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Paul Lee

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Japan

Double click to crop it if necessary San Francisco Budapest (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr Stockholm (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Japan made a treaty with Korea 1850 First Sino-Japanese War September 1894 The Japanese occupation of the Philippines was between 1942 and 1945. The invasion of the Philippines started on December 8, 1941, ten hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Early June 1894 The 76,000 starving and sick American and Filipino defenders on Bataan surrendered on April 9, 1942, and were forced to endure the infamous Bataan Death March on which 7-10,000 died or were murdered. The 13,000 survivors on Corregidor surrendered on May 6. Japan occupied the
Philippines for over three years, South Korean rebellion ends. Middle June 1894 July 1894 Japanese take over South Korea government and gives authority over Chinese army Japanese pushed back Chinese army from Seoul to Pyongyang. There Chinese reinforcements were acquired. Korean Rebel Armies invade Seoul; South Korean government seeks help from China.
Japan is ordered to help under conditions of Convention of Tientsin Japanese navy takes control of seas near Asia. Chinese abandon North Korea
and Japanese pushes
forward claiming
Manchuria and China October 1894 May 1895 After 1931,the anti-imperialist construction of the Japanese empire in Manchuria was forced to continue its development among an exiled diaspora community mainly located in Beijing and Shanghai. Japanese Imperialism Different Philippine regions of colonization All of Japan's regions of imperialism Japanese forces
invade and claim Taiwan Results of the Sino-Japanese war. 1902 Great Britain forms an Alliance
with Japan. Taiwanese flag. Alliance between Britain and Japan South Korean flag, Chinese flag, and Japanese flag respectively. Japanese navy. Chinese movement from South Korea
to North Korea Summary With power that Japan gained after the modernization, Japan started to invade China for land expansion. As a country geographically between two powerful countries in Asia, China and Japan, Korea was threatened by the violent interactions of the two countries. Japan asked Korea’s permission to trespass Korea to attack China and offered to protect Korea from invasions from other western countries and help Korea to modernize. Korea agreed with the “Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907” as Japan seemed powerful and reliable. After Japan got Korea to sign “Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907”, Japan ignored the consensus and took over Korea in 1910, ending the Joseon Dynasty. Japan controlled Korea as a colony, causing downfall of Korea. “Korea became a source of Japan's raw materials and a market for its products, but Koreans were barred from taking part in commerce.” Korea’s economic plummeted because Many Korean workers lost their jobs to Japanese immigrants and Koreans lost their land. Japan’s emergence brought changes to Korea’s culture and tradition as well. Japan government assigned Japanese as the official language. Many artifacts and heritage of Korean History such as eul bi sa byun was ruined and burned down. Also, Japan ended Korea’s king family tree by killing the last Korean king. Koreans tried to gain independence from this unjust enslavement, but, people who considered to be rebellious were tortured and put to death. Korea Manchuria Japanese control during the time period Philippines "General, it will be a long time before major reinforcements can go to the Philippines,
longer than the garrison can hold out with any dirblet assistance, if the enemy commits major forces to their reduction. Our base must be in Australia, and we must start at once to expand it and to secure our communications to it." September 1931 Japan launched an attack on Manchuria. Shortly after their initial attack, the Japanese had gained strongholds in southern Manchuria. Japan could easily annex Manchuria since Manchuria has previously lost its power under Russia's occupation. Japan took an advantage of its abundant resources such as coal and iron ores for Japan's industry. Big portions of forests were destroyed for wood and fuel. Japaneses immigrated to Manchuria for new opportunities. Also, Manchuria's railroads, built under Russia's power, were great utilities for Japan for transportation. Even though Manchuria was a fantastic colony for Japan, Mancunians lost their freedom and lives. Men were used as slave laborer and women were forced to work as prostitutes. Manchuria's economy faced a downfall and Manchuria's cultures and traditions were ruined. -Chief of Staff Marshall Japanese used their powerful navy to take over the Philippines "The Governments of Japan and Korea, with a view to the early attainment of prosperity and strength in Korea and the speedy promotion of the welfare of the Korean people, have agreed upon and concluded the follow stipulations:
Article I. The Government of Korea shall follow the directions of the Resident General in connection with the reform of administration.
Article II. Korea shall not enact any law or ordinance or carry out any administrative measure unless it has previous approval of the Resident General.
Article III. The judicial affairs of Korea shall be kept distinct from ordinary administrative affairs.
Article IV. No appointment or dismissal of Korean officials of high grade shall be made without the consent of the Resident General.
Article V. Korea shall appoint to official positions such Japanese as are recommended by the Resident General.
Article VI. Korea shall not engage any foreigner without the consent of the Resident general.
Article VII. The first clause of the agreement between Japan and Korea, dated Aug. 22, 1904, is hereby abrogated."[2]
Lord Itō Hirobumi [Marquess], Resident-General, July 24th, 40th year of the Meiji era [1907] (seal)
Sir Lee Wan-Yong, Prime Minister, July 24th, 11th year of the Gwangmu era [1907] (seal) Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907 "We have nothing

