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Transcript of Canadian Civics
By: Rachel Harrison Guide to Citizenship Canadian:
-Law The fundamental
principles of... Introduction Canadian Civics courses are basically
about Canadian citizenship. They focus
on three parts of this: Canadian government, politics and law.
Canadian citizenship is about respecting who we are as Canadians as well as the
laws and systems we have to maintain democracy and humanity in our nation. Government Politics Law The Constitution/Charter of Rights
and Freedoms Conclusion Canadian Civics courses include information that is very important for Canadians to know. Some of the most important information from each section is public and private sectors, the five major parties and the Constitution/Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Public and Private sectors: In Canada, there are two sectors: private and public. The private sector consists of things that individuals own and the owners set the policies for them. The public sector is things that the government controls, these things belong to the people. In Canada, the public sector includes public schools, government businesses and healthcare. Having a large public sector, like in Canada, means the taxes are slightly higher, but you don't have to pay for things like hospital visits.
This is the most important part of the Government section because one of Canada's identifying features is having a large public sector, especially free healthcare. It is an important part of Canadian life and contributes to our image on the world stage. Public Sector Private Sector Public schools Healthcare Mail Public parks Houses Factories Planes/
Airlines Restaurants What's public and what's private? The Five Major Parties Center Left Right -small government
-tough on crime,
-senate reform -carbon tax -replace soldiers
-balanced budget in Afghanistan with
-some tough punishments peace keepers
-some rehab -a lot of social programs -rehabilitation and
-higher taxes crime prevention
-modern values -a lot of social programs -United Nations
-rehabilitation playing a bigger role
-modern values -higher taxes -modern values
-large government -rights of Quebecois
-rehab and crime - supports United Nations
prevention - stay out of global conflicts
-Quebec separatism Canada has five major political parties and it is crucial to know what these party's values are for voting. If young people do not know about the different parties, they have no way of knowing who to vote for when they turn 18. This can discourage youth from voting. What are the five parties? What are their values? The Conservative Party of Canada (currently in power) Liberal Party of Canada New Democratic Party Bloc Québécois Green Party of Canada In 1982 a new constitution was approved, including the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau created the Charter. Trudeau put many important human rights laws in it.
A constitution is the most important law in the land because no one is above it. It is also really important to know what human rights we have, so that we can ensure that we are given them. For these reasons the Constitution/Charter of Rights and Freedoms is the most important thing to learn about in the Law portion of Civics. What human rights
do I have? Some key human rights are:
Everyone has the right to freedom of belief, religious conscience, of peaceful assembly and of the press etc.
No discrimination against race, nationality, ethnic origin, religion, sex, age or disability The right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned.
In an election of members of the House of Commons or of a legislative assembly Fundamental freedoms: Right to vote: Everyone is equal before or under the law: = to = to (official opposition) Thanks for watching and I hope you enjoyed my presentation!