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AP US History - Social Movements Presentation


Blake F

on 19 October 2012

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Transcript of AP US History - Social Movements Presentation

Reform Movements:
Schools & Prisons By Phoebe Jones, Ryan Key, Visar Mehmeti, and Xavier Flournoy An Overview: In the mid-1800s, American citizens decided that they needed to implement some changes. Sure, things had worked well enough until then, but the old ways had to go! We're going to focus on schools and prisons. (Which, surprisingly enough, aren't the same.) School Reform
in the 1800s to 1900s The Leaders The Methods The Results Prison Reform in the 1800s to 1900s The Leaders The Methods The Results Now, it's time for something ...slightly different. And that's all, folks! Or is it? Keeping reform going is up to you. At the onset of this period, the school system in America wasn't exactly regulated, and it could be called kind of shoddy. Schoolhouses were overcrowded, the education topics weren't always the same, and what was being taught was pretty antiquated. Horace Mann (involved 1837-1859)
Noah Webster (1780-1840)
William Holmes McGuffey (1836-1860)
Various Methods were employed to solve the problems with the school system. The newly-formed Massachusetts Board of Education, staffed by Horace Mann, travelled to Europe to examine the schools there, inspected schools in the state to try and find solutions.

At the same time, teachers and professors like Webster and McGuffey acted on their own, writing books to encourage learning, or in Webster's case, a comprehensive dictionary. By the end of their campaign, schools across the nation had adopted the McGuffey Readers, the Webster Dictionary, and the number of programs passed to regulate the school systems. It had a major effect. The prisons weren't exactly pretty or kind back in the mid 1800s. Conditions were poor, people were mistreated, and the clinically insane were often placed right with the petty thief. To try and get the reform they wanted, reformers would protest, lobby for change through Congress, and even enlisted the help of well-known nobles, like Queen Victoria and the Pope. While it took a decent number of years, the movement was successful in getting some of the changes they demanded from the prison system. The places were cleaned up, and began the slow process of improving the lives of their prisoners. Dorothea Lynde Dix
Pope Puis the 11th (Puis IX)
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