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S3 Kingdom of God

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Mr Docherty

on 5 October 2016

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Transcript of S3 Kingdom of God

The Kingdom of God
We will examine social issues in our world
using the Parable of the Sower.
Learning Objective
The Problem

Environmental damage and man-made climate change is one of the greatest problems facing our world. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) stated in 2014:

Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and since the 1950s, many of the observed changes are unprecedented over decades to millennia. The atmosphere and ocean have warmed, the amounts of snow and ice have diminished, and sea level has risen. {1.1}

The warmer oceans have led to unstable, catastrophic weather events such as hurricanes and the rising sea level causes deadly flooding in the coastal and river areas of many countries. These areas are often home to the poorest members of society who cannot afford to live in safer places. During natural disasters they suffer the most, especially women, children and the sick and elderly.

The Teaching of the Church

The opening of the Book of Genesis emphasises that God made a good, beautiful world and gave humankind a responsibility to look after Creation.

Poverty & Wealth

Make sure your answer includes:
1. A description of the problem
2. Why should the Church respond to the problem?
3. A practical suggestion about how the Church can help.
Task: Choose one of these issues
and write about it.
Today's Issues and Christian Beliefs
Poverty and Wealth: p122-137
Drugs: p117
Racism: p86-100
Sexism: p174
War: p154-169
Write a half page answer:

What one thing would you
change about the world
if you could?

Starter Task
Book of Kells

ca. 800, Ireland
John is symbolised by an eagle. John starts
with an eternal overview of Jesus the Logos ("The Meaning") and goes on to describe many things with a
"higher" level than the other three (synoptic)
gospels; it represents Jesus' Ascension,
and Christ's divine nature.

Mark is symbolised by a winged lion - a figure of courage and
monarchy. This represents Mark's depiction of Christ as king.

Matthew symbolised by a winged man, or angel.
Matthew's gospel starts with Jesus' genealogy
from Abraham; it represents Jesus' Incarnation,
and so Christ's human nature.

Luke is symbolised by a winged ox or bull
- a figure of sacrifice, service and strength.
It represents Jesus' sacrifice in His Passion
and Crucifixion, as well as Christ being High priest .

Kingdom - "a territory, state, people, or community ruled or reigned over by a king or queen"

Create a coat of arms
The Vatican

Coat of Arms

The cord with the bows that unites the grips alludes to the bond between the two powers.

The silver key indicates the spiritual authority of the papacy on earth

The gold key alludes to the power in the kingdom of the heavens

The triple crown (represents "the three powers of the Supreme Pontiff: his functions as "supreme priest", "supreme pastor" and "supreme teacher".

The crossed keys of gold and silver symbolise the keys of the kingdom of heaven promised to Saint Peter, with authority to bind and loose.

The gold cross surmounting the triple crowns symbolizes the crucifixion of Jesus.

The values of the Kingdom of God.

Key words

Interesting pictures and symbols
Blessed are the peacemakers: they shall be recognised as children of God.
Blessed are those who are persecuted in the cause of uprightness: the kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
'Blessed are you when people abuse you and persecute you and speak all kinds of calumny against you falsely on my account.
Rejoice and be glad, for your reward will be great in heaven; this is how they persecuted the prophets before you.

Blessed are the poor in spirit: the kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
Blessed are the gentle: they shall have the earth as inheritance.
Blessed are those who mourn: they shall be comforted.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for uprightness: they shall have their fill.
Blessed are the merciful: they shall have mercy shown them.
Blessed are the pure in heart: they shall see God.

The joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the people of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ. Indeed, nothing genuinely human fails to raise an echo in their hearts….United in Christ, they are led by the Holy Spirit in their journey to the Kingdom of their Father and they have welcomed the news of salvation which is meant for everyone.

Gaudium et Spes (Joy & Hope)

The Parable of the Sower
Matthew 13: 1-23

That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the lake. Such large crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat in it, while all the people stood on the shore. Then he told them many things in parables, saying: “A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. Some fell on rocky places, where it did not have much soil. It sprang up quickly, because the soil was shallow. But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered because they had no root. Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up and choked the plants. Still other seed fell on good soil, where it produced a crop—a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown. Whoever has ears, let them hear.”

