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Copy of The Great Depression and the New Deal

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Nida Kazmi

on 3 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of The Great Depression and the New Deal

(p. 244)

"[...] the physical settings of men's living has improved."

"Technology has made us more productive,[...]."

"Engineers can built great dams, [...]."

"[...]they have it in their hands to use the machine to augment the dignity of human existence."

"[...]that poverty and physical wretchedness are evils, in and of themselves."

"Whether happiness or unhappiness, [...] depends largely upon how the change has been brought about, [...]."
Historical Background
Woody Guthrie "This Land is Your Land" (1940)
Franklin D. Roosevelt "Fireside Chat" (1934)
Documenting the Depression
David E. Lilienthal TVA: Democracy on the March ( 1944 )
Langston Hughes "Ballad of Roosevelt" (1934)
Richard N. Wright "Between the world and me" (1934)
Mike Gold "The Second American Renaissance" (1941)
Sources
- born in July, 1899
- immigrated from Czechoslovakia

- co-director of TVA
- envisioned programs for flood control, provision of
cheap electricity, education of farmers in modern
techniques, etc.

- reduce extreme poverty with economical
improvement
- technology made people more productive
- changes can be done for the people, by the people,
with the people


Which arguments does Lilienthal list to prove that material progress can be good? (p. 244)
- born in September, 1908

- great novelist, short story writer,
poet and essayist
- hardship and unpleasantness formed his ideas
became central themes of his literary works
- focused on issues dealing with blacks
in the society


- black man discovers a crime scene as a belated
witness
- tragedy occurs; protagonist becomes witness

Which expressions are symbolizing 'death'?
The Great Depression and the New Deal
Pictures:
1)http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/latinos/mexican-migrant-1937.jpg
2)http://lcweb2.loc.gov/service/pnp/fsa/8b32000/8b32400/8b32423v.jpg
3) http://0.tqn.com/d/history1900s/1/0/a/gd45.gif
4)http://www.encore-editions.com/portrait-of-richard-wright
5)http://www.nndb.com/people/166/000119806/
Texts:
see Course Syllabus
Definitions:
Agnes, M. (ed.). Webster’s New World Dictionary and Thesaurus. 2nd Edition. Hungry Minds, Inc..New York. 2002.
Reviewing Key Terms
- "This Land Is Your Land" written in 1940
- Guthrie was irritated by Irving Berlin's "God Bless America", which was played in late 1930s
- Song first named "God Bless America For Me"
Black Thursday
What were Guthrie's intentions when he wrote this song ?
Why was ''This Land Is Your Land'' seen as kind of a National Anthem ?
- born April 12, 1894 in New York City
- American communist, novelist and literary critic
- probably most important figure associated with literary left in 1930s

- ''The Second American Renaissance'' from 1941 as
a call for people during the Great Depression
- hope to reshape American Culture
- ''...our literature set forth on a second discovery of America.'' (p. 482, fifth paragraph)
-> using Literature to end the war

What are the ''Great people's movements that have influenced the national culture '' that Gold refers to ?
"The American Dream"
The New Deal
TVA
Lynching
When? Started October, 24th 1929 with the Wall Street Crash, also known as the Black Friday, until late 1930s / middle of the 1940s.

What? Longest, most widespread and deepest depression of the 20th century, unemployment rises to 25 % in the US

Where? Spread from the US over most of the Western industrial countries.

Why? Little agreement on cause, topic became highly politicize

'' Are you better off than you were last year?''


What is the effect of approaching the audience?


It is personal
They feel important- like a part of the government
Consciously think of the question


Roosevelt explains his critics that he uses practical policies and that this is ''a fulfillment of old and tested American ideal.'' To illustrate this he talks about the renovation of the White House.

What does he try to convey?

The new enactments continue the values and ideals of the Declaration of Independence.

'bones slumbering forgottenly
'charred stump of a sapling'
'torn tree limbs'
'stony skull'
'now I am dry bones and my face a stony skull staring in yellow surprise at the sun'
Definition of a Ballad
A ballad is a poem that recounts a story- generally some dramatic episode- in form of a song. (in simple language/ folk song)
Hughes criticizes the unfulfilled promises that FDR had made to the poor.


Hughes criticizes the unfulfilled promises that FDR had made to the poor.

FDR summarizes the achievements of the Seventy- Third Congress :

Relief & recovery and reform& reconstruction

To prove the success of his program people should think of their personal situation/ development.
Langston Hughes ( Feb 1, 1902- May 22, 1967)
American Poet
Social activist
Leader of the Harlem Renaissance & innovator of the literary art form Jazz Poetry
How was it tried to be solved?
* FDR's New Deal (1932) brought hope to the people, it consisted of 3 "R's": Relief, Recovery and Reform
* "Second New Deal" (1935-38) more liberal and controversial, which brings Social Security Act (1935) and Wagner Act

Who?
Affected different groups in different ways
> for TV residents & citizens across the West, public work programs brought hydroelectric power and economic growth
> women, although told to stay home, expand female labor force
> industrial workers, start a wave of strikes and unionization campaigns
> African-Americans benefit from New Deal Relief program, but government fails to address lynching and racial discrimination
> Mexican-born farm workers: a lot get deported; they organize strikes for better wages & working conditions
> Native Americans: tribes legal status gets restored, groundwork for future enterprises and treaty claims
- born July 14, 1912 in Okemah, Oklahoma
- American singer- songwriter
- many of his songs are about experiences in
Dust Bowl era during the Great Depression
Full transcript