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Nova Scotia Confederation

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by

Sabrina Price

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Nova Scotia Confederation

The Path to Confederation Colony Summary Special Problems Railways Defense Nova Scotia Some people suggested that an intercolonial railway should be built between Nova Scotia and the Canadas. Nova Scotia would then carry on trade with the Canadas. Felt pretty secure because of the multitude of British soldiers and sailors in Halifax. Nova Scotia Basic Statistics Worried about new steamships. Feared that the steamships would take the business away from their wooden sailing ships.
Since 1854, enjoyed free trade with the U.S. If the U.S. put taxes on the goods that came into their country from Nova Scotia, the country would lose a lot of money.
Rather than trading with Canada and all the other Atlantic countries, they traded a lot with Britain, The U.S., and the West Indies. Pros and Cons of Confederation Pros Made trade with Canada easier. Closer connection of the colonies would improve the economy. Cons May lose free trade with the U.S.
Did not know the other colonies(Canada East and Canada West)
More interested in a union with the Maritime colonies. Population: 331 000
Largest City: Halifax (Population: 29 580)
Main Occupations: Fishermen, Merchants and Shipbuilders.
Income Sources: Fishing Industry and merchant ships transporting goods.
Geography: West in the Atlantic Ocean; an island Fathers of Confederation Charles Tupper Colony Represented: Nova Scotia
Date of Birth: July 2, 1821
Place of Birth: Amherst, NS
Date of Death: October 30, 1915
Nationality at Birth: Canadian
Conferences attended: Charlottetown, Quebec, and London.
Gender: Male
Religion: Baptist
Political Affiliation: Conservative
Age at Confederation(1867): forty-six
Profession or career: Doctor, President of Canadian Medical Association 1867-1870, High Commissioner to England 1884-1887, 1888-1896 Tupper's Role in Confederation Tupper is considered one of the Fathers of Confederation in bringing Nova Scotia up as one of the charter provinces. He was first elected to the legislative assembly of Nova Scotia in 1855. Tupper was also Premier of Nova Scotia from 1864 to 1867. He served as the Prime Minister for only 10 weeks. Tupper was elected to the House of Commons in 1867, and was President of the Priory Council in 1870. Tupper was also Minister of Ireland revenue in 1872, and Minister of Public Works in 1878. Other Achievements and Notable Events Tupper was considered the Father of Confederation. He was also a delegate in the conferences leading to Confederation. Tupper helped oversee the railroad construction. He brought an end to the anti-confederation movement. Tupper persuaded Joseph Howe to join the new Federal Government. Adam Archibald Colony Represented: Nova Scotia
Date of Birth: May 3, 1814
Place of Birth: Truro, Nova Scotia
Date of Death: December 14, 1982
Nationality at Birth: Canadian
Age at Confederation: fifty-three
First language: english
gender: male
Conferences attended: Charlottetown, Quebec, and London
Political Affiliation: Liberal
Religion: Church of Scotland
Profession outside of Politics: Lawyer Archibald's Role in Confederation Archibald Represented the district of Colchester County until 1867 in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly. During this time, he was appointed solicitor General in 1856, Attorney General in 1860, and was leader of the Liberal Party in 1863. On July 1867, he became Canada's first Secretary of State , having previously defended against criticisms of Confederations in 1866-1867. He was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories in 1870, and then Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia in 1873. He strongly stood for Confederation and supported it throughout his political career. Archibald's Other Achievements and Notable Events Archibald knighted companions of St.Michael and St. George in 1872. He also made Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George in 1885. Archibald served as Chairman of the Board of Governors of Dalhousie University in 1884. In 1885, Archibald was President of the Nova Scotia Historical Society. The Decision to Join There were a multitude of reasons for Nova Scotia to join confederation, including: The Nova Scotian shipbuilding industry was greatly threatened. When the Americans invented and started producing steel steamboats, the colony was in rather dire circumstances because navies would much rather buy steamboats than basic wooden ships. Joining confederation meant a more secure economic future for Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia and the U.S. could previously sell products without taxes having to be paid whenever goods entered or left an area through a reciprocity treaty. In 1865, the United States opted to end this treaty, thus severing the trade between the U.S. and Nova Scotia. This brought upon the idea that if Nova Scotia were to trade amongst the colonies in a united Canada, economic prosperity would continue. A railway to interconnect the colonies were needed if trade and communication was to be initiated between colonies. It enabled goods and mail to travel far distances quicker and cheaper than before, and allowed merchants to transport goods during the winter months. In addition, if the Atlantic colonies ever got attacked by the Fenians or U.S., British troops could be delivered swiftly to the battlefield by train. Uniting the colonies would make this process much easier and thus more possible. By: Shawna, Sabrina, Matteo, and Wilfred Better possibility of a railroad Better protection against the Fenians and the United States
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