Luke 17:20-21
(20) Asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God was to come, he gave them this answer, 'The coming of the kingdom of God does not admit of observation

(21) and there will be no one to say, "Look, it is here! Look, it is there!" For look, the kingdom of God is among you.'

Matthew 22:34-40
(34) But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees they got together

(35) and, to put him to the test, one of them put a further question,

(36) 'Master, which is the greatest commandment of the Law?'

(37) Jesus said to him, 'You must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.

(38) This is the greatest and the first commandment.

(39) The second resembles it: You must love your neighbour as yourself.

(40) On these two commandments hang the whole Law, and the Prophets too.'

Luke 18:24-25
(24) Jesus looked at him and said, 'How hard it is for those who have riches to make their way into the kingdom of God!

(25) Yes, it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for someone rich to enter the kingdom of God.'

Matthew 24:36-44

34 In truth I tell you, before this generation has passed away, all these things will have taken place.

35 Sky and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.

36 But as for that day and hour, nobody knows it, neither the angels of heaven, nor the Son, no one but the Father alone.

37 'As it was in Noah's day, so will it be when the Son of man comes.

38 For in those days before the Flood people were eating, drinking, taking wives, taking husbands, right up to the day Noah went into the ark,

39 and they suspected nothing till the Flood came and swept them all away. This is what it will be like when the Son of man comes.

40 Then of two men in the fields, one is taken, one left;

41 of two women grinding at the mill, one is taken, one left.

42 'So stay awake, because you do not know the day when your master is coming.

43 You may be quite sure of this, that if the householder had known at what time of the night the burglar would come, he would have stayed awake and would not have allowed anyone to break through the wall of his house.

44 Therefore, you too must stand ready because the Son of man is coming at an hour you do not expect.

Matthew 25:31-36

31 'When the Son of man comes in his glory, escorted by all the angels, then he will take his seat on his throne of glory.

32 All nations will be assembled before him and he will separate people one from another as the shepherd separates sheep from goats.

33 He will place the sheep on his right hand and the goats on his left.

34 Then the King will say to those on his right hand, "Come, you whom my Father has blessed, take as your heritage the kingdom prepared for you since the foundation of the world.

35 For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you made me welcome,

36 lacking clothes and you clothed me, sick and you visited me, in prison and you came to see me."

(18) 'So pay attention to the parable of the sower.

(19) When anyone hears the word of the kingdom without understanding, the Evil One comes and carries off what was sown in his heart: this is the seed sown on the edge of the path.

(20) The seed sown on patches of rock is someone who hears the word and welcomes it at once with joy. (21) But such a person has no root deep down and does not last; should some trial come, or some persecution on account of the word, at once he falls away.

(22) The seed sown in thorns is someone who hears the word, but the worry of the world and the lure of riches choke the word and so it produces nothing.

(23) And the seed sown in rich soil is someone who hears the word and understands it; this is the one who yields a harvest and produces now a hundredfold, now sixty, now thirty.'

Decoding the Parable - which elements stand for which ideas?

The Farmer
Seed among thorn bushes
Seed along the path
Seed on good soil
Seed on rocky ground
The Seed

The person who hears but does not bother.
The person who tries to follow God’s teaching for a while but then gives up.
The person who listens but enjoys having a good time more.
The word of God.
The person who listens and leads a life of faith.

Word Count
300-500 words
1. What’s your confirmation name?

2. Why did you choose this name?

3. Before you get your worksheets
Name the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.
Confirmation Names - Discuss

Wonder and Awe
Right Judgement

7 Gifts of the Spirit

33 He told them another parable, 'The kingdom of Heaven is like the yeast a woman took and mixed in with three measures of flour till it was leavened all through.'

