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Separation Anxiety

This presentations gives an overview about Separation Anxiety Disorder, and it's causes & characteristics.
by

Sulafa Kaddoura

on 30 December 2010

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Transcript of Separation Anxiety

Separation
Anxiety disorder So, what is it? It is the development of anxiety and distress in children when separated from a familiar place or from a person with which they have formed a special and affectionate relationship.

In contrast to common belief, Separation Anxiety and Separation Anxiety Disorders are two different things. Normal Separation Anxiety Separation Anxiety is actually a developmental stage during which the latter anxiety is exhibited when separation occurs. Separation Anxiety takes place during the first few months of an infants development and usually lasts till about two years of age.
Abnormal separation anxiety Separation Anxiety only becomes a disporder when the separation reaction, or anxiety attack, causes excessive distress, fear, and reluctance to conduct daily routines. interesting! but what does it look like? This is a video of a child displaying mild/normal anxiety after the departure of the parent How does separation anxiety come to happen? Between 4-7 months of age, children develop the concept of "object permanence" - a term coined by Piaget describing the developmental understanding that objects & events continue to exist, wven when they cannot directly be seen, heard or touched object permanence children start to think that when they can't see you, you're gone. at that age, they do not have a developmental understanding of time, so they don't know when and if you're coming back. what does this mean? what causes it to happen? references http://www.anxietybc.com/parent/separation.php references http://www.medicinenet.com/separation_anxiety/article.htm

Child Development, Fall 2010 combination of genetic and environmental vulrenabilities rather than by one single thing most common in children with family histories of anxiety, and children whose mothers were stressed during pregnancy children diagnosed with SAD generally come from homes of low socioeconomic status changes in surrounding environments - house, school, daycar, caregiver etc. stress also is a prominent cause of SAD; usually triggered by the loss of a loved one -family member, pet, friend), switching schools etc. an over-protective parent can also be a subtle cause of SAD - parents and children can feed one anothers' anxieties references http://www.medicinenet.com/separation_anxiety/page3.htm what are the symptoms of SAD? worries
& fears Refusals
& Sickness Persistent and excessive worrying about losing or possible harm befalling major attachment figures

Excessive worry that an unexpected event will lead to permanent separation (ex: getting lost or kidnapped)

repeated nightmares involving the theme of separation Reluctance and refusal to go to school or anywhere

Excessive fear of separation - child becomes very clingy

Repeated complaints of physical symptoms (ex: headaches, nausea, stomach aches, vomiting) The main symptom of SAD is excessive distress when separation occurs, however, the rest of the symptoms can be divided into two main categories, as seen below.
(A child must suffer from a minimum of three of those to have SAD can it be
treated? Yes it can be treatd, usually with counselling rather than medication Children may feel a sense of failure - as if the disorder is their fault. counselling can help children become aware of and address their feelings of failure and self-blame Play Therapy - therapeutic use of play is an effective way to get children to talk about their feelings Psychotherapy, medication and parent counselling and effective treatments; especially in combination cognitive behavior therapy can teach children new skills to reduce anxiety; help the child become aware of and to describe negative thoughts, feelings or reactions
http://www2.massgeneral.org/schoolpsychiatry/info_separationanxiety.asp#treated_counseling http://web.archive.org/web/20060613055730/behavenet.com/capsules/disorders/sepanxdis.htm Presentation Done by: Hope you enjoyed it! sulafa kaddoura this video is an example of a child in distress because he doesn't want to separate from his mother this video is a great example of different examples of play therepy and how it looks like Freud described anxiety a "reaction to situations of danger". He claimed that the ego was the "seat of anxiety", because it produced anxiety according to its needs. anxiety is a product of psychial helplessness. The mother's body satisfied the fetus' needs (biological dependency), as well as the infant's (psychial object-relation). thus, the child's dependency on the mother for all their needs is the reason that anxiety is triggered by separation
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