Transcript of canadian lives in the 1920s and 1930s
Canadian Government Canadians Lives in the 1920s and 1930s Canadian Lives during the 1920s Women working in the 1920s There were three groups who were excluded from this prosperity they were farmers because many people were moving away to the cities for different jobs, as well as the soldiers because when they returned from the war all women and other men had taken over their jobs, which they expected to have when they came back. The Maritimes were also excluded because the increased use of hydro and oil and gas hurt the Maritimes which was a producer of coal, the energy source that was being replaced by hydro and oil and gas. Maritimes were also hurt by the federal governments changes in railway rates. Preferred rates for the Maritimes were abandoned, causing the rate to increase by 25%. Throughout the 1920s hard times drove many Maritimers to leave home to look for work elsewhere. Prosperity The Roaring Twenties was known as the decade that led up to the Crash, and was a time of wealth and excess. Despite the dangers of speculation, many believed that the stock market would continue to rise, because people were making risky decisions in investing into the stock market. Black Thursday was a cause of the Wall Street Crash because the market lost 11% of its value. Economic weaknesses were also a cause because 60% of families couldn't afford to buy consumer goods. Consumerism was put into place to encourage people to buy goods. Another cause would be laissez-faire, people believed the market would sort its self out, so no one tried to get involved with the crash. The loss of confidence people had gained leaded to the crash as well. People realized a crisis was coming and sold all their shares, this led to a loss in confidence. Wall Street Crash As seen in the source the market had been on a nine-year run that saw the Dow Jones Industrial Average increase in value tenfold, peaking at 381.17 on September 3, 1929. Wall Street Crash Times were so good for most Canadians during the 1920s because the economy turned around and people could afford more luxury's. Many people moved into the cities to work in factories or in service industries. Wages were rising for people, so they were investing into the stock market .People were living a life like hedonism. Stockbrokers make more money when people have more money to invest in stocks. People were making up for the misery from the war, and trying to keep happy with entertainment like jazz, dance halls, movies, radio and cars. The 1920s were nicknamed to be the roaring twenties because of the economic boom that occurred. It was also nicknamed the jazz age because people were going to dance halls, most of the people were going to dance halls because prohibition had been put in order, instead of drinking they went to dance halls. Persons Case was a good time in the 1920s for women because it was is decided that women were eligible to sit in the Canadian Senate. Great Depression The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in 1930 and lasted until the late 1930s or middle 1940s. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century Jazz Age As seen in picture two The Flapper is an American icon. Born from post World War I feminism, she freed herself from stuffy Victorian ways and became the new "modern" woman. She was a beautiful young woman. The flappers were known for dancing,drinking and smoking. Flappers dancing the Charleston: As seen in picture one there is a jazz band, where people used to attend jazz halls to make up for the misery of WW1 The source shows women who had taken over the men's jobs in the 1920s when they had gone to war The great depression was a severe economic depression in the decade, preceding World War 2. It started in 1930 and lasted until the late 1930s or middle 1940s. It was the longest, most widespread and deepest depression of the 20th century. A few causes of the Great Depression were, no one was buying goods because they couldn't afford it, therefore businesses weren't making money. Also two months after the original crash in October, stockholders had lost more than $40 billion dollars. Even though the stock market began to regain some of its losses, by the end of 1930, it just was not enough and America truly entered what is called the Great Depression. http://video.about.com/americanhistory/Causes-of-the-Great-Depression.htm Great Depression During the Great Depression many people had lost their jobs, and were unemployed, due to this many people had to go on the dole.Many people forced off the farm when they heard about work hundreds of miles away or even half a continent away. Often the only way they could get there was by hopping on freight trains, illegally. More than two million men and perhaps 8,000 women became hoboes. At least 6,500 hoboes were killed in one year either in accidents or by railroad "bulls," brutal guards hired by the railroads to make sure the trains carried only paying customers.Full transcript
Finding food was a constant problem so soup kitchens were opened which was a place people could go to get free meals or at a low price. Soup kitchens were considered to be a charity.
The Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands in the 1930s, particularly in 1934 and 1936. The phenomenon was caused by severe drought combined with farming methods that did not include crop rotation, fallow fields, cover crops, soil terracing and wind-breaking trees to prevent wind erosion. A "Hooverville" was the popular name for shanty towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression. They were named after Herbert Hoover, who was President of the United States during the onset of the Depression and widely blamed for it. Thousands of unemployed men protesting the dismal conditions in federal relief camps scattered in remote areas across Western Canada. The men lived and worked in these camps at a rate of twenty cents per day before walking out on strike in April 1935 which was known as "On to Ottawa trek" The Canadian Government ignored issues or suggested inefficient methods of solving problems, passed the responsibilities onto other provinces. At first the government refused to believe there was a depression, and after words gathered up the unemployed into what amount to slave labor camps. Richard Bedford Bennett During the Great Depression Richard B.Bennett served as Prime Minister. Bennett introduced "A New Deal" which included Progressive income taxation, a minimum wage, a maximum number of working hours per week, unemployment insurance, health insurance, an expanded pension programme, and grants to farmers. A Bennett buggy(named after Richard B.Bennett) was a term used in Canada during the Great Depression to describe a car which had its engine and windows taken out and was pulled by a horse. Bennett later died on June 26th 1947 As shown in the source is a picture of Richard B.Bennett and a quote said by him is:
"In the last five years great changes have taken place in the world... The old order is gone. We are living in conditions that are new and strange to us. Canada on the dole is like a young and vigorous man in the poorhouse ... If you believe that things should be left as they are, you and I hold contrary and irreconcilable views. I am for reform. And in my mind, reform means government intervention. It means government control and regulation. It means the end of laissez-faire Arthur Meighan was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He served two terms as the Conservative ninth Prime Minister of Canada. He was the first Prime Minister born after Confederation, and the only one to represent a riding in Manitoba. Meighan and King William Lyon Mackenzie King also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s. He served as the tenth Prime Minister of Canada from December 29, 1921 to June 28, 1926 Project by: Alana Hunt and Claire Chubbs In the source it shows Henry Ford's
20 millionth model T As shown in the source Henry
Ford is driving his 20 millionth model T off the assembly line