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General map of the Yugoslav lands

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jelena glisovic

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of General map of the Yugoslav lands

development of cartography in Serbia
unfavourable historical,
economic and political circumstances
&
social environment and underdeveloped economy
On 5 February 1876 Second Department of the Army General Staff was formed with the task of to perform the survey of Serbia
The outbreak of war in 1914 galvanised Serbian mapmaking
ceasless work of mapmakers
in the most frightful conditions and everywhere including on retreat from Belgrade and Serbia
withdrawal of Serbian Army in 1915, severely affected the Topographical Department
The first printed work in Serbian language outside homeland were new sections of our General Map of Yugoslavia 1 : 200.000
quite similar to the Austrian general map 1:200.000 but still original:
Work on the General Map of Yugoslavia 1:200.000 reflected the idea of unity of the three constituent parts of the South Slavic State and creating the Yugoslav nation
General map of the Yugoslav lands printed at Corfu and Salonika during World War I
10th ICA Conference Digital Approaches to Cartographic Heritage Corfu, 27-29 May 2015
Jelena Glišović
Serbia's remoteness from the trends of European cartography meant it was misrepresented
information was copied from old maps or maps were drawn from works of travel writers
major advances in cartographic presentation of Serbs and the are linked to warfare

the principal interest in Serbia
amongst major powers was the
country's potential role as theatre of war
19th century is of crucial importance for Serbian cartography the completion of acculturation process and acceptance of the achievements of the European enlightenment including maps and cartography
liberated Serbia is on the path of emancipation and integration into the civilization of the modern world
19th century development caused a strong need for maps
Bugarski
Milenkovic
Dežarden

Orfelin
Jovan Cvijić
Serbian cartography based on a unique geographic and cartographic scientific methodology
1865 – 1927
founder of geography in Serbia
29 Serbian officers took part
first topographical contour map (1881-1892) in scale 1: 50.000
Stevan Bošković
Serbia's best known surveyor and topographer
(1876-1957)
General in the Corps of Topographic Engineers
He served as head of the Geography Department from 1900 to 1912, and then led the Topography Department between 1912 and 1920. He headed the Army's Institute of Geography until 1937
green
blue
amber
black
red
having lost everything but basic geodetic and cartographic materials
as soon as Army came to Corfu, they commenced all over again
photos from Serbian Military Museum
R-423 - Serbs and Greeks play Serbian folk dance (kolo) on Corfu, the author Miloje Igrutinović
R-5208 Bathing in the sea of Serbian troops in Corfu, 1916
R-5780 - Serbian army camp on the island of Corfu, in 1916, the author Samson Chernov
new cartographic material
corrected nomenclature
relief represented by contour lines
more than half of the sections, were printed on Corfu at the

Institute of the Aspiotis brothers
66 sections, each on a single sheet size 48 x 65 cm
Having transferred in 1916 to Salonika, the Topographic Department formed its own mapping workshop for the needs of the Serbian army, and all allies.
The General Map of Yugoslavia, drawn to a scale of 1:200.000 was completed in Salonika in 1917
Greek printers helped the Serbian Army to a large extent
Thus significantly contributed to maintaining the continuity of cartographic production of the Serbian army
According to the new topographic the General Map of Yugoslavia drawn to a scale of 1 to 200,000, for the whole of Yugoslavia, the finishing operations for the liberation of the country were executed.
According to the new topographic the General Map of Yugoslavia the finishing operations for the liberation of the country were executed.
After the First World War almost all of the material for maps making was destroyed

There were no instruments for mapping and cartographic processing
Under the leadership of General Stevan Bošković the restoration of cartographic activities began
...The interwar period of reconstruction and development, unfortunately, will not last long...
Thank you for your attention

jelena.glisovic@nb.rs

National Library of Serbia
Full transcript