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What is Intentional Instruction?
Transcript of What is Intentional Instruction?
Roots of Instructional Intention:
Intentional instruction comes from three theories:
1. Gradual release of responsibility in reading (Pearson & Gallagher, 1983) -
Systematic release of responsibility for using strategies that are carefully scaffolded.
2. Direct Explanation (Duffy, 2009)-
Modeling thinking and clarifying purpose for using a certain strategy.
3. Literacy as a social practice (Nystrand & Gamoran, 1997)
-Application of skills by talking with peers.
Example of literacy as a social practice:
You Have What it Takes!
Intentional Instruction: What is it?
Intentional instruction is systematic and focused. It means to act "with specific outcomes or goals in mind for learners' development and learning." You always turn
situations into a
1.)Know the children in your classroom.
Know them as individuals--their strengths, their needs, their interests, and their desires. Also, intentional teachers are aware of the students as a group, such as the dynamics.
2.) Being aware of all situations.
Intentional teachers are aware that what they are observing might only be a small piece of the bigger story. They ask, "Could there be another way to understand what is happening here?"
3.) Know and clearly express/show what they want their children to achieve.
Are able to incorporate challenging and achievable goals in all activities, daily routines, and interactions with children, as well as purposefully set up an environment and provide materials in order for goals to be met.
They are able to explain to others what they hope to achieve with and for each child or group of children.
4.) Use assessments to inform future action.
Investigate what children have learned and are learning in order to set goals for children's learning and to determine how they might respond in the future.
How Do Teachers guide instruction intentionally?
Through four types of scaffolds:
Questions- Allows to check for student understanding
Prompts-Activates student's requisite knowledge
Cues-Allows students to shift their attention to what is important
Direct explanation and modeling- Identify a skill, then explain it using think alouds, then quickly release responsibility to the student.
Intentional Instruction Framework:
Intentional teaching does not happen by chance; it is
Five Part framework:
1. Establish a purpose
2. Model thinking
3. Guide student thinking
4. Meaningful, productive group tasks
5. Independent tasks allow for application
Am I an Intentional Teacher?
One way for teachers to become more intentional in their teaching is to reflect on their current practices. Ask yourself:
Do I continuously observe student performance for understanding?
Do I scaffold strategies to release the responsibility to the student?
Do I think aloud and encourage my students to do the same?
Question types include elicitation, elaboration, clarification, divergent, inventive, and heuristic.
Background knowledge prompts, process or procedural prompts, heuristic prompts, and reflective prompts.
Which is better?
Children seem to learn best from child-guided experience--that is, they acquire knowledge and skills through their own exploration and experience, including through interactions with peers.
Refers to experience that proceeds primarily along the lines of children’s interest and actions, although teachers often provide the materials and other support.
Refers to experience that proceeds primarily along the lines of the teacher’s goals, although that experience may also be shaped by children’s active engagement.
At times, students require guided instruction from a teacher and other times, need to engage in student driven learning.
*An intentional teacher
catches teachable moments
and is prepared to use them to their advantage, making every moment count.
*An intentional teacher
*An intentional teacher allows for multiple opportunities for
*An intentional teacher scaffolds learning using questions, prompts, cues, and direct explanation & modeling.
Children seem to learn best from adult-guided experience--that is, in set-up situations in which their teachers introduce information and model skills.
Think of a lesson you recently taught. Were the concepts of gradual release of responsibility, direct explanation & purpose setting, and social practice
Please reflect and share~
Kagan structures are one method of increasing cooperative learning:
Guided Instruction Focuses On:
Cues can be visual, verbal. gestural, physical, positional or environmental