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Year 8 Literature - Crime Fiction

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Matthew McDonald

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of Year 8 Literature - Crime Fiction

CRIME FICTION What is crime fiction? Criminals Crimes Motives Police Detectives Private Investigators Murder Robbery Clues Investigation Mystery Can you think of any examples of the 'crime' genre? There are also different sub-genres of crime fiction: Detective Fiction Serial Killer Fiction 'Hard Boiled'/Noir Fiction Legal Thrillers Courtroom Dramas Whodunnit Stories Solving Victim One of the first (and most famous) crime authors was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, who wrote 'Sherlock Holmes'. Now let's look at an example of crime fiction... Born 1859; died 1930. Born and studied in Edinburgh, lived in England. Originally a doctor, but became a writer after the success of his short stories. Sherlock Holmes First appeared in 1887 ('A Study in Scarlet') . Became hugely popular as a recurring short story series in the magazine The Strand. An 'gentleman amateur' - not a police officer or a career detective, but a member of the public who has an uncanny ability to solve mysteries. Nearly invincible in his mental abilities - he will always solve the 'crime' (although sometimes the culprit will still get away). Appears in 60 short stories and novels written by Doyle. Usually deals with cases of a domestic nature. Why is Holmes so famous? Deductive Reasoning! In a nut shell, deductive reasoning is where you arrive at specific conclusions through applying general principles. Sound complicated? It's not really. Here's a classic example: 1. All men are mortal
2. Socrates is a man
3. Therefore, Socrates is mortal Try and come up with your own conclusion that is reached through deductive reasoning. Remember, BOTH your principles must be true in order for your conclusion to be valid! A Case of Identity. The world's greatest detective... Holmes: life is infinitely stranger than anything which the mind of man could invent. We would not dare to conceive the things which are really mere commonplaces of existence. If we could…peer in at [all] the queer things which are going on…it would make all fiction with its conventionalities and unforeseen conclusions most stale and unprofitable.

Watson: And yet I am not convinced of it…the result is, it must be confessed, neither fascinating nor artistic. (p.33) [Holme’s ‘big’ cases] are important, you understand, without being interesting. Indeed, I have found that it is usually in the unimportant matters that there is a field for observation… The larger crimes are apt to be the simpler, for the bigger the crime, the more obvious, as a rule, is the motive. (p.34) See his analysis of the Miss Mary Sutherland before he even meets her (p.35): "Oscillation upon the pavement always means an affaire de coeur. She would like advice, but is not sure that the matter is not too delicate for communication. And yet even here we may discriminate. When a woman has been seriously wronged by a man she no longer oscillates, and the usual symptom is a broken bell wire. Here we may take it that there is a love matter, but that the maiden is not so much angry as perplexed, or grieved. But here she comes in person to resolve our doubts." It is my business to know things. Perhaps I have trained myself to see what others overlook. (p.36) It has long been an axiom of mine that the little things are infinitely the most important. (p.39) Not invisible, but unnoticed, Watson. You did not know where to look, and so you missed what was important. I can never bring you to realize the importance of sleeves, the suggestiveness of thumb-nails, or the great issues that may hang from a bootlace. (p.42) Never trust to general impressions, my boy, but concentrate yourself upon details. (p.43) What is the mystery? What clues have been revealed? Can you solve it? "All this is amusing, though rather elementary..." "If I tell her she will not believe me. You may remember the old Persian saying, 'There is danger for him who taketh the tiger cub, and danger also for whoso snatches a delusion from a woman.' There is as much sense in Hafiz as in Horace, and as much knowledge of the world." (p.50) That fellow will rise from crime to crime until he does something very bad and ends on a gallows (pp.49-50)
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