS)
Pivotal Response Training (PRT)
Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
Positive Behavior Supports
Verbal Behavior Analysis (VBA) *Examples from www.handsinautism.org/pdf/whatisABA.pdf Age Early Intervention is Key Identify target behavior
Collect and graph data
Formulate experimental design (or use existing evidence-based program)
Arrange antecedents and consequences
Generalize behavior change Started with the behaviorism of Skinner, Pavlov, and others
Ole Lovaas - "grandfather of ABA" Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis established a means for publication of ABA research in 1968 Example of ABA Research and Autism: Considerable empirical support for use with Autism
Impact can be profound for some
Full understanding of ABA is essential
Early intervention is key (Leblanc, Richardson & McIntosh, 2005) Interview with a Special Education Teacher Training & Professional Development: Nationally Certified School Psychologist credential from the National Association of School Psychologists.
Includes 1200 hours of internship experience under someone who is ABA certified.
Must pass the National School Psychology Examination.
Doctoral Degree often needed, Master’s Degree is generally acceptable. Monday
Friday Johnny's Boogie Eating Tally After Intervention: Monday
Friday Grandma's ABA
Success: It's Finger-lickin' good. Questions (Alberto & Troutman, 1999)