Transcript of Where did the Greeks get their myths?
Where did the Greeks get their myths? First off, Most people believe that myths were created exactly how they are today long ago by some genius poet...... but really myths are invented, told, and then start to travel. And as they travel they are borrowed, reshaped and then retold, changing constantly. Newly found discoveries in archaeology and literature show that greek mythology has evolved from bits and pieces of some near eastern civilizations. like the..... egyptians. mesopatamians. phoenicians. Since the greeks are so close to the sea they mastered trade and travel.As they traveled they came back with samples of the foreign cultures and religions. Greece had become a mythological melting pot. The first civilization to flourish in greece was the Minoans on Crete. The Minoan period was around 3000 bce, close to the same time as the egyptians and mesopotamians. They mysteriously disappeared in 1400 bce. In the 20th century, Arthur Evans found a palace that had many paintings of young people doing flips over a bull which showed how the minoans worshiped a bull cult and had rodeos to show it. The paintings provided a way to explain the greek's Minotaur (half man, half bull). The minoans traveled by sea to do business in egypt. They had their deities, a sea god and an earth god, that the Greeks later referred to as Poseidon and Rhea. Once the Minoans died off the Mycenaeans came in a conquered Greece. They were seen as war-loving, chariot driving people. The idea of hostile takeover comes from them. The mycenaeans brought their own gods to greece, which were zeus the sky father, Demeter the earth mother and Hestia the virgin goddess of the hearth. Demeter later turned into Hera as the earth mother and the fertility goddess. And they kept Zeus the same. When the Mycenaeans and other groups died off in 1200 bce the Dark age began because they lost the knowledge of how to write in greek until 800 bce. A little after 800 bce the two great epics, The Illiad and The odyssey were written down for the first time, along with the work of Hesiod. The dark ages led to the Archaic Age, which now includes a written language and city-centers where centers for trade and religion were established. There was tons of development in greek history at this time. The next era was the classical period that centered in athens. Some things that happened in the period are: Greeks beat the persiansFull transcript
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philosopheres like aristotle, plato, and Socrates began to walk the streets of Athens and establish their schools the great trio playwrights- aeschylus,sophocles, and Euripides. They honored agricultural god, Dionysus In all these eras myths play a central role in Greek life. They provide a bond that no central Greek government could ever provide. As the dark ages ended so did people's belief in the Greek gods... and thats where we are today. So..... back to our question. How do you think it applies?