Neither sword nor pistol,

But we do not fear.

Even with an iron rod

They cannot prevail.

We shoulder righteousness

And walk the path without fear.

We have nothing to call our own.

Neither dagger nor [gun] powder

But we do not fear.

Even with the power of the crown

They cannot prevail.

Righteousness is the spade.

With which we maintain the path.

We have nothing to hold in our hands,

Neither stone nor club,

But we do not fear,

Even with the all the wealth of the world,

They cannot prevail.

Righteousness is the sword

With which we watch over the path." Japan's brute strength forced weaker countries (Korea) ability to take over lands. Japan's imperial army invades the Philippines. History and story behind the overtaking of Philippines. - Ch’oe Nam-son British forces test the Japanese military. Collection of photographs of the sufferings of Korean people during the 19th century. Korean woman's mistreatment. Brief history of the Japanese imperialism over Korea "For the simple reason that Japanese armed forces have seized and are exercising de-facto control in South Manchuria". Maps Japan occupied Korea, Manchuria, Philippines, Taiwan, New Guinea, Dutch East Indies. Japans small army manages
to fight stronger and bigger
countries by: James Chung, Paul Lee,
Ivan Rivera, and
Kris van Gameren Japan was one of the most conservative countries that limited interactions with other civilizations. The country emphasized on keeping the circulation of wealth within itself under the Tokugawa Shogunate, a Japanese government that accentuated on following traditions and heritage. However, after the “seclusion of Japan was ended in 1853 with the arrival of a United States naval fleet commanded by Commodore Matthew C. Perry”, Japan faced numerous changes. Japan acceded to foreign trade and diplomatic contact, which was offered by western countries. The leader, Tokugawa Shogunate was forced to resign due to people’s favor of modernization and foreign interactions. Meiji emperor, government that advocated modernization, gained power and it led to the beginning of Japan’s modern era. Japan started to adapt cultures and traditions of the western countries influenced by trading with foreign countries. Japan dramatically grew in art such as “literature and theater, politics, economies, and military systems”. The Japanese government got rid of the old samurai class, the hierarchy that distinctively divided people into different classes, into a democratic country. Also, new forms of soldiers and armies were formulated, replacing the samurais. They began to use modern weaponry that the western countries had brought. Modern money and banking systems were used for better economic exchanges. New technology such as railroads, telegraph and telephone lines were introduces and modern factories were built. By the 1890s, “Japan's rapid modernization had made it the most powerful nation in Asia”. With the technology of western countries and the strong economy built previously by the Tokugawa Shogunate, Japan was powerful. Japan started to invade other countries for land expansion and resources. Japan got involved in many wars such as the Sino Japanese War of 1894-95, a war that helped Japanese to take over Taiwan and the Penghu Islands from China. At that point, Japan was invincible and continued wars with China. By 1894, Japan won “control of Taiwan, southern Manchuria, and Korea”. These countries all received a heavy dosage of Japanese culture and had little resistance to the stronger country. From resources from its colonies, Japan grew exponentially and gained enough power to fight against bigger countries such as Russia, a “major player in European politics”. Japan won the Russo-Japanese war claiming the southern half of Sakhalin Island and Manchuria from Russia. Japan’s expansion did not stop after colonizing big portions of China and captured more countries like Philippines. The growth of Japan's Empire continued until the end of World War II. The Japanese had conflicted many other big countries causing them to lose the war at the hands of the United States. Although they had lost much of their lands, the Japanese imperial run seemed to be unstoppable until bigger countries stepped in to prevent world dominance. Japan "chose the way of the West" and
