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Microaggressions & Bullying

Discover and Address Daily Slights in the LGBT Community
by

Micah Johnson

on 5 November 2015

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Transcript of Microaggressions & Bullying

Microaggresions:
#BeyondBullying

Pushed down stairs. Books thrown down.
Called Names. "That's so gay"
Not allowed to go to Prom dressed as self. Locker Broken Into.
Microagressions:

"Death by a thousand papercuts"
(Sue, 2010)
Objectives
Be able to define types of microaggressions
and presence of heteronormativity.
Be able to identify the social and psychological implications of microaggressions.
Recognize opportunities and strategies for increasing cultural competence in social work practice in light of the course content.
"Brief and commonplace daily
verbal
behavioral
environmental
indignities that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults twoard members of oppressed groups. (Nadal, 2011)
?
!
microassault
microinsult
microinvalildation
(Sue, 2010)
Overt Forms of Discrimination

Examples:
"I will not have a lesbian daughter"
"Faggot" or "Dyke" "He/She"
Not allowed to wear rainbow colors
That's so gay.
Unknowingly sending
heterosexist/cissexist
messages (Nadal, 2011)
Exclusive wording on forms
Exclusive labels in communication "husband, wife"
Misgendering or using incorrect pronouns
No movies, literature, etc. with LGBT characters
"I don't know why he doesn't bring home a nice girl" or "The girl's restroom is over there."
Prom King & Queen
statements that negate or nullify the realities of members of oppressed groups (Nadal, 2011)
Male telling female "sexism doesn't exist"
Straight person to gay male "heterosexism doesn't exist"
If you didn't act/dress/talk so ___ you wouldn't...
(To a member of oppressed group)
You're making too big of a deal out of it.
(disclaimer)
Sexual orientation microaggressions include the following themes:
Use of heterosexist terminology
Endorsement of heteronormative culture and behaviors
Discomfort with or disapproval of LGBT experience
Assumption of sexual pathology and abnormality
(Sue, 2010)
Psychological and social implications (Sue, 2010):
Mental Health
Anger, frustration, self-esteem emotional turmoil
Hostile and invalidating campus climate
Perpetuate Stereotype Threat
Create Physical Health Problems
Saturate broader society with cues that signal devaulation of social group identities
Lower work productivity and problem solving
Did this really occur?

Should I respond to this micro aggression?

How should I respond?
confrontational
composed & deliberate
social support
Be open to discussing, exploring, & clarifying
(engender trust and seal a realtionship)

Healing and liberating effect on marginalized group members

Not "cover up" but "how to recover."
Social Work

Cluse-Tolar, et al., 2004

Hylton, 2004

Newman, Bogo, & Daley, 2008

Swank & Raiz, 2010

Chonody, Rutledge, & Siebert, 2009

Sue, 2010
BULLyING Defined:

Imbalance of Power
Intended to harm
Repetition
HRC study
What do we do?
Check your privilege
Use inclusive language/respect pronouns
Practice Allyship
Stand Up/Echo
Get Educated
Promote inclusive anti-bullying efforts
Participate in or encourage GSAs
Day of Silence: April 11th
Big change:
SSIA: March 31st
School Violence Prevention Act
Time Out Youth Center
www.timeoutyouth.org
GLSEN - Gay Lesbian Straight Education Network
www.glsen.org
GSA Network
www.gsanetwork.org
iNSIDEoUT
www.insideout180.org
OutRightYouth
www.outrightyouthcv.org
YouthOutRight
www.youthoutright.org
Full transcript