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President Franklin D. Roosevelt

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Shelby Morris

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of President Franklin D. Roosevelt

Presidential Report Card
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1933-1945)
Chief Legislator
Only Congress has the actual power to make laws. But the Constitution gives the president power to influence Congress in its lawmaking. Presidents may urge Congress to pass new laws or veto bills that they do not favor.
Chief Legislator
Agenda- Bring America out of the Great Depression.
Initiated his role as Chief Legislator by presenting the New Deal to Congress
Had to expand his staff; the tasks at hand required far more attention than he could devote alone
Guardian of the Economy
In this role, the president is concerned with such things as unemployment, high prices, taxes, business profits, and the general prosperity of the country. The president does not control the economy, but is expected to help it run smoothly.
Guardian of the Economy
No jobs to be had. No employment, no product, no customer, no profit.
The country recently suffered the stock market crash- Great Depression.
Major Legislation
Economy Bill
Civilian Conservation Corps
Gold Standard Ends
Federal Emergency Relief Act
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Tennessee Valley Authority
Federal Securities Act
Banking Act of 1933
21st Amendment
Social Security Act
Additional Info
Utilized his veto power more than any other president. Used it 221 more times than Grover Cleveland (414.)
Grade
A
Major Legislation
Banking Act of 1935- marked the beginning of the end of Wall Street's domination of finance capitalism.
Relief and Job- Relief= Federal Emergency Relief Admin. 1933. Gave money to states for immediate payments to unemployed.
Additional
CCC- planting trees, building bridges, cleaning beaches; put 300,000 men to work.
Civil Works Admin.- Spent almost 1 billion dollars on public works projects.
Agricultural Adjustment- aimed to make farmers' incomes larger by offering money to reduce their production.
Improvements
Increased employment
Provided programs that gave relief for millions of Americans on the verge of outright starvation
Grade: A
Chief Diplomat
The president decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments. With the help of advisers, the president makes the foreign policy of the United States.
Chief Diplomat
Good Neighbor Policy- I won't bother you if you don't bother me.
Relations
FDR, Churchill, and Stalin meet in Yalta to discuss the post war future of Europe.
Kept an eye on events in Europe and Asia
Involved the U.S. with other countries, creating a peaceful
entrance for America
Four Freedoms
Atlantic Charter
Bretten Woods Arrangement
United Nations
Grade
B
Commander-in-Chief
The president is in charge of the U.S. armed forces: the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. The president decides where troops shall be stationed, where ships shall be sent, and how weapons shall be used. All military generals and admirals take their orders from the President.
Commander-in-Chief
Provided diplomatic and financial support to China and Great Britain (1938).
After Dec. 7, 1941, declared war against Japan and Germany.
1942, ordered internment of Japanese-American civilians. EO 9066.
Won WW2
Overall Efforts
During the war, FDR mobilized America's industrial might to out-manufacture the Axis Powers.
Grade: B+
Head of State
This role requires a president to be an inspiring example for the American people. In some nations, the chief of state is a king or a queen who wears a crown on special occasions, celebrates national holidays, and stands for the highest values and ideals of the country. As the American Chief of State, the president is a living symbol of the nation. It is considered a great honor for any citizen to shake the president's hand.
Head of State
Informal, down to earth, very direct.
Very distinguished and popular amongst the people of the nation
Highest approval rating : 84% in 1942.
Declaration of War Speech
First Inaugural Speech
The Only Thing We Have To Fear..
Grade: A+
Chief of Party
In this role, the president helps members of his political party get elected or appointed to office. The president campaigns for those members who have supported his policies. At the end of a term the president may campaign for reelection.
Chief of Party
Set the foundation of the modern Democratic Party
Impressed his party with how he dealt with difficult times (WW2, Great Depression)
Strengthened and balanced the Democratic Party
Gained congressional seats; House: 133 Senate: 11
Grade: A
Chief Executive
The president is "boss" for millions of government workers in the Executive Branch, deciding how the laws of the United States are to be enforced and choosing officials and advisers to help run the Executive Branch.
Chief Executive
Strong leadership, involved
Increased the size of gov. through policies as well as the role
Knowledgeable/ experienced Cabinet
No need to fear resistance from Democratic dominated Congress or citizens of the U.S.
Grade: B+
Questions to Consider
Background
Born in Hyde Park, New York on January 30, 1882
attended Groton (1896-1900), a prestigious preparatory school in Massachusetts, and received a BA degree in history from Harvard in only three years (1900-03).
Continued political career after an unexpected halt when he contracted polio.
He was re-elected as governor in 1930, and then soon began campaigning for the presidency.
Overall Grade
FDR receives an A on his report card. He took all necessary actions in order to lift the country from the Depression as well as handle his obligations abroad and at home. He forever changed the government and legislation and set the frame for what it has developed into as the years have passed.
Name a few pieces of legislation under FDR that helped the economy and the American people.
What was he diagnosed with that halted his political career?
Fun Facts:
FDR was the first president whose mother was allowed to vote for him.
FDR married his fifth cousin Anna Eleanor Roosevelt.
FDR's mother made him wear a skirt until he was five years old.
Works Cited
www.americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/2b6.html
www.associatedcontent.
com/article/5973262/the_presidents_of_the_united_states.
html
www.history.com/topics/franklin-d-roosevelt
www.millercenter.org/president/fdroosevelt
www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/26_t_roosevelt/index.html
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USArooseveltF.htm
www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1578.html

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