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Energy

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by

Marie Comried

on 17 December 2013

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Transcript of Energy

Energy
A comparative look at energy policies from China, Germany, and the United States
Hannah Bott
Karen Bierman
Marie Comried
Shaun Schroeder

United States

Germany
China
Energy Policies
Currently Germany uses a variety of energy sources:

fossil fuels
nuclear energy
biomass (wood and bio fuels
wind
hydro
and solar...
Energy Policies
Energy Policies
Net Metering
RPS
REC's
Spending on Renewable Energy
Private: Grants
Loans
Personal property

Public: Grants
Gov's Funding
USDA
NSF

Effectiveness of
Energy Resources

Renewable Resources- 12 %
Wind - 28%
Solar- 1%
Hydroelectric- 56%
Organic Waste - 4%
Wood - 8%
Geothermal - 3%
Petrolium- 1%
Nuclear-19%
Natural Gas- 30%
Coal-31%
Drawbacks to Renewable Resources:
Unfortunately the amount of energy produced from renewable resources is expensive and thought of as unreasonable when it comes to terms of profit.

Not only are facilities expensive to build and operate but they also won't be as cost effective as our natural gasses are currently.

Availability is another drawback, due to various variables resources may be difficult to produce. These variables can range from geograpic location , the season, or even the weather.
ENERGIEWENDE!
Germany develops a plan to address climate and energy changes at once...
aka. "energy turnaround
PROGRAM GOALS
nuclear energy to be phased out by 2022.
Reduce C02 emissions by 40% below recorded 1990 levels by 2020.. 80% by2050
Increase relative share of renewable energy to as high as 80% by 2050
Increase national energy efficiency by cutting electrical consumption
PROGRAM FUNDING
What can the U.S learn from Germany?
Make a plan
Prove the worth of the program
Be knowledgeable of the market and be able to adapt
Multiple purposes and consequences of renewable energy
Why Energweide is having problems.....
1. "Close calls"
2. Dependance on public approval
3. Market Competition
Coal-71%
Oil-19%
6% Hydroelectric
3% Natural Gas
1% Nuclear
.2% Other renewables
What can the United States learn from China?
Protection
Encouragement
Promotion
Cooperation
Priorities
Heavy tax on nuclear producers
Moved factories outside of cities
no car days
natural gas for cooking
5 Year Plan (s)
Downfalls
Bibliography
USA:
(2013, August 06). State and local climate and energy program . Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/statelocalclimate/state/topics/renewable.html
ACORE. (2013). American council on renewable energy. Retrieved from http://www.acore.org/finance
North Carolina State University. (2013). Dsireusa. Retrieved from http://www.dsireusa.org/
National Conference of State Legislature. (2013). Energy. Retrieved from http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research.aspx?tabs=951,65,163
US Department of Energy. (n.d.). Renewable resources. Retrieved from http://energy.gov/
China:
Bao-jun Tang, Xiao-ping Shi, Gao Chao, and Cheng Shen. Analysis on Embodied Energy of China’s Export Trade and the Energy Consumption Changes of Key Industries. International Journal of Energy Research.
Lingying Pan, Zheng Guo, Pei Liu , Linwei Ma and Zheng Li. Comparison and Analysis of Macro Energy Scenarios in China and a Decomposition-Based Approach to Quantifying the Impacts of Economic and Social Development. http://www.mdpi.com/journal/energies.
Lucia Green-Wieskel. China’s Green Leap Backwards. The Nation.
Energy Information Administration. (2008). How dependent are we on foreign oil?
International Technology Education Association (2000)/2002//2007)
http//www.gov.cn/english/official/2012-10/24/content_2250497_3.htm
http://www.ncsl.org/issues-research.aspx?tabs=951,65,163#951
http://www.oecd.org/environment/
http://energy.gov/
ttp://www.hks.harvard.edu?m-rcbg/cepr/resources.html
http://www.un-energy.org/
Germany:
Boisvert, Will. (2013) Green Energy Bust in Germany. Dissent, 60 (3), 62-70.
Mez, L. (2012). Germany's merger of energy and climate change policy, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,
68(6), 22-29.
http://www.powermag.com/germanys-energy-transition-experiment/
Full transcript