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Structural family therapy
Transcript of Structural family therapy
•Gelles, R. J., Maynard, P. E. (1987). A structural Family Systems Approach to Intervention in Cases of Family Violence, Family Relations, 36, 270-275.
•Gurman, A. S. & Kniskern, D. P. (1981). Handbook of Family Therapy. New York: Brunner/Mazel Publishers.
•Minuchin, Salvador. (1971). Families and family therapy. Harvard University Printing Press.
•Minuchin, Salvador. (1984). Family therapy techniques. Harvard University Printing Press.
•Umbarger, C.C. (1983). Structural Family Therapy. New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc.
•Wolf, D. DelCampo, R. (1995). Selective Mutism in children: a structural family therapy approach to treatment. Contemporary Family Therapy, 17(2), 177-194.
Understanding the foundations
What does the structural model propose?
Structural Family Therapy
MUTISM IN CHILDREN
Structural Family Therapy & Systems Theory in Business
Salvador Minuchin's life
Born in San Salvador Argentina, October 13th, 1921.
Understanding the Problem
Nobody in his family challenged the supreme authority.
The therapist tracks content and learns about the family issue and draws together all data relevant to the issue as gathered from prior information and the in-session experience leading up to the moment when the therapist is to intervene.
In 1950 he studied Psychiatry in the US
Fisrt he was a psychiatrist focused in Psychoanalysis
Worked in the Wiltwyck School for Boys in NYC.
Now your task....
structural Approach serve as a framework to understand the unique structure of the family.
Mapping family’s underlying structure
observe family to see structure, focusing on the how, when, and to whom family members relate
who says what to whom
in what way
with what result
What's it about?
The therapist commits to hypotheses about the significance of the current transactional sequence of the nature of the problem, its locus, and sustaining structure.
Conducts experiments through probes and challenges to assess the flexibility of family patterns
Invisible set of functional demanded rules that organize the way family members relate to each other.
Transactional patterns within the family
How these patters affects the family "homeostasis"
Are viewed in the context of the family's internal organization
Intervening in ways designed to transform an ineffective structure
--> Therefore, tools are given to re-structure the family organization.
Unflexible rules = family members doesn't adapt = Non working behaviors
Jumps into a new paradigm called Family Therapy
Family: living open system, in constant transformation
non speaking in specific context
know the language
Structure, degree of cohesion, role distribution, and modeling
block to a child's autonomy and identity
An unsatisfactory marriage or scanty husband and wife communication can
push the mother into a child liaison to compensate for the disappointment
in the marriage.
Monosyllabic speech, shyness,and reservation were generally present in one or both parents and perhaps even in the previous generation.
There is usually a symbiotic mother-child relationship or a strong mutual dependency.
Age of 3 stop talking as a game
A: "Mommie, tell Grandpa to sit over here"
B:"Tell Penelope to bring her game to the table."
Translation of Concepts
of the most significant Systems of Human interaction are: Family and the career/ businesses environment
Structure is common to all organizations
DEFINITION: Basic Organizational structure--> how work is divided, assigned, and how subsystems accomplish the objectives of the business.
Realign subsystems, hierarchical boundaries to make the system functional
Is the power structure of the family
= Power maintains hierarchy
Functional hierarchy maintains clear boundaries
Delineation of power and objectives to different subsystems throughout their hierarchy = accomplishment of purposes.
We can also talk about Coalitions and alignments...
Applications, Strategies & Techniques
Focus of individuals within the system and overall functioning of the organization.
Genograms- diagram structure
Reframing behaviors into growth areas
Reframing, restructuring, clarify boundaries, empowering, dissolve interfering coalitions,
Innovative and resolve conflicts by altering the structure