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English 9 AA Day 8, The Odyssey Part 2. Line in the Sand. Epic Notes #1

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samuel cook

on 16 September 2014

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Transcript of English 9 AA Day 8, The Odyssey Part 2. Line in the Sand. Epic Notes #1

Do Now
"Her ladyship Calypso clung to him in her sea-hollowed caves—a nymph, immortal and most beautiful, who craved him for her own."
Is Calpyso
evil
for keeping Odysseus in her cave against his will? Explain in detail, with at least one example to support your opinion.

-(The Odyssey, Book 1)
"Burn"
Ellie Goulding
3:59
(http://youtu.be/CGyEd0aKWZE)
Line in the Sand.
"...a metaphorical point beyond which, once the decision to go beyond it is made, the decision and its resulting consequences are permanently decided and irreversible."
How we do this:

Step 1:
Each side starts with one person who fully supports either side of the argument. This person is the argument and team leader.

Step 2:
Those argument leaders will share their opinion on the topic.

Step 3:
After they share their opinion, you must move to whichever side of the room you support, based on who you believe made the strongest argument.

Step 4:
Each side will spend 4-5 minutes developing the strongest counter-arguments they can to convince individuals on the other side of the argument to join their side.

Step 5:
After a coin flip, the winning side will deliver their counter-argument first. The opposing side will then deliver their counter argument. At this point, anyone convinced to change sides, can change sides.
However, they cannot go back once they have change!
Line in the Sand!
On this side:

If you believe Calypso is evil for kidnapping Odysseus.
On this side:

If you believe Calypso is not evil for kidnapping Odysseus
Help us keep different characters distinct in our minds
Epithets in The Odyssey

Figurative Language – language that is not meant to be taken literally. It has multiple meanings and helps to express tone and mood.
Poetic Devices in Epics

All epics contain certain stylistic devices (ways of writing) that make them epics.
Stylistic Devices in Epics
“Master mariner and soldier”
for Odysseus

Epithets in The Odyssey
Epithet:
What is an epithet?

Homer’s Epics contain two special forms of figurative language.
Figurative Language
Examples of Epics
A long, narrative poem that contains an epic hero shows the values of the culture that created it uses elevated language
tells of heroic events that are important to the culture in the epic follows the epic conventions.
What is an Epic?
The poem and the hero
Elements of the Epic
Like Hercules...
...or Odysseus
The Illiad (Homer, Greek)
(Watch that ankle!)
The Lord of the Rings (Tolkien, British)
Can I get in front?
You shall not PASS!
These include
Poetic devices that regulate the use of language.
Narrative devices that regulate the way the story is told.
Examples:
Metaphors and similes
Personification
Irony
the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
Metaphor:
asserting that one thing IS something else.
This cloud
IS
the Simba!
Simile:
asserting that one thing is LIKE something else. (Also: can use the word "as"."
This tomato looks
LIKE
a bunny!
A state of affairs or an event that seems deliberately contrary to what one expects and is often amusing as a result.
Epithets
Heroic or Homeric Similes
The typical Homeric simile makes a comparison to some kind of event, in the form "like a ____ when it ______."
"its crackling roots blazed and hissed - as a blacksmith plunges a glowing ax or adze in an ice-cold bath and the metal screeches steam and its temper hardens - that's the iron's strength - so the eye of Cyclops sizzled round that stake."
Alexander the Great forged a massive empire.
A term used to characterize a person or thing, such as “rosy-fingered” in rosy-fingered dawn or “Great” in Catherine the Great
A term used as a descriptive substitute for the name or title of a person, such as The Great Emancipator for Abraham Lincoln.
Such as:

The
long-tongued
polar bear.
Epithets are VERY common in The Odyssey
Used to help characterize a person– to show what he or she is like.
Used as a substitute for the person’s name
Used to show different personality traits of one person
"The grey-eyed Athena"
+
Some common epithets you will notice are:
“Grey-eyed Athena”
(grey is the color of the brain, represents wisdom)
“Clear-headed Telemachus”
and
“Clear-headed Odysseus”
(shows they are intelligent)
“Earthshaker”
for Poseidon
Fold the white paper into thirds to make a name-tag. On one side, write your name. On the other, write an epithet which you believe best represents your qualities.
Odyssey Book 1 Continued
Cornell Notes:
Focus:
Descriptions (yes, including epithets!) of both mortals and gods.
Essential Question:
What importance do character descriptions have on our understanding of those characters?
Reflection/Response
Choose 4 character descriptions you wrote down in your notes. In your left column, write a question about each of those notes.
Example:
Note taken: "Akhaian gentlemen with flowing hair."
Question asked:
What makes the Akhaian men "gentlemen"? What do they do to earn that description?
Homework:
On Edmodo:
The Odyssey:
Re-read the attached beginning section from the beginning of The Odyssey. Then, answer the following question as a response:
Are the opening 24 lines of Book 1 more about conquering or enduring?
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