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Public Speaking

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by

Andrea Paige

on 11 July 2014

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Transcript of Public Speaking

Speech Unit
What is Communication?
Communication is the process of sending and receiving messages. It occurs when we express ourselves in a manner that is clearly understood.
When do you send and/or receive messages?
Talking to peers
Public Speaking
What is public speaking?
Why is it important?
Why do you have to learn how to do it?
What is Public Speaking?
Public speaking is the process and act of speaking or giving a lecture to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain a listening audience.
The Communication Process
When two or more people are communicating a message, listening to what the other has to say, and then responding, they are actively involved in the communication process. This process has four parts: sender, message, receiver, and feedback.
Why is Public Speaking Important?
Effectively communicating by speaking in front of any size group builds confidence and is a useful skill. As social creatures we communicate both verbally and non-verbally constantly. Learning how to use these skills effectively and efficiently will improve your relationships with others, as well as allow you to function in academic and business worlds.
Why you have to do this:
Because I said so. :) But, really, communication is hugely important to our everyday lives. Strong communication skills will allow you to succeed in life. Heck, strong communications skills help you get what you want in life. :) So, you are being given an opportunity to explore and experiment with what styles of communication work best for you.
The Sender:
Transmits the message.

The Message:
Words, body language, and symbols that convey ideas.

The Receiver:
Intercepts and interprets message; transmits feedback.

Feedback:
Words, body language, and symbols that respond to the sender's message.
Writing Letters
Watching T.V.
Talking on the telephone
While in school
While in Treatment Team
During Group
With my C.T.
With my family
When words are clearly put together, they build a solid communication system intended to communicate a specific message.
Meaningful communication would always occur in a perfect world.
However, the world is not perfect so messages sent are often blocked or misunderstood.
These misunderstandings are called communication barriers.
A communication barrier is any obstacle that gets in the way of effective communication.
These obstacles might be
Attitudinal
-"I really don't like what we're talking about here."
Social
-"This person is NOT one of my friends!"
Educational
- "I'm far too smart to listen to this to this stuff!"
Cultural
-"This person's heritage isn't like mine at all!"
Environmental
-"Im too hoti n this room to even think!"
How do these obstacles prevent the receiver from correctly interpreting the words spoken by the sender?
The receiver might make snap judgements.
The receiver might be offended by how the speaker addresses the issues
The speaker or the receiver may have misinterpreted the attitude, education, cultural, or social affiliation of the other person.
Being uncomfortable in your environment makes it hard to pay attention. It also increases negative feelings and reactions.
So, what's the solution to communication barriers??
The answer is simple:
Focus
Remove distractions
Try to find common ground
Consider these action words as possible solutions for the sender:
Think!
before you speak.
Articulate!
your words

Watch!
the receiver for proper nonverbal cues
Consider these action words as possible solutions for the receiver:
Ask!
questions and make polite requests
Learn!
more about issues and people. They can both make you smarter
Relate!
to the background and experiences of those speaking. They are saying what they're saying for a reason. It's worth your time to listen and try to understand their world.
Communication barriers happen in both the social and professional worlds. Therefore the solutions work in BOTH settings. These skills will serve you well.
Your Assignment:
Begin to apply these communication solutions to your daily conversations with your peers, staff, CT, and family members.
Vocabulary
Written Communication: Any communication that must be read.
Oral or Verbal Communication: Any communication that is spoken.
Nonverbal Communication: expresses your attitudes or moods about a person, situation or idea.
Your ability to put words together effectively and communicate appropriate nonverbal cues will determine your impact as a communicator.
What is a Symbol?
A symbol is anything that stand for an idea and is used for communication.
Examples:
Peace Sign
A Flag
Bald Eagle
Leather Jacket
Key Words:
Trust, Family, Honesty, America
Types of Communication
Intrapersonal Communication
The ability to conduct an inner dialogue with yourself and to assess your thoughts, feelings, and reactions.
Interpersonal Communication
Communication that takes place between two or more people
Rhetoric
The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
Oratory
The art of study of public speaking
She has a way with words
He really has a command of language
Orator
A person who delivers oratory and uses words effectively
Great Orators
Abraham Lincoln
Gandhi
President Kennedy
Nelson Mandela
Martin Luther King Jr.
President Obama
Adolf Hitler
One of these people is not like the other.....
Speeches That Changed the Course of History
Winston Churchill
Caring About Your Audience
It is important to respect the members of your audience and show a genuine concern for their thoughts and feeling.
What does this mean??
Questions to Consider:
Is this material appropriate for this group?
How would I feel if I were asked that question?
Am I giving my audience new information?
Is my material too difficult or too easy for my audience?
Audience:
Pay attention to audience feedback and then adapt.
This is something you may have to do several times.
If you are
flippant
in your presentation you may convey the attitude that your audience isn't very important.
Flippant-- Lacking proper respect or seriousness.
Audience:
Offer a
logical appeal
--provides your audience with both sequence and analysis in your organization and factual evidence to prove your point.
Offer an
emotional appeal
-- this is when you "strike a chord" in your audience and appeal to their sense of patriotism, family, justice, or the like.
Your First Speech!
Your first speech with be an Introduction Speech.
This means you will tell us who you are and where you come from.
Remember, YOU get to decide what you share and what you don't share. This is how YOU want to present yourself to your audience.
Helpful Hints
Make eye contact
Practice
Use what you know
Pretend you're talking to a friend
Breath
Audience
Ethics:
A person's sense of right or wrong.
Offer an
ethical appeal
when you show your audience that you have a natural honesty about you, a strong knowledge of right and wrong, and no compromise to your values.
What is Dialogue?
Dialogue is conversation.
Remember that good dialogue begins with each person respecting the other.
Dialogue that doesn't start this way often ends in hurt feelings.
Vocabulary
Motivation: a need or desire that causes a person to act.
Stereotyping: labeling every person in a group based on a preconceived idea as to what that group represents.
Stereotypes:
All Athletes are dumb
All good students are nerds
All lawyers are liars
All Italians are in the mob
All Natives are drunks
All kids in treatment are bad
All men in theatre are gay
Confidence
The feeling you have when you believe you are capable of handling a situation successfully.
What gives you confidence?
Knowledge of subject
The way I dress
Positive feedback
Acceptance of myself
PRACTICE
Stage Fright
The fear of speaking in front of people
Fear
The biological process which animals, including humans, secure the necessary energy to do a job that really matters, one that might potentially result in physical and/or psychological injury.
Full transcript