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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

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by

Hannah Ragel

on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
What is PTSD?
a psychological disorder triggered by experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event
Causes of PTSD
Symptoms
there are 3 different sets of symptoms
the first set of symptoms is reacting to being reminded of the trauma while trying to do another task
the second set of symptoms is avoiding anything or anyone that is a reminder of the trauma, feeling numb
the third set of symptoms is always being on guard or easily being startled

What is affected?
witnessing or experiencing a traumatic or life-threatening event
such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or physical or sexual assault, death of a family member


the limbic system, the instinctual part of the brain, is located in the cerebrum and is made of the amygdala, the hippocampus, and the hypothalamus
all of the 3 are involved in expressions and emotions, mostly involved in survival
amygdala responds to traumatic stress
these responses are higher or different with those who are going through PTSD
Diagnosis/Treatment
a person must have all of the following symptoms for at least 1 month:
At least one re-experiencing symptom
At least three avoidance symptoms
At least two hyperarousal symptoms
Symptoms that make it hard to go about daily life, go to school or work, be with friends, and take care of important tasks

family therapy, or trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy
medication for depression and anxiety
EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)
Famous people with PTSD
Whoopi Goldberg
Barbra Streisand
Ice-T
Work Cited
http://fightingptsd.org/2012/05/19/physiological-changes-in-ptsd/
http://www.ptsd.ne.gov/what-is-ptsd.html
https://www.myptsd.com/c/threads/autonomic-nervous-system-ans-with-ptsd.13839/
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/post-traumatic-stress-disorder/basics/symptoms/con-20022540
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/index.shtml
http://www.helpguide.org/articles/ptsd-trauma/post-traumatic-stress-disorder.htm
Full transcript