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Chapter 11: Gender and Sexuality
Transcript of Chapter 11: Gender and Sexuality
Sex and Gender: Not the Same
the biological distinction between men and women
Sex is on a continuum (like a color spectrum)
Men Intersex Women
individuals born with ambiguous reproductive anatomy; sex is unclear
- Intersex births occur in approximaitely 1 in 1500 babies
Patriarchy is gender and male domination
form of social organization in which men/masculinity dominate
- Similar to how whites dominate or how the wealthy dominate lower social classes
Pay Gap: It Still Exists
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), full time employed women earned just 80.9% of the salaries their male counterparts did FOR THE SAME JOB.
The pay gap hasn't budged in over 10 years!
This is what women could afford if they were paid the same as men.
the socially constructed cultural expectations associated with being a man or a woman
The bundle of social roles and psychological traits expected of individuals based on their biological sex.
Gender is on a continuum
match between gender assigned at birth, bodies, and personal identity
Do some men do things better than women? Women better than men?
Gender socialization begins immediately
Gender in Everyday Life
: private identification as as male, female, or some combination of both or neither. Can be same or different than gender assigned at birth.
communication of gender identity to others through behavior, clothing, haircut, voice, etc. Associated with either being masculine or feminine.
individuals whose gender identity/expression is different from the one associated with their sex assigned at birth
Conflict and Feminist theorists:
we differentiate to devalue
we differentiate to take care of society's needs
we all "do" gender through our everyday interactions , even men
the advocacy of social equality for men and women, in opposition to patriarchy and sexism
the ideology that one sex is superior to the other.
Prejudice plus power= discrimination
So does location
PINK COLAR JOBS-
fields with high concentration of women tend to be lower paid
* REMEMBER: even in the same jobs women are paid less than men, too!
invisible barrier created by sexism that prevents qualified women from advancing to management (In 2015, 24 out of Fortune 500 CEOs are women)
men in female dominated occupations often rise to the top of management
The Second Shift
unpaid housework women typically do after they return from paid employment
Women still do about 2/3 of household chores though mens participation has increased in recent years.
Time for "Male chores" vs. "female chores"
How does this change with same-sex couples?
a person's sexual desires, behaviors, and identity
Sexual norms vary by culture and over time; sexuality is, in part, a social construct
How is sexuality conceived of in the U.S. in 2015? How has this changed over time?
Attitudes regarding sex in the U.S. changed because of:
1. Kinsey book about sexuality in 1948. Talked about homosexuality and made private act of sex public.
2. Youth culture of 1950s and 60s rebelling against sexual norms.
3. The Pill was introduced in 1960.
4. Women's movement fought against double standards for sex.
Violence Against Women
unwelcome sexual advances and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature
pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another
85% of domestic violence directed at women
8 out of 10 women raped know rapist
1 in 4 heterosexual women will experience domestic violence in lifetime
1 in 4 to 1 in 3 (depending on source) people in a same sex partnership will experience domestic violence.
So....why do women stay?
Human Trafficking and Globalization
trade of humans, mostly for the purposes of sexual slavery or forced labor.
Over 80% are exploited for sexual slavery.
Estimated $32 billion dollar/year profit
White Ribbon Campaign
sense of self as it relates to type of sexual attraction we have for others
attracted to people of different sex
attracted to people of same sex
attracted to people of both sexes
no sexual attraction for anyone
set of attitudes and behavior that indicate an assumption everyone is heterosexual
disapproval or fear of LGBT people; often a source of discrimination and hostility
privilege based on heterosexual orientation.
Has this ever happened to you?
How is trafficking related to sexism and view of women (worldwide and in the US?)
Lets Talk about Ray Rice
Why does this word get such a bad wrap?
Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death among young people ages 10 to 24.
• LGB youth are 4 times more likely, and questioning youth are 3 times more likely, to attempt suicide as their straight peers
• Nearly half of young transgender people have seriously thought about taking their lives, and one quarter report having made a suicide attempt.
• LGB youth who come from highly rejecting families are 8.4 times as likely to have attempted suicide as LGB peers who reported no or low levels of family rejection.