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The UNiTE Campaign and Measuring the Costs of Violence against Women

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Anna-Karin Jatfors

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of The UNiTE Campaign and Measuring the Costs of Violence against Women

(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr III.
MEASURING THE COSTS OF VAW (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Violence against women comes at a terrible economic cost How can we measure the costs of VAW? NATIONAL: II.
STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS Leveraging actions that are already happening Inspiring new actions by diverse actors I. UNiTE
GLOBAL OVERVIEW Unit costing EXAMPLE: Cambodia
16 days of Activism - good practice in coordination of social mobilization
76 partners, 18 human white
ribbon shapes involving 9,400 people THANK YOU! Overall objective:
Raise public awareness and increase political will and resources for preventing and responding to all forms of violence against women and girls by 2015 Focus on transformative social and policy change
– Not only communications campaign!

Human rights approach - all women, all forms of violence, at all times 1. National legislation to punish VAW
Legal reform, implementation and enforcement
2. National Action Plans
Increased capacities and resource allocation
3. Data collection and analysis
4. Public awareness and social mobilization for prevention of violence
National campaigns for zero tolerance on VAW
5. Sexual violence in conflict Say NO-UNiTE online platform
Stop Rape Now - UN Action to address
Sexual Violence in Conflict
Network of Men Leaders
UN Trust Fund to EVAW
Broad ownership and partnerships across sectors - Government, regional bodies, women’s movement, religious groups, men and boys, media, young people, the private sector, etc.

Ending impunity:
Punish perpetrators and make sure survivors have access to justice

Support for survivors:
Strengthen accountability, capacities and resources Main areas of focus Global initiatives in support of UNiTE Holistic, multi-disciplinary approach Launched in 2008 by UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Five Global Outcomes to guide our work Global advocacy
UN Leadership by example
Strengthened efforts & partnerships Mobilizing, catalytic and coordinating role engaging diverse and strategic partners Presentation by:
Anna-Karin Jatfors
Jakarta, Indonesia
8 August 2012 Global UNiTE
Youth Forum Bangkok, May 2012
42 young activists from 25 countries
Youth Statement and formation of a global UNiTE Youth Network The Reserve Bank of Fiji estimates the direct & indirect cost of VAW = 7% of GDP
In 2009, VAW & their children cost the Australian economy an estimated 13.6 billion AUD
In 2003, the costs of VAW in the US was estimated to be USD 5.8 billion per year
Of which USD 4.1 billion on direct medical services and 1.8 billion due to productivity losses
Direct costs
Value of goods and services to
prevent and treat violence
Medical, criminal justice system,
legal, housing, social services,
counseling, transportation…

Indirect costs
Labour market: increased absenteeism,
reduced productivity, earnings and savings
Decreased physical and mental health,
substance abuse
Intergenerational impact:
Lower education attainment of children
and perpetuation of violence

Pain and suffering
Increased mortality due to
murders & suicides
Reproductive health problems,
lower birth weight, etc 1. Unit Costing:
Calculate the unit cost of a particular service or activity

2. Gender-Responsive Budgeting: Analyze the budget, main budget documents, legislation and plans to monitor adequate funding for addressing and preventing VAW
Show the cost of intervening: aid in implementing plans
3. Socio-Economic Impact of VAW:
Calculate the full socio-economic impact of VAW in monetary terms - paid by individuals, families, communities, societies
Highlight the cost of not intervening Based on calculating the individual cost of each unit used for any particular service
Requires accurate data and knowledge of what services or activities are ongoing or planned
Should in principle be already known and used by public institutions
BUT: Can be difficult to keep track of costs specifically dealing with VAW within the general services offered (e.g. health, prosecution)
Calculations tend to be small and focused on a particular service area Gender-responsive budgeting Analysis of budgets from a gender perspective
Requires knowledge of:
What services are available, and what are missing
Legislation, action plans and strategies
Budgeting process of the country
The administrative processes that victims must use when they report an act of violence
Looks at government expenditures and revenues, as well as sources of funding
Important: services can lack sustainability if not part of core government budgets Socio-economic impact of VAW Involves a much wider scope of how VAW affects society and the economy
To have statistically significant data about incidence, severity and types of VAW, and how different aspects of the victim’s life are affected (health, education, income generation, social participation, etc.)
Identifies the main agents bearing direct and indirect costs (victim, victim’s family and friends, government entities, employers, and society at large). Costing can help transform norms on the acceptability of violence
Show the drain on public resources & household economies

Many laws and policies on VAW don’t have any budget attached
Tendency for direct service expenditure without any specific allocation in the budget for DV/VAW
When there is budget allocated, it is often not well targeted
Some services are not stated clearly in the laws
For instance psychosocial counselling, safe housing So what is the case for costing violence against women? Costing can help break down policy commitments into key deliverables that can be realistically provided For the purposes of public budgeting & resource allocation
Identify the human and financial resources required to go from words to action Costing can point to what is missing and reveal inefficiencies in existing services and procedures BUT: No “one size fits all” approach or magic bullet -
Pro’s and con’s of each approach ...and for costing
survivor services? Costing shows that VAW is not just a human rights issue but carries significant costs to women, their families, communities and societies Preventing and eradicating VAW will save societies considerable amounts of resources Powerful tool for building the evidence-base for advocacy and awareness-raising
Sustained interest needs sustained evidence Increase demand: High acceptance on VAW results in lack of services and low utilization of available services Costing can help governments in implementing plans and delivering on policy commitments There is often lack of clarity in roles and responsbilities of various sectors
Lack of clear guidelines on how cases should be referred
Sectoral mandates often inconsistent - laws not always translated in sectoral strategic plans
Limited monitoring of the security, availability of services and quality and frequency of training of service providers
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