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Transcript of Learning Theories
and Social Learning
Theories The Director Erik Erickson The Director Lev Vygotsky - Social Development Theory The Director Howard Gardner -
Multiple Intelligences Theory Learning Theories How might we use these theories to help inform our instructional strategies and classroom environment? The Script: The Main Characters
The main characters are at the Formal Operational Stage. Students at this stage demonstrate logical thinking about abstract propositions. They are concerned with the hypothetical and the future and create hypothesis that they test. They benefit from hands-on-tasks and teachers focus is on the process rather than the product.
The Scenery The reviews are in... The classroom environment should be a safe place where students can explore the many issues that concern each of them and allow them to act out scenarios that might in turn, help them to deal with the many day to day issues that the intermediate learner faces! For example, role playing peer pressure situations such as trying drugs, helps to provide the students with some ideas as to how they might handle this type of situation in real life! Albert Bandura The Script The Main Characters
The main characters learn from each other often through observation and modeling. The Scenery
Knowing this, teachers provide many opportunities to have students collaborate and present to each other. Explicit teaching of how to provide constructive criticism to peers would be essential. Modeling and scaffolding of new concepts is beneficial. The Director Abraham Maslow -
Hierarchy of Needs Sources McLeod, S. A. (2009). Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html The Script The Main Characters: Scenery The Script The Main Characters Scenery The reviews are in... The Script: Main Characters Scenery The reviews are in... The Script: Verbal (linguistic) and Logical (mathematical) are traditionally what has been emphasized in classrooms
a more balanced curriculum that includes the arts, self-awareness, communication, and physical education would better highlight or allow all students to demonstrate intelligence
flexibility and differentiated instruction
it is not "How smart are you?" but rather "How are you smart?" The Characters and Scenery: The Closing Act: Erikson considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development
the intermediate learner is at the adolescent stage of development - Identity vs Role Confusion - Fideleity where development depends primarily upon what a person does many opportunities must be given to allow students ot develop or discover his/her own identity
providing topics that touch on issues of morality - what is right from wrong, allows them to reflect on perspectives other than their own
an environment that is multicultural and socially different then what they have previously experienced is also beneficial Applause... The intermediate learner constructs knowledge through social interaction
Students play an active role in learning The classroom environment should allow for collaboration and learning should be reciprocal between student and teacher
The use of Blooms Taxonomy, higher order questioning,scaffolding, peer teaching and brainstorming would all be good instructional strategies a structured and safe ( physical, emotional and psychological) classroom is imperative for students to feel safe to take risks
display goals and success criteria
differentiated instruction we must the first four levels of needs met before self- actualization can impact behaviour
goal oriented Social Learning Theory MKO - More Knowledgeable Other is defined as an individual who has better understanding of a given concept over another individual. ZPD - Zone of Proximal Development- learning occurs in this zone. It is the in-between stage of what children can do independently and where they require guidance and support to solve a problem. Learning Theories
Drama ABQ course assignment
Kathy OBrien http://greeneyezwinkin2.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/314.jpg Smith, Mark K. (2002, 2008) ‘Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences’, the encyclopedia of informal education,
http://www.infed.org/mobi/howard-gardner-multiple-intelligences-and-education. http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/sociallearning.htm http://psychology.about.com/library/bl_psychosocial_summary.htm McLeod, S. A. (2007). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html McLeod, S. A. (2008). Erik Erikson | Psychosocial Stages. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html