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0. 1st PROJECT introduction 2018
Transcript of 0. 1st PROJECT introduction 2018
- What advantages might there be to having a global language?
As you viewing
- What problems might arise?
What is a 'lingua franca'?
List the factors that have made English a global language.
The local also influences English: what are Global English/es?
Prof. Crystal says that in order for English to be replaced as the global language another culture must become powerful in a 'political, military, cultural and economic sense'. He foretells possible scenarios in which this might occur. Spanish/Chinese/ German/ French is one of them.
What is a global language
What makes a global language?
sections in Crystal's
English as a Global Language
(pp. 3- 10)
Undertake some research into Spanish as a global language in media and how it is spreading.
Would you say that Spanish/Chinese/German/ French is a global language today?
Create a presentation (5 min) where you will share your findings and conclusions with the rest of the class.
1. Topic of research
2. Steps in your research
3. Sources of information
4. Relevant results and conclusions
What is a global language?
To achieve such a status,
a language has to be taken up by other countries around the world
. They must decide to give it a special place within their communities, even though they may have few (or no) mother-tongue speakers (Crystal 2003: 4)
A language can be made the
of a country, to be used as a medium of communication in such domains as government, the law courts, the media and the education system:
Ghana, Nigeria, India, Singapore, Vanuatu
A language can be made
a priority in a country's foreign-language teaching
, even though this language has no official status:
Mandarin Chinese in South-east Asia; English in Scandinavian countries or Netherlands
What makes a global l language
Why a language becomes a global language has little to do with the number of people who speak it. It is much more to do with who those speakers are.(Crystal 2003: 7)
There is the closest of links between language dominance and economic, technological, and cultural power
(Crystal 2003: 7)
A language does not become a global language because of its intrinsic structural properties, or because of the size of its vocabulary, or because it has been a vehicle of a great literature in the past, or because it was once associated with a great culture
or religion (Crystal 2003: 9)
A language has traditionally become an international language for one chief reason: the power of its people – especially their political and military power (Crystal 2003: 9)
Greek : The armies of Alexander the Great
Latin: The legions of Roman Empire
Arabic: Moorish armies....
Spanish, Portuguese, French: colonial policies in Americas, Africa, Far East
The growth of competitive industry and business brought an explosion of international marketing and advertising.
The power of the press reached unprecedented levels, soon to be surpassed by the broadcasting media, with their ability to cross national boundaries with electromagnetic ease.
Technology, chiefly in the form of movies
and records, fuelled new mass entertainment industries whichhad a worldwide impact.