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Globalization

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Jason Isaacs

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Globalization

GLOBALIZATION
a process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a global network of communication, transportation, and trade.
"Economic Liberalization"
The pursuit of Free Market policies in the world economy
"Americanization"
The growing dominance of western (even American) forms of political, economic, and cultural life (westerniztion)
Technological Advancement
"Internet Revolution"
The Proliferation of new technologies
"Global Intergration"
The notion that humanity stands at the threshold of realizing one single unified community in which major sources of social conflict have vanished
Alterations in humanity's experiences of space and time are working to undermine the importance of local and even national boundaries in many areas of human endeavour
Acculturation
Transculturation
Cultural modification of group or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture
Homogenization
The erasing of differences. Applied to people it refers to the erasing of cultural differences so that peoples become more and more similar.
Free Trade: when two or more countries eliminate barriers to trade (tariffs and taxes) on goods and services
"Why is it that you white people have so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?" (Yali's Question)
Global Media
(communications Technology)
Pop Culture
Hybridization
Assimilation
Marginalization
DISPARITY
Infotech disparities between regions of the world in relation to generalized rates of social and technological development.
Includes physical access to technology, but also the resources, skills, and knowledge necessary to effectively participate.
The social process of becoming marginal:
relegated or confined to a lower social standing, pushed to the edge of society. Material deprivation is the most common result of marginalization.
"Popular Culture": Current cultural trends that are spread by commerical mass media.
The loss of the cultural identity of a minority group as its members take on the identity of the DOMINANT CULTURE
The combination of elements of two or more different things to create something new.
Karen Schartz, Miss Peru, wearing a Bolivian inspired 'national dress' at Miss Universe pagent.
"Westernization"
Accomodation
when people from different cultures come into contact and accept and create space for one another.
Cultural Diversification
Growth of ethnic, racial, cultural variety (diversity) within a society
Globalization as:
PROCESS: those who favour globalism use technology and political and economic liberalization to make globalization a reality. (intentionally directed)
PHENOMENON: that manifests the extrememly intracate interconnectedness of human life across the planet. Compressing time and space. (multi-causal; to be observed)
PHILOSOPHY: (Globalism) belief that human expectations are converging and globalization is inevitable and therefore we should seek to integrate our economies and standardize politicial institutions and structures globally.
RESPONSES TO GLOBALIZATION:
Hyper-globalists:
think that globalization is overwhelmingly positive;they support increasing the scale and rate of globalization in the world.

Globalists:
admit that globalization causes some serious problems, but believe that, overall, globalization is a positive force presenting more advantages than disadvantages.

Alter-globalists:
believe that globalization currently does more harm than good, but do not want to stop or undo globalization; they want to make it better.

Rejectionists (Anti-globalists):
think that all forms of globalization are negative and want to reverse or undo the harm caused by globalization.
Full transcript