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German Unification

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Matt Mayer

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of German Unification

German Unification Congress of Vienna At it again 39 seperate states with common language and culture Germans in Prussia looked to revolt Should we be a republic or constiutional monarchy?
Prussian King
Promised reforms and constitution
Banned publications and organizations that supported democracy Was a conservative politician Bismark's Philosophy

Supported the king of Prussia
Thought Prussia's destiny to lead the unification
Practical ideals about government Bismark's First War

Disagreement on border states with Denmark
1864- formed alliance with Austria
Brief fight, Denmark gave up land WAR WITH AUSTRIA INEVITABLE Frederick Wilhelm IV Economic Alliance Zollverein (Customs Union) Remove tariffs and taxes on trade between German states
Encouraged railroads
Helped Culture grow Otto von Bismark Leading force behind German Unification 1862 - was named Prime Minister of Prussia HOORAY! Realpolitik

German unification will be won with "Blood and Iron"

Parliament refused to allow funds for bigger military, he dismissed them

Created a great war machine - that could be used to unite Germany Bismark's Philosophy

Supported the Prussian King
It was Prussia's Destiny to lead Unification
Had Practical Ideals about Government Austr-Prussian War
War unfolded just as king, Bismarck planned
Highly-skilled, well-equipped Prussian army defeated Austrians in only seven weeks
Treaty ending Austro-Prussian War dissolved German Confederation, forced Austria to surrender Holstein Several other northern states united with Prussia
Only three southern states remained outside Prussian control
Bismarck, Wilhelm used victory to rally other German states around Prussia; war first step toward German unification Unified Germany
Despite Austro-Prussian War victory, it would take another war to create unified Germany
Southern German states still not included in North German Confederation

Nationalism in South
1870, conflict brewing with France over disputed Alsace, Lorraine territory
Provinces had been part of Holy Roman Empire, which included Prussia
Issue sparked nationalistic feelings in south German states Peace Treaty
Victory established unified German empire
Representatives of allied German states met at Versailles, near Paris
Proclaimed Wilhelm I first kaiser—emperor—of German Empire
Wilhelm appointed Bismarck first chancellor
German victory changed balance of power in Europe
Napoleon III gone; France no longer as powerful
As Germany grew economically, new empire rose in power
Full transcript