accepted the technology and cultures of
the European countries. The modernization that
the Western Countries bought helped
Japan's Economic growth, military, and
government. Japan started to expand
using the power gained from
modernization. Japan grew so powerful
that it could fight Russia Russo-Japanese War February 1904 The United States sent a fleet to Japan in 1853.
The U.S. then began to force Japan out of isolation as
Japan limited interactions with foreign countries . Matthew Perry Japan proclaims war with Russia Quick Summary Big countries started to find Japan
as a threat and tried to stop Japan Japan surprises Russia
by attacking Port Arthur,
Russia's naval fleet. May 1904 Battle of Yalu River. Japanese are
victorious and storm
the Manchurian coast Winter 1905 Japanese moved north
and severe winters delay war. Russian surprise attack
Japanese at Sandepu. Russians
fail to breakthrough. Occupation of Korea Battle of Mukden. Russian
total casualties 90,000 A picture of a school in Korea during the occupation Battle of Tsushima. Russians are
forced to surrender. New ways of education were introduced
and Japanese forced schools to teach Japanese Unsafe operations were done to Koreans for research as if
they were guinea pigs. Russians agree to give up Korea, Manchuria and Port Arthur May 1905 February 1905 Artwork showing conflict between
Russians and Japanese. Japanese battleships. Russians retreat from Japanese
forces. Map of the war. Region of Manchuria Japanese forces invade Manchuria Koreans who fought for independence were tortured. Philippines became independent in 1945. This treaty made it "fair" for Japan to
rule over Korea. This poem expresses sorrow of the occupation and hatred towards Japanese of being unjust and unethical Intro Chinese and Japanese movements. Demonstration of Japanese power over other far east countries. Japanese military officials, advise the General regarding the situation between Philippines and Japan Imperialism, the process of extending rule or authority of an empire, was Japan’s primary strategy during the early 20th century. Imperial Japan used its heavy-duty navy to overcome the Far East Asian countries. Japan could easily annex Korea, Manchuria, Thailand, Philippines due to its excellence and advancement in technology and economy. Japan grew more powerful from taking resources from its colonies and Japan was confronted with stronger countries because Japan was a rising threat. Works Cited
Chen, Peter C. “Invasion of the Philippine Islands 7 Dec 1941 - 5 May 1942.” World War II Database. Lava Development, LLC., n.d. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://ww2db.com/‌battle_spec.php?battle_id=46>.
“Japan.” Britannica Student. Britannica Digital Learning, n.d. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://school.eb.com/‌all/‌comptons/‌article-203220>.
Kim, Han Kyo. “Declaration&#8233;of&#8233;Independence&#8233; (March&#8233;1,&#8233;1919).” Asia for Educators. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/‌ps/‌korea/‌march_first_declaration.pdf>.
“Korea.” Britannica Student. Britannica Digital Learning, n.d. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://school.eb.com/‌all/‌comptons/‌article-300699?query=korean%20occupation&ct=null>.
“Korean-Japanese Treaty (1894).” World History: The Modern Era. ABC CLIO, n.d. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://worldhistory.abc-clio.com/>.
“Manchuria.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/‌wiki/‌Manchuria>.
Miller, Linda Karen. “JAPANESE COLONIALISM IN KOREA 1910-1945: A DOCUMENT-BASED ESSAY EXERCISE.” Editorial. Korea Society. Korea Society, n.d. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://www.koreasociety.org/‌index2.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_view&gid=147>.
“Russo-Japanese War.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 11 May 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/‌wiki/‌Russo-Japanese_War>. Bibliography Occupation of Manchuria
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