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Bridges made of pebbles: Social media and the transformation of journalism

DIGC202
by

Dr Teodor Mitew

on 21 July 2017

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Transcript of Bridges made of pebbles: Social media and the transformation of journalism

the gatekeeping mode
industrial media
gate
watchers

scalability
Real-time results for #Bangkok on Twitter [18 May 2010]:

slmackley: RT @georgebkk: #Bangkok: 500 #redshirts take refugee in temple:http://goo.gl/YEp73

ChrisInCambo: RT @Nganadeeleg: Elections - the pressure valves to keep societies from failing - take away that release valve and you get what happening in #bangkok today


georgebkk: #Bangkok: ntire Wireless Rd closed, access on Silom (heading towards Sala Daeng) only given to local residents /via @TAN_Network

AM_Thailand: RT @georgebkk: #Bangkok: Several Roads Remain Closed on 5th Day of CRES Operation: http://goo.gl/YEp7

AM_Thailand: RT @georgebkk: Widespread Reports of #Bangkok Residents Stocking Supplies: http://goo.gl/YEp7


nkoleszar: RT @georgebkk: #Bangkok: US embassy visa section closes until Friday: http://goo.gl/YEp7

georgebkk: #Bangkok: Several Roads Remain Closed on 5th Day of CRES Operation: http://goo.gl/YEp7

georgebkk: Widespread Reports of #Bangkok Residents Stocking Supplies: http://goo.gl/YEp7


DrUnKiEs_DrUgS: RT @georgebkk: #Bangkok: Gun shots and firing of M-79's throughout Monday night at Bon Kai community, Rama 4 area. Oil truck still at Rama 4 Rd

AfarMedia: We avoided the center of town and had a wonderful time in #Bangkok. Never worried about our safety; locals told us where not to go. (GS)

AM_Thailand: RT @georgebkk: #Bangkok: 37 dead over past 4 days; Crisis deepens and hopes fade that talks can prevent military assault; http://goo.gl/YEp7


Ju_B81: RT @georgebkk: TAN: #Bangkok arson attack: Emergency crews on the scene, but cannot get near enough to fire next to Bangkok Bank at Din Daeng

nkoleszar: RT @georgebkk: #Bangkok: Gun shots and firing of M-79 throughout Monday night at Bon Kai community, Rama 4 area. Oil truck still at Rama 4 Rd

astruc: Watching #Bangkok #Thailand situation in the news last night, seems like it is a million miles away from Phuket. #civilwarholiday



tjaard_todor: Upto 70% off for #hotel #bookings at The Phranakornnornlen Hotel in #Bangkok http://bit.ly/cYm7mR

MoonAngelWings: RT @TheNewsBlotter: If interested: Live video from #Bangkok http://www.ustream.tv/cbsnews (courtesy of CBS)

mue2k: RT @robertamsterdam: "Deliberately firing live ammunition at unarmed people (...) is unlawful"- Amnesty Intl on #Thaicrisis #Bangkok http://tiny.cc/eba2f



AM_Thailand: #BBC - #Bangkok clashes: Map : http://ow.ly/1Mk7Z and very useful @RichardBarrow Bangkok Dangerous Map : http://ow.ly/1Mk93

JamesMcLeary: "Deliberately firing live ammunition at unarmed people (...) is unlawful"- Amnesty Intl on #Thaicrisis #Bangkok http://tiny.cc/eba2f

VoxScorpio: @Scelerates #Bangkok "red" no-go zones r CLEARLY MARKED. The rest of Bangkok IS SAFE and u can move normally.

VoxScorpio: @DarthNiN #Bangkok: AVOID "red" no-go zones wh r CLEARLY MARKED. The rest of Bangkok IS SAFE!!!
at its heart mainstream journalism offers
news-as-product
: a collection of
easily digestible reports
based on research,
ready for consumption
Axel Bruns
citizen journalism provides
news-as-process
: a
continuing and necessarily unfinished
coverage of topics and events
inviting user participation
, aiming to achieve what can be described as ‘deliberative journalism’
Axel Bruns
the users act as the filters
http://slashdot.org/
relies less on first-hand investigative research and the ability to compose succinct news stories, and more on
information search and retrieval skills
especially in online environments
gate
watching
Axel Bruns
conducted on a far more
ad hoc, decentralised and crowdsourced
basis than has been possible for gatekeeper journalism
gate
watching
Axel Bruns
'All the news that’s fit to print’
collection, production, distribution, feedback
centralised media
feedback loop
one to many
distribution
many to many distribution
While audiences did retain the ability to buy or not to buy the newspaper, to switch on or off the radio and television news, in practice this choice amounted in many local markets that were served by only one or two major news outlets simply to
a choice between the news as it was offered, or a self-imposed news blackout
.
Axel Bruns
Yes, it was built entirely out of 140-character messages, but
the sum total of those tweets added up to something truly substantive, like a suspension bridge made of pebbles
.
Steven Johnson
BRIDGES MADE OF PEBBLES
social media and the rise of gatewatchers
in the beginning...
information dynamics
text is
a tissue of quotations
no cost to publishing online: no automatic filter for quality
individual conversations
mass broadcasting
the internet allows individual
and
mass communication
media
legacy
one to one mode: think letters and telephones
TV, radio, newspapers
media
distributed
an ecology where participation is its own reward
consumers become
prosumers
the story so far
scarce information
hyperlocal
NYT
the audience
gatekeeping
limited content is expensive
formatting it is cheap
abundant content is cheap/free
formatting it is expensive
Roland Barthes
information avalanche
the industrial media model has to deal with
the industrial media model is
unable to handle long tail
information flows
with the explosion of information
speed of access becomes valuable
the industrial media model
feedback loop is too slow
short feedback loop
scalable
gatewatching
consider:
the value is in the aggregated flow of individual contributions:
'bridge of pebbles'
a single tweet from an event might be
rumor
false
true
but, source credibility is an issue with
limited data
when information is scarce - content is everything
when it is abundant - coherence is everything
tweets become valuable
when aggregated

dynamic story
change in news production:
access, aggregation, and curation
becoming more valuable than authorship
in a free content environment
curators and aggregators become valuable
when data is free
organizing it becomes valuable
authors publish at a cost:
if content is not high quality you have no readers
before
now
thank you
is valuable
it might be a
it might be
it might be
Dr Teodor Mitew
@tedmitew
tedmitew.com
news is
compare the speed of
Reddit vs NYT
permanent beta
release early, release often
production
aggregation
curation
http://www.reddit.com/
Reddit
Slashdot
4chan
http://www.4chan.org/
consider:
Twitter
worthless
aggregation
curation
scarce, time-bound
information as commodity
what is the role of:
authorship
aggregation
curation
think big data, aggregates
focus is always on
the main story
attention economy
the incessant task of sorting
first
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