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Transcript of Pilgrim's Progress
a literary form in which all the parts of the story (characters, setting, events, etc.) have a symbolic meaning.
Purpose of an allegory is to teach a moral lesson.
Knowledge Gained Through Travel
Christian and his companions learn from their mistakes on their journey. Voyage in itself does not make a traveler a pilgrim. The pilgrim must advance spiritually as he or she advances geographically. The key factor is knowledge, which must increase as the pilgrim proceeds forward. Christian never makes the same mistake twice or meets the same foe twice, because he learns from his experiences.
Importance of Reading
The pilgrims reach salvation and happiness by understanding the Bible. The pilgrims who have not read and do not understand the Bible are viewed as disappointments, who will not gain entry to the Celestial City. Though pilgrims may read the Bible, they also must believe its message and apply it to their everyday lives.
Pilgrim's Progress as an Allegory
On the literary level:
tells the story of the adventure-packed journey of a character named Christian.
On the symbolic level:
tells the complex story of a Christian soul's journey through life to salvation.
Bunyan uses names of characters to reveal their symbolic meanings.
The character that assists the main character during the story is named Help.
Husband and father stricken by spiritual crisis.
Messenger carrying the Gospel to Christian. Evangelist spurs Christian's journey to the Celestial City.
eighbor of Christian’s who refuses to accompany him.
eighbor of Christian’s who accompanies him for a while, but leaves after falling in the Slough of Despond.
Fellow pilgrim who helps pull Christian from the Slough of Despond.
-A reasonable & practical man who tries unsuccessfully to urge Christian to give up his religious foolishness and live a contented secular life.
Fellow pilgrim from Christian’s hometown who reports on the city they both left behind. Faithful accompanies Christian until he is executed in the town of Vanity.
Fellow pilgrim who travels with Christian & Faithful for a while. Spurned by Christian for valuing spiritual words over deeds.
-Pilgrim who replaces Faithful as Christian’s travel companion and confidant after leaving Vanity.
Almost no formal education.
Worked as his father's apprentice until he was drafted to fight in the English Civil War.
Fought on the Parlimentary side.
Married a Puritan woman and was converted to Puritanism himself.
Improved his reading through religious tracts his wife brought into their home.
Was a popular preacher until Charles II came back to the throne and made it illegal to preach outside of the Anglican Church.
Bunyan was arrested and put into jail for five years.
Wrote his autobiography,
Went through 10 printings in Bunyan's lifetime and was translated into 100 languages.
From the City of Destruction
to the Celestial City