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Theatre History Timeline

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by

Cassie Neumann

on 1 October 2015

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Transcript of Theatre History Timeline

THE HISTORY OF THEATRE
Drama:
From ancient Greece, a word meaning, "to do or to act."
Carlo Goldoni:
"A Servant of Two Masters"


Play Example: A modern-day Commedia dell'Arte festival performance!
Elizabethan England
Playwright Example: William Shakespeare... why was he so important anyways??
Performance Style Example: Japanese Kabuki Theatre
Performance Style Example: A modern-day melodrama puppet show!
One of the humanities, drama, along with other art forms, attempts to answer the question:
Ancient Greece
Festival of Dionysus
Ritual that evolved into a play writing competition.
Greek Chorus
Actors spoke and chanted as one.
More like storytellers than characters.
Tragedy and Comedy
Major play types still around today.

Tragedy
: from Greek word "tragos" (goat song)- conflicts, fallen heroes

Comedy
: light-hearted stories
Play Example: The Chorus of "Oedipus Rex" by Sophocles
Ancient Rome
The Roman Empire
A military country focused on conquest.
Imitated and even stole plays from the Ancient Greek.
Other Forms of Entertainment:
Mime and Pantomime
Chariot Racing
Gladiator Competitions
Animal Fights
Naumachiae (Sea Battles)
Play Example: Seneca's "Medea"
Medieval Europe
Life and theatre revolved around the church.
Play Types
Miracle and Mystery: based on the lives of Saints and Bible stories.
Morality Plays: taught ethics (right from wrong).
Wagon Cycles
Mobile plays that traveled from town to town.
Play Example: "Everyman" by Anonymous...as told by Legos!
Italian Renaissance
New Theatre Technology:
Candle Lighting, Oil Lamps
Pulley System & Flying Equipment
Proscenium Arch
New Flat Conventions
Professional improvised comedy.
Use of slapstick and stock characters.
Commedia dell ' Arte
The "golden" age of England.
Major Playwrights:
Christopher Marlowe (Doctor Faustus)
Ben Johnson (The Alchemist)
William Shakespeare (Romeo & Juliet, Hamlet, MacBeth, A Midsummer Night's Dream....)
The Globe Theater
The wooden 'O'
A time of prosperity and a flourishing of the arts.
Asian Theatre
Elaborate costumes and makeup
Expressive pantomime
Use of music, dance, and movement
India:
Art inspired by Hinduism
Sanskrit Plays- deal with emotions
China:
Stories of long, epic journeys
Beijing Opera
Japan:
Noh (Art of Walking)
Bunraku (Puppets)
Kabuki (Spectacle)
Known for:
Contemporary United States
Early American Drama
Stories of the working class
Melodramas
Common Theme:
The American Dream
"Classic" American Playwrights from the mid-1900s:
Arthur Miller (Death of a Salesman)
Thorton Wilder (Our Town)
Tennesse Williams (Streetcar Named Desire)
Actor Training Models
Repertory Theatre
Ensemble Model
The Group Theatre
Or is it...?
Return to the wiki for your next learning task!
A "rebirth" of arts and ideas.
-Ludi Festivals: Revolved around moon cycles.
Broadway
Theater district in New York City known for big name plays and musicals
New York theatre goes back as far as the 1700s, but actual Broadway theaters opened in the 1920s and 1930s
Greek Empire
~600 B.C.-300B.C
Roman Empire
~300 B.C.- 470 A.D
European Countries
~400 A.D- late 1400s A.D.
Italy
late 1300s-1500s
England
1558-1603
China, Japan, India, Thailand, Cambodia, Polynesia,
Hong Kong, Korea
late 1800s-1950s
Thespis- First Actor to step out of Chorus.
Today we call actors "thespians."
Roman plays showed violence onstage- Greeks did not.
Christianity and moral teachings were the main subjects of plays.
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