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The Acropolis

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by

Emely Galan

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of The Acropolis

Parthenon
Erechtheion
Propylaea
Ακρόπολης
By: Emely Galan & Sierra Partridge
Temple of Athena Nike
The Acropolis
Acropolis means top of the city.
Mycenaeans built walls around it.
Established for Goddess Athena as early as the Archaic period (650-480 BC)
Citadel
built for war defense
The Delian League (Sparta, Athens, and Thebes) fought against Persians.

Προπύλαια

Watch Propylaea video
Designed by Mnesickles/ Phidias in 437 BC
The structure had five doorways. It was designed as a long hallway on two levels to deal with the incline.
Construction interrupted by the Peloponnesian War
Lies on an east-west axis and was designed to mirror the architectural style and proportions of the nearby Parthenon.
Doric and Ionic columns supporting the roof of the central wing.
Gateway to an Empire
Ερέχθειο
Poseidon's Trident/
mark Saltwater Spring
Shrine with wooden image of Athena
Athena's Olive Tree
Porch of Maidens
Watch Khan Academy Erechthion video
Place of mythical king Erechthues.
'theion' meaning place of...
Erectheus: king who sacrificed his daughters for Athens.
Legend: Contest between Athena and Poseidon to be patron of Athens.
Poseidon: salt water from rock
Athena: Olive tree (peace, fertility, takes many generations to grow)
Works Cited
slide 1:http://malloryontravel.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Iain_Mallory_054700.jpg
slide 2: http://plato-dialogues.org/tools/images/bigmaps/acropol.gif
slide 3: http://www.utexas.edu/courses/introgreece/acropolis_model.jpg
slide 4: http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greecess/092609GreeceFastFacts_4.htm
slide 5: youtube- the propylaea
slide 6:http://www.penhook.org/panathenaia-festival.jpg
slide 7: http://www.ancient.eu/uploads/images/display-1050.jpg
slide 8:http://garyphotosgallery.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/aegean_dsc-1755-Edit.jpg
slide 9: http://virtual.parkland.edu/vmartin/acropolis.jpg
slide 10: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ancient-art-civilizations/greek-art/classical/v/erechtheion
slide 11: Eleftherios Katsaros youtube Erechthion
slide 12: www.khanacdemy.org/humanities/ancient-art-civilization/greeks
slide 13: http://www.radford.edu/~rbarris/schoolofathens/greekarchitecturestudy.html
slide 14: youtube- Kenney Mencher Porch of maidens
slide 15: http://100falcons.wordpress.com/2008/02/17/statues-of-shame/
Βεράντα των Κορών

Arcade on east side of Erechthion
Columns in shape of figures called
caryatids
Caryatid- (
n.
) a draped female figure supporting an entablature.
Standing in
contrapposto
Capitols, top of heads, are baskets that support column.
Face: archaic smile
"Architectural wonder
"
Then:
Now:
Full transcript