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The French Revolution
Transcript of The French Revolution
Bad Living Conditions
High Taxes/ Bankrupted
The American Revolution as an Example
The King and Queen abusing their power (Estates- General representative body to help the king make decisions in difficult times) Work Cited Text Book- World History and Geography: Modern Times (ch. 9) The Conditions in France in the late 1780’s 1789-1815 The meeting of Estates General With France on the verge of financial collapse, on May 5, 1789 Louis XVI was forced to call a meeting of the Estates-General (it had not met since 1614.) Most of the Third Estate wanted a constitutional government that would make the clergy and nobility pay taxes. First and Second Estates- about 300 representatives
Third Estate- almost 600 representatives Although the First and Second Estates had less representatives they could outvote the Third Estate two to one. In Conclusion to the meeting no changes were made. The Third Estate (lords and presents) thought for sure that it was the National Assembly and would draft a constitution but on June 20, 1789 its deputies arrived at their meeting place, only to find that the doors had been locked. So they met in nearby tennis court and swore that they would continue meeting until they had a new constitution. The oath they swore is known as the Tennis Court Oath. Beheading of King Louis XVI They created a constitution, but there was a flaw, the king could veto. They made a declaration to rights of men. The kings messenger read the king's mail and found out that he was attempting to commit treason by having the kings of Austria and Prussia use force to restore Louis XVI to full power. On January 21, the king was beheaded on the guillotine. King Louis XVI Food prices were sky rocketing because of bad crops.
The taxes were high because of King Louis XVI got them too far into debt.
The poor/ the third estate pay taxes and the rich didn’t pay taxes.
They King and Queen abused their power.
Streets were filthy no siege systems and disease was every were.
In France First estate- the Church
Second estate- the King
Third estate- Peasants http://www.kidspast.com/world-history/0370-french-revolution.php 80-90% of the population On July 14, 1789, about 900 Parisians/ the third estate gathered in the courtyard of the Bastille, a prison and armory. They stormed the Bastille for weapons and gun powder. Louis XVI wanted to use force against the Third Estate due to what they were doing in their meetings (the tennis court oath), so for four hours they fought and after four hours of fighting the prison warden surrendered. The rebels cut off the warden's head and demolished the Bastille brick by brick. The official start of the French revolution On October 5, thousands of Parisian women armed with broomsticks, pitchforks, pistols, and other weapons marched to Versailles. Some of the women then met with the king. They told him that their children were starving because there was no bread. These women forced Louis to accept the new decrees.
The crowd insisted that the royal family return to Paris. On October 6, they did so. As a goodwill gesture, they carried wagon loads of flour from the palace storehouse.
The king, the queen, and their son were now virtual prisoners in Paris, they never returned to the palace.
Revolutionary courts were set up by the Committee of Public Safety to prosecute counterrevolutionaries and traitors.
Almost 40,000 people were killed during the French Reign of Terror. Of those, 16,000 people, including Marie Antoinette and Olympe de Gouges, died by the guillotine.
Most executions occurred in towns that had openly rebelled against the Convention. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/219315/French-Revolution "We swear to keep meeting until we have a new constitution." Chanting: "We are bringing back the baker, the baker's wife, and the baker's boy." France How it lead to a democracy: They made a constitution and decoration saying they need rights. How it lead to a democracy: Common people (women) that successfully stud up against the King. How it lead to a democracy: it was practically the final act that monarchy was done. How it lead to democracy: This assembly shows that the common people (the third estate) wanted a voice in how the government was run, that voting should be equal by the amount of people. How it lead to democracy: Though it worked to stop the revolution it showed the choice the numerous amount of people made to have a revolution/democracy. "We outnumber you two to one, so why dose your vote count twice as much as ours?" "We will fight for what is right!" (The third estate) "Many lifes were lost but the cause was not." (the third estate) How it lead to a democracy: It shows that the people can out power the King and that they need rights or they will get them any way but it will be the hard way. “I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my charge; I Pardon those who have occasioned my death; and I pray to God that the blood you are going to shed may never be visited on France.”