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Code Talker Unit Plan
Transcript of Code Talker Unit Plan
Chapters 1 & 2
Chapters 3 & 4
1. What was the climate/ landscape at Bougainville like?
2. Ned and other Navajos tried to stop taking pills for which disease?
3. Why didn't Ned take food rations?
a. He was afraid there would be a trap in it
b. They ran out of food
c. He wasn't hungry
A Novel About the Navajo Marines of World War Two
by Joseph Bruchac
KWL: American Indians/ World War II
On your own paper, make a KWL chart. Then, we will share our answers.
What I Know
What I Want
What I Learned
1940s in the United States
Chapters 1 & 2
1. What is a hogan (5)?
2. What is a mesa (5)?
3. Who are the bilagáana (8)?
4. According to Ned's uncle, what happened to the Native Americans when the white people came (9)?
"Listen, My Grandchildren..."
1. Who is the narrator of this story?
2. To whom is the narrator speaking?
3. How might the audience affect how this story is told?
"There is no word for goodbye in Navajo" (12).
What does this tell us about the Navajo
the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time
Can you think of some beliefs, customs, or arts of our society in Sleepy Eye?
After reading the first two chapters of this book, what is your impression of the white man?
Now, look at the VERBS on page 15.
Look at the ADJECTIVES on page 15 that describe the white man.
Look at pages 14-17. Find some examples of customs and beliefs in Navajo culture that are different from our culture.
What do you think of this book so far?
Please add to your KWL sheet as we go. What have you learned?
Indian Boarding Schools
What did you think about the video about American Indian boarding schools? Do you think it was fair? Explain.
Popcorn Read: Chapter 3
Chapter 3: "To Be Forgotten"
1. What does the title of this chapter mean? What is being forgotten?
symbol (sim-bol): a symbol is a word or object that stands for another word or object. The object or word can be seen with the eye or not visible.
2. What do you think long hair symbolizes in Navajo culture?
3. What was the purpose of the bland uniforms the Navajos had to wear at the boarding school?
3. Why were so many Native Amerians given the last name "Begay" (21)?
What would you do if you were told you could never speak English again at school? How would you feel?
Chapter 4: "Tradition vs. Progress"
the transmission of customs or beliefs from generation to generation, or the fact of being passed on in this way.
forward or onward movement toward a destination; can mean using new, more
In your opinion, what's more important:
In Ned's opinion, what's more important?
What's the American way?
What kind of a student was the narrator?
Read Ch. 5-7 for Tomorrow!
Chapter 5: "High School"
A judgment based on information and reasoning
Also thought of as "reading between the lines"
"Neddie, you're almost as bright as a little white child," said Ned's teachers (29). Make an inference: what were they really saying to Ned?
What did Ned want to be when he grew up?
According to Ned, what are two good things about high school?
Which social studies paper does he remember?
What did the high school students do for the Japanese (31)?
Chapter 9: "The Blessingway"
metaphor: A comparison between two unlike things that does not use "like" or "as".
Some people called Ned "Ant". Why do you think they used this expression?
Ch. 10: "Boot Camp"
1. Why does Ned say it was probably easier for the Navajo recruits to be yelled at than the white men (61)?
2. What surprised Ned about Georgia Boy (66)? Why?
Chapter 11: "Code School"
Ned refers to the Marines as "leathernecks" and "jarheads." Why do you think these nicknames were given?
Chapter 12: "Learning the Code"
Why did they only write on blackboards and throw away anything with writing (76)?
In your opinion, what's the value of knowing more than one language?
Chapter 13: Shipping out to Hawaii
How was Ned's dream about becoming a marine different from the reality (87)?
Write one paragraph describing three reasons why the reality is different from the expectation. Make sure to use an introduction and a closing (due Wednesday).
Pearl Harbor Movie:
Weapon fire coming from one's own side; fire that causes accidental injury or death to one's own forces.
How have the bilagaanas changed their views of the Navajos since Ned's time at school (137)?
How did Ned change his view of the bilagaanas (139)?
Read chapters 19-20 (SSR)
What did the Navajos teach the white men to do while in Saipan (145)?
What were the Marines warned about when they first approached Saipan (143)?
What were the Japanese civilians told about American soldiers (144)? How is this similar to what the American soldiers were warned about the Japanese?
Chapter 21: "Guam"
1. Summarize what Ned tells us about the history of Guam (147-148).
2. What bothered Ned so much about the Japanese soldiers (148)?
3. What is one difference between how the American troops attacked and how the Japanese troops attacked (152)?
5. What happened to Charlie Begay?
Why was it necessary for another soldier to put his dog tag in his mouth?
Chapter 22: "Fatigue"
Using the same format as Ned uses on pages 133-134, write a letter home from Ned's perspective explaining what happened to him.
Then, write a letter back (written by his little sister) showing how you think his family might react. This should be one page total!
Ch. 23-24 Audio
1. Name three challenges the Marines faced on the island of Pavavu.
able to be used/ able to live both on land and water.
Why did photographs of dead American soldiers remain out of newspapers for the first year America was part of WWII (166)?
What was the duty of a Japanese kamikaze pilot (166)?
a person who is killed or who suffers greatly for a religion, cause, etc.
What cultural difference does Ned reveal about the Japanese (169)?
Why does this difference concern Ned?
Ch. 24: "Iwo Jima"
How does Sam's anecdote about his ancestor's "ghost shirt" relate to the Japanese sennimbari?
Why do you think Bruchac included this anecdote in this chapter?
When he says "...our teachers... who watched us the way coyotes watch a prairie dog hole" (25-26), what does he mean?
What impression do you have of his teachers?
Read "Would We Be Killed" (10) and "Life on the Rez: It's Not What You Think" (15).
Go to YouTube: Pearl Harbor in Color - Rare Documentary (8:30-26:42)