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Jean Piaget and his Cognitive Awesome
Transcript of Jean Piaget and his Cognitive Awesome
Sunni Mikesell Biography 1896-1980 Binet Institute Strengths of his theory! Weakness of His Theory Embraced approach that emphasizes continuous gains in children's cognition First psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development Cognitive Stage of Development Key Features Research Study Sensorimotor
(0-2 years) Preoperational
(2-7 years) Drawn to theories that highlight the role of children's social and cultural contexts Concrete Operational
(7-11 years) Formal Operational
(11+ years) Object Permanence Egocentrism Conservation Piaget's Unique Theory Manipulate ideas in head, abstract thinking Blanket and Ball Study Those who support Piaget accept a modified view of the stages Three Mountains Changes in children's thinking take place more gradually than Piaget believe Conservation of liquid Third Eye Problem Object Permanence hid a toy under a blanket while child was watching assumed child could only search if he had mental capacity searched for toy around 8 months Teacher? preschool teachers should make sure that children have developed a sense of object permanence. Egocentrism test to see if children had the same view of the mountain younger children: pointed out what THEY saw older children: pointed out what OTHERS saw Teacher? Early grades (pre K- K): important to teach students the importance of sharing and that "it's not always about you" Older grades (1-2): important to focus on understanding other people's points of view Conservation gain abilities of conservation: number, area, volume, orientation, reversibility understand when water is poured into a different shape glass...quanitiy stays the same Teacher? important to teach students in a way that challenges their level of thought , but is still attainable. Abstract Thought children asked: "where would you put an extra eye if you were able to have one?" 9 year olds: eye should go in center of forehead 11 year olds: more creative, eye go on hand to see around corners Teacher? important to begin preparing students for this level of thought because as they get older their problem solving skills become internal rather than external. Jean Piaget was the first to study children in stages. As teachers, we are able to use the stages of development to make a lesson plan that caters to the children's needs according to their age With his theory we, as teachers, can better understand and communicate children especially in the classroom It is only concerned with children and not other learners The Focus is only on development not on learning so it does not express how to deal with certain behavior or how the children learn
focuses on the process of learning not on the progress Piaget only studied his own children and his observations may have been biased. Developed French versions of questions on English Intelligence tests "Knowledge, then, is a system of transformations that become progressively adequate." It is concerned with children, rather than all learners. It focuses on development, rather than learning specific behaviors and information. It proposes discrete stages of development. His stages are marked by qualitative differences, instead of gradually increasing in number and complexity of behaviors or concepts. 3 Basic Components to Piaget's Theory 1. Schema The basic building block of knowledge. 2. Adaptation, Assimilation, Accommodation, and Equilibrium. Assimilation and Accommodation are both forms of Adaptations (or adjustments to the world). Equilibrium implies that cognitive change is in a steady, comfortable condition. Assimilation: using existing schema (or knowledge) to deal with a new object or situation. Accommodation: Creating new schema (or knowledge) to deal with a new object or situation because existing schema don't work. 3. Stages of Development: 1. Sensorimotor 2. Preoperational 3. Concrete Operational 4. Formal Operational