Parable of the Yeast

Marking Scheme

It can be helpful to get some feedback from someone working at our own level. (Doesn’t replace teacher feedback).
When we review someone else’s version of a task we have completed, it gives us another insight into our own work.
Giving and receiving feedback is an important life/study skill.


Helping each other to learn

Peer Assessment

Total marks available = 10


Describe the problem

2 marks – clear definition & example
1 mark – vague definition
0 mark – problem not described.


State why Christians should respond to this problem.

2 marks – mentions Christian values and
Jesus’ actions/teachings.
1 mark – refers to Christian values
0 mark – no statement of why Christians
should respond.


0, 1 or 2 marks

Handwriting clear, very few mistakes


Propose some specific solutions that Christians could carry out.

2 marks – Sensible suggestions given in detail, for individuals or communities.
1 mark – Brief suggestion of one response.
0 marks – no suggestions given.

Style & Structure

0, 1 or 2 marks

Complete sentences, spelling, easy to read, paragraphs used for different sections.

21 The eye cannot say to the hand, “I don’t need you!” And the head cannot say to the feet, “I don’t need you!” 22 On the contrary, those parts of the body that seem to be weaker are indispensable, 23 and the parts that we think are less honourable we treat with special honour. And the parts that are
unpresentable are treated with special modesty, 24 while our presentable parts need no special treatment. But God has put the body together, giving greater honour to the parts that lacked it, 25 so that there should be no division in the body, but that its parts should have equal concern for each other. 26 If one part suffers, every part suffers with it; if one part is honoured, every part rejoices with it.
27 Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it.

12 Just as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one body, so it is with Christ. 13 For we were all baptised by one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and
we were all given the one Spirit to drink. 14 Even so the body is not made up of one part but of many.
15 Now if the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body. 16 And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be? If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be? 18 But in fact God has placed the parts in the body, every one of them, just as he wanted them to be. 19 If they were all one part, where would the body be? 20 As it is, there are many parts, but one body.

27 God created man in the image of himself, in the image of God he created him, male and female he created them.

28 God blessed them, saying to them, 'Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth and subdue it. Be masters of the fish of the sea, the birds of heaven and all the living creatures that move on earth.'

29 God also said, 'Look, to you I give all the seed-bearing plants everywhere on the surface of the earth, and all the trees with seed-bearing fruit; this will be your food.

30 And to all the wild animals, all the birds of heaven and all the living creatures that creep along the ground, I give all the foliage of the plants as their food.' And so it was.

31 God saw all he had made, and indeed it was very good. Evening came and morning came: the sixth day.

This suggests God created order and intended man to live peacefully and safely on the world, living in harmony with nature.

The damage to the environment, which often comes through our artificial, industrial way of life, takes away from the Creation of God. It shows a lack of respect for God, people and the natural world. Christians should therefore find ways to reduce, stop or reverse the effects of man-made climate change. What can be done?
Practical Responses

There are many things that Christians can do.

1. As an individual they can ensure that they don't litter or waste natural resources such as food, water or fossil fuels (which we use to get electricity).

2. As a local parish they can raise awareness, pray, fundraise or perhaps even host a recycling facility in their church car park. The parish could get solar panels and make sure that they have low-energy light bulbs and so on.

3. As a global community the church's prayers can lead to action in partnership with governments and businesses to make better laws in support of the environment.
Josephus was a 1st century Roman-Jewish historian. Buried deep in Book 20 of his Antiquities of the Jews is a passing reference to the execution of “the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, whose name was James”.
Homework Task

The four gospels have traditionally been represented by 4 images/symbols.

1. Find out what the four symbols are.
2. Sketch them in your jotter or print them on paper.
3. Write a sentence for each one, explaining how the picture relates to the gospel.
Matthew 13:44-47

44 “The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which someone found and hid; then in his joy he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant in search of fine pearls; 46 on finding one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and bought it.

47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and caught fish of every kind;

Summarise the message of these parables
Matthew 13:33
New International Version (NIV)

He told them still another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty pounds[a] of flour until it worked all through the dough.”
Full transcript