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Sc.6.L.15.1: Analyze and describe how and why organisms are

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Christina Chiossone

on 6 February 2015

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Transcript of Sc.6.L.15.1: Analyze and describe how and why organisms are

Why do we classify living things?
Scientists classify living things according to similar
structures
and
functions
.

Physical Characteristics
can indicate that two organisms are similar or related.


Essential Question
How are organisms classified?
Today...
Scientists use an
eight-level
system to classify living things.
There are three Domains:
A domain represents the largest differences in organisms
Early Classification systems
Aristotle first grouped animals according to
the way they moved
Classification of Living Things
SC.6.L.15.1: Analyze and describe how and why organisms are classified according to shared characteristics with emphasis on the Linnaean system combined with the concept of domains
Eukaryotic Kingdoms
Plantae
Multicellular organisms that make their own food. (Autotrophs)
Fungi
Single-celled or multicellular organisms that get energy by absorbing materials and have cells with cell walls but no chloroplasts.
Protista
Single-celled or simple multicellular organisms such as algae, protozoans, and slime molds.

Animalia
Multicellular organisms that lack cell walls, are typically able to move around, and have specialized sense organs.

How can you remember the eight-level system???
D
ear
K
ing
P
hilip
C
ame

O
ver
F
or
G
reat
S
paghetti

D
omain
K
ingdom
P
hyum
C
lass
O
rder
F
amily
G
enus
S
pecies
What's in a name?
Carolus Linnaeus simplified classification with a two-part scientific name.

"I Do" Right- Hand Side
Collaborative "You Do"
You and a partner will complete a Web Quest.

Using the provided websites you and your partner will complete the worksheet.

http://sciencespot.net/
Bell Ringer
(Answer)

1. Which of the following identifies the levels of classification in the correct order?
A. Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
B. Domain, Phylum, Kingdom, Order, Class, Genus, Family, Species
C. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Family, Domain, Order, Species, Genus
D. Genus, Species, Phylum, class, Oder, Family, Domain, Kingdom

2. What two levels of classification make up the scientific name?
A. Kingdom and Phylum
B. Phylum and Genus
C. Genus and Species
D. Family and Species

3. Who is known as the father of taxonomy
A. Albert Einstein
B. Carolus Linnaeus
C. Isaac Newton
D. Galileo Galilei

Classification Quiz
1. Which of the following identifies the levels of classification in correct order?
A. domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
B. genus, species, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family
C. domain, kingdom, genus, species, phylum, class, order, family
D. genus, species, phylum, class, order, family, domain, kingdom

2. What two levels of classification make up the scientific name?
A. Kingdom and Phylum
B. Phylum and Genus
C. Genus and Species
D. Family and Species

3. How do scientists classify living things based on characteristics?
Full transcript