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Key Colonial Figures
Transcript of Key Colonial Figures
Key Colonial Figures
He was a wealthy English Puritan lawyer who served at the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony for 12 out of its first 20 years (1629-1641).
His vision for a “city upon a hill” impacted the social development and politics of Massachusetts Bay Colony as well as neighboring colonies.
He preferred an authoritarian governance of the population and resisted attempts to expand voting and other civil rights.
His hatred of unconstrained democracy as “the meanest and worst of all forms of government” influenced individuals and groups to form neighboring colonies that opposed the rule of the Massachusetts elders.
She was a religious woman and a good speaker in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who impacted its political and social structure.
She defied the church fathers in the early years of the colony by insisting that she, and other ordinary people, could interpret the Bible for themselves.
She was put on trial twice, by the church for heresy, and by the government for challenging their authority.
She was banished from the colony and went to Rhode Island in 1638 where bitter Indians mistook her as an enemy and killed her and her family.
Stolen by the English as child and taken to England.
He served as a translator, ambassador, and technical adviser for the Pilgrims.
He was essential to the survival of Plymouth in its first two years.
Showed the Pilgrims how to set their corn, where to get fish, and to find other commodities to profit from.
A minister named Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island.
Williams felt that government should not force people to worship in a certain way.
He also believed it was wrong for settlers to take land away from the Native Americans.
Forced by Massachusetts leaders to leave the colony, Williams found refuge with the Narragansett, a Native American people. They later sold him land, where Williams founded the town of Providence.
With its policy of religious toleration, Rhode Island became a safe place for dissenters. It was the first place in America where people of all faiths could worship freely.
William Penn saw Pennsylvania as a “holy experiment," and implemented his Quaker ideals of equality and pacifism into Pennsylvanian daily life.
Penn granted colonists the right to elect representatives to the legislature.
He negotiated several treaties with the local Native Americans.
His policies led to Philadelphia becoming one of America's most prosperous cities and ports.
The Jamestown colony survived its first two years in part because of 27-year-old Captain John Smith.
Smith forced the settlers to work.
He also built ties with—and got food from—the local Powhatan people and their chief, who was also named Powhatan.
Credited with the experiment of planting the first tobacco seeds in Virginia. He received those seeds somewhere in the Caribbean.
Led to the mass exportation of tobacco and economic stability that colonists and investors had been seeking.
In 1676, he led a rebellion in Virginia known as Bacon's Rebellion.
He was joined by white frontiersmen, slaves, and indentured servants.
Frontiersmen believed they were not getting proper protection from Indian attacks.
Slaves and servants felt the weight of oppression from their masters and political leaders of Virginia.
It was a united rebellion by the people against the ruling class that was unsuccessful.
It struck fear in the ruling class and led to tighter restrictions on slaves, servants, and the poor.