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Poetic Devices / Figurative Language
Transcript of Poetic Devices / Figurative Language
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of two or more words.
Consonants are any letter that is NOT a vowel:
a, e, i, o, u
The repetition of vowel sounds.
a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y
"Rise high in the bright sky"
repeats the long vowel /i/
An exaggeration or overstatement used to emphasize a point, evoke (create) strong feelings and illustrate a stronger image.
I was bored to death.
My backpack weighed a ton.
A strong description using vivid language to paint a picture that the reader can visualize.
Appeals to the senses (see, hear, taste, touch/feel, smell)
There was blood and guts
But here's what really got me:
he had pretty eyes
and they glistened still
from "Squished Squirrel Poem"
by Ralph Fletcher
Comparing two unlikely things.
Unlike a simile, you are saying that something IS another thing.
The poet is a bird "Soaring high, / Up into the / Limitless sky."
From "The Bird"
by Ernesto Santiago
The use of words that sound like what they mean.
The loudness in the road.
From "Cynthia in the Snow"
by Gwendolyn Brooks
Giving human qualities to something that is:
inanimate (not alive)
abstract (thoughts and feelings)
But I pictured my lost poems / scurrying on little feet
from "Lost Poems" by Ralph Fletcher
Repeating a sound, word, phrase, line, or stanza in a poem
Repetition is used to:
Emphasize something that is important
Clarify (or make clearer) certain ideas
Help make a poem visually attractive
Create a better rhythm or flow in the poem
Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
from "Do not go gentle into that good night"
by Dylan Thomas
Two or more words that end in the same sound.
is the pattern of the rhyming lines.
(ex: ABAB, ABBA, ABCABC)
He gives his harness bells a shake
To ask if there is some mistake.
The only other sound's the sweep
Of easy wind and downy flake.
The woods are lovely, dark, and deep.
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep.
And miles to go before I sleep.
from "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"
by Robert Frost
A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked;
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?
Comparing two unlike things using like, as, than, etc...
I was as hungry as a bear.
What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
from "A Dream Deferred"
by Langston Hughes
The repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the
of a word.
of bad lu
my tape de
from Zealots by the Fugees