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Close Reading, Analysis and Interpretation

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jamey rogers

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of Close Reading, Analysis and Interpretation

Close Reading, Analysis and Interpretation
What language the reader analyzes...
writing strategies
See page 124 of Student Guide for a more
complete list of strategies
Useful questions in analysis
Which details are significant? What is the significance of a particular detail?

Is there a pattern of details? How might this pattern be interpreted? How else might it be interpreted?

What details do not fit? How can they be fit together to form a pattern?

What details are
not
included? What is the significance of this?

(Questions from "A Student's Guide to FIrst Year Writing")

Quotes
from Alexie reading
Notice the very short Joy Harjo quotes as an example:

"A writing career is about writing."

"Writing is about ink."

"I like your poetry"
What is close reading?
Actively reading the text, getting a sense of its purpose, focusing on things that seem important, on meaning and content, and on finding patterns ("A Student's Guide to First Year Writing")
Analyze details and patterns in the following strategies:
Images and symbols
Tone
Diction
Examples and illustrations
Repetition
Voice
Lots more...
A close reading reveals what stands out in the text...

What can we infer from Alexie's use of Harjo to explain his education as a poet?

He needs an authentic voice other than his own to illustrate his growth

Harjo's voice accurately captures Alexie's frame of mind during his experiences

He is unwilling to use his own poetry (as, for example, Rich did) to describe his education as a poet
More close reading....asking questions of the text

He asks the reader to do the interpretation

He feels Harjo's poems convey enough meaning without his interference

He believes that his interpretation would muddy the purity of message or the reader's experience of Harjo's poems

We notice a few things:

What is included in the text
What is not included
The presence of a lot of Joy Harjo's poetry
Alexie uses Harjo's poetry to illustrate his growth as a poet and human being


Close reading and analysis are intertwined
Close reading leads to analysis

Once you identify important elements (parts) of the text through close reading, you can analyze them
What is analysis?
In Greek: analysis means "breaking up, loosening"

Examine the text's parts to see how it was put together to achieve its purpose

Explain how and why a text makes meaning

From "A Student's Guide to First Year Writing"
Strategies for close reading
Asking questions of the text

Underlining

Highlighting

Annotating

Defining key terms

Noting questions in the margins
One possible interpretation (thesis)
"Alexie could have explained his education as a poet better by offering some interpretation of Harjo's poems rather than just inserting them into his prose."
Does Alexie achieve his purpose (to explain his education as a poet) using Harjo's poems as illustrations?
The main question is...
Find out!
Close reading--picking apart the text



Analysis--finding patterns



Interpretation (thesis)--making a claim based on the patterns you found
Arriving at a critical understanding...a review of the four elements
Why doesn't Alexie explain Harjo's poems much to the reader? We might infer a few possibilities...
So, he partly achieved his purpose
The process of critically understanding a text
Close reading leads to analysis which leads to interpretation of the text (thesis or claim)
You must also understand the author's purpose
Author's
purpose
Arriving at a critical understanding of a text involves four elements
Close reading or picking apart the text
Analysis or finding patterns
Interpretation and thesis formation (making a claim based on patterns you found)
Author's
purpose
Jamey Rogers
University of Arizona

Analysis of Language
Let's analyze the use of illustrations in Sherman Alexie's "She Had Some Horses: Education of a Poet"
Let's apply what you've learned about analysis
Included: a lot of Joy Harjo's poetry

Not included: very little explanation/interpretation of Harjo's poetry
What's included? What's not?
The End
Full transcript