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Theatre History Timeline
Transcript of Theatre History Timeline
From ancient Greece, a word meaning, "to do or to act."
"A Servant of Two Masters"
Play Example: A modern-day Commedia dell'Arte festival performance!
Playwright Example: William Shakespeare... why was he so important anyways??
Performance Style Example: Japanese Kabuki Theatre
Performance Style Example: A modern-day melodrama puppet show!
One of the humanities, drama, along with other art forms, attempts to answer the question:
Festival of Dionysus
Ritual that evolved into a play writing competition.
Actors spoke and chanted as one.
More like storytellers than characters.
Tragedy and Comedy
Major play types still around today.
: from Greek word "tragos" (goat song)- conflicts, fallen heroes
: light-hearted stories
Play Example: The Chorus of "Oedipus Rex" by Sophocles
The Roman Empire
A military country focused on conquest.
Imitated and even stole plays from the Ancient Greek.
Other Forms of Entertainment:
Mime and Pantomime
Naumachiae (Sea Battles)
Play Example: Seneca's "Medea"
Life and theatre revolved around the church.
Miracle and Mystery: based on the lives of Saints and Bible stories.
Morality Plays: taught ethics (right from wrong).
Mobile plays that traveled from town to town.
Play Example: "Everyman" by Anonymous...as told by Legos!
New Theatre Technology:
Candle Lighting, Oil Lamps
Pulley System & Flying Equipment
New Flat Conventions
Professional improvised comedy.
Use of slapstick and stock characters.
Commedia dell ' Arte
The "golden" age of England.
Christopher Marlowe (Doctor Faustus)
Ben Johnson (The Alchemist)
William Shakespeare (Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet, MacBeth, A Midsummer Night's Dream....)
The Globe Theater
The wooden 'O'
A time of prosperity and a flourishing of the arts.
Elaborate costumes and makeup
Use of music, dance, and movement
Art inspired by Hinduism
Sanskrit Plays- deal with emotions
Stories of long, epic journeys
Noh (Art of Walking)
Contemporary United States
Early American Drama
Stories of the working class
The American Dream
"Classic" American Playwrights from the mid-1900s:
Arthur Miller (Death of a Salesman)
Thorton Wilder (Our Town)
Tennesse Williams (Streetcar Named Desire)
Actor Training Models
The Group Theatre
Or is it...?
Return to the wiki for your next learning task!
A "rebirth" of arts and ideas.
-Ludi Festivals: Revolved around moon cycles.
Theater district in New York City known for big name plays and musicals
New York theatre goes back as far as the 1700s, but actual Broadway theaters opened in the 1920s and 1930s
~300 B.C.- 470 A.D
~400 A.D- late 1400s A.D.
China, Japan, India, Thailand, Cambodia, Polynesia,
Hong Kong, Korea
Thespis- First Actor to step out of Chorus.
Today we call actors "thespians."
Roman plays showed violence onstage- Greeks did not.
Christianity and moral teachings were the main subjects of plays.