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Transcript of CPR Project
10.Identify the ABC’s of CPR, AND describe the meaning of each letter below in a complete sentence. ( 9 points )
A – “Airway: Clear the airway”
B – “Breathing: Breathe for the person”
C – “Circulation: Restore blood circulation with chest compressions”
11. Identify the 4 differences in administering CPR to a child (age 1-8 years) rather than an adult. ( 8 points )
1. “If you're alone, perform five cycles of compressions and breaths on the child — this should take about two minutes — before calling 911 or your local emergency number or using an AED.”
2. “Use only one hand to perform heart compressions.”
3. “Breathe more gently.”
4. “After five cycles (about two minutes) of CPR, if there is no response and an AED is available, apply it and follow the prompts. Use pediatric pads if available.”
12. The most common cause of cardiac arrest in infants is due to the lack of oxygen. What are the two most common causes of lack of oxygen in infants? ( 4 points )
13. How do the rescue efforts differ when rescuing a baby if you are the only rescuer or if there is an additional rescuer? ( 4 points )
A. “If you're the only rescuer and CPR is needed, do CPR for two minutes — about five cycles — before calling 911 or your local emergency number.”
B. “If another person is available, have that person call for help immediately while you attend to the baby.”
14. How does breathing for a baby differ from that of an adult or child? ( 3 points ) “Use the strength of your cheeks to deliver gentle puffs of air (instead of deep breaths from your lungs) to slowly breathe into the baby's mouth one time, taking one second for the breath.”
PART THREE: Adult Summary ( 5 points )You should shake the victim to see if they are awake. Have someone call 911. You should pump the chest with both hands, fingers locked 30 times to the beat of “Staying Alive” (100 times per minute) 2 inches deep. Then you tilt the head and lift the chin, pinch nose and cover mouth to give 2 rescue breaths while watching chest rise. Keep repeating this until help arrives.
Infant Summary ( 5 points )You tap the foot to see if the victim is awake. Have someone call 911. You should pump the chest with 2 fingers 30 times to the beat of “Staying Alive” (100 times per minute) 1 ½ inches deep. Then you tilt the head and lift the chin, cover nose and mouth to give 2 rescue breaths while watching chest rise. Keep repeating this until help arrives.
Children Summary ( 5 points )
You should shake the victim to see if they are awake. Have someone call 911. You should pump the chest with the heel of one hand 30 times to the beat of “Staying Alive” (100 times per minute) 2 inches deep. Then you tilt the head and lift the chin, pinch nose and cover mouth to give 2 rescue breaths while watching chest rise. Keep repeating this until help arrives.
PART FOUR: Choking Prevention
To help prevent choking, there are a few safety measures we can employ. List at least five ways to prevent choking. ( 5 points )
1.“Don't drink too much alcohol before eating. It may dull your senses, and you might not chew food properly or might try to swallow too large a portion of food.”
2.“Take small bites. Cut meat into small pieces. Chew your food thoroughly.”
3.“Do not give popcorn, nuts, or hard candy to children younger than 4, and supervise older children when they eat these foods. Cut hot dogs and grapes lengthwise.”
4.“Do not give young children small objects that may cause choking, such as marbles or jacks.”
5.“Keep balloons and plastic bags away from any child who may put them in his or her mouth.”
Signs of Choking
1. What is the universal sign for choking? ( 2 points )
Both hands around neck like you are choking yourself
2. In addition to the universal sign for choking, there are some other signs that indicate a person is choking. Please discuss three of them. ( 3 points )
A.“Person cannot breathe, cough or speak”
B.“Person makes high pitched sounds when breathing”
C.“Lips and finger nails may become blue”
Choking Rescue Procedure: The Heimlich Maneuver
1. Describe the technique for giving the Heimlich maneuver for a conscious choking victim. ( 3 points )
A. “Ask, “Are you choking?” If the person gestures yes, stand behind the person, wrapping your arms around the person’s waist.”
B. “Make a fist with one hand, hold it with the other hand against the person’s abdomen between the navel and lower end of breast bone”
C. “Provide quick, upward and inward abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) until the food or object is forced out.”
2. If a choking person becomes unconscious, what steps should be taken to secure them assistance? ( 5 points )
1.“Call 911 or local EMS”
2.“Return to the person”
3.“Lay the person flat on his or her back”
4.“Open his or her mouth”
5.“Remove the object if you see it”
Can You Save Yourself? Performing the Heimlich On Yourself
1)If you are choking and are alone, you can perform the Heimlich maneuver on yourself. What are two possible ways that could be utilized to dislodge the obstruction in your throat? ( 4 points )
1. “Use your fists to do thrusts on yourself”
2. “Lean over the back of a chair and press hard to pop out the object”