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The Elements of Music
Transcript of The Elements of Music
Timbre is influenced by a number of factors, such the SIZE, shape, and proportions of the instrument, the MATERIAL of which it is made, and the manner in which VIBRATION is set up. DYNAMICS Dynamics denotes the degree of LOUDNESS or SOFTNESS at which the music is played. In this area, as in that of tempo, certain responses seem to be rooted in the nature of our emotions. Mystery and fear call for a WHISPER; jubilation and vigorous activity go with full resonance. - rhythm - tempo RHYTHM Rhythm— - the Greek word for “FLOW” —is the term we use to refer to the CONTROLLED MOVEMENT OF MUSIC IN TIME. Since music is an art that exists solely in TIME, rhythm shapes all the relationships within a composition. It is rhythm that causes people to fall in step when the band plays, to nod or TAP with the BEAT. Upon the tick-tock of a clock or any series of noises we hear, we automatically impose a PATTERN. We hear the sounds as a regular pulsation of STRONG and WEAK beats. In other words, we organize our perception of TIME by means of rhythm. TEMPO The tempo refers to the SPEED of the music. Tempo carries emotional implications. We respond to musical tempo PHYSICALLY and psychologically. Our PULSE, our breathing, our entire being adjusts to the RATE OF MOVEMENT. - form - texture Form refers to the ORGANIZATION of the music. Popular songs, for example, are created including certain components: VERSE, CHORUS, BRIDGE, etc. FORM TEXTURE In writings on music we encounter frequent references to its FABRIC (or texture). Such comparisons between music and cloth are not as unreasonable as may at first appear, since the melodic lines may be thought of as so many threads that make up the musical fabric. Texture refers to the NUMBER of layers as well as the TYPE of layers used in a composition and how these layers are RELATED.