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Theology of the Laity: Disciples in the World - 2 Identity: Priest

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John Matherne

on 16 June 2016

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Transcript of Theology of the Laity: Disciples in the World - 2 Identity: Priest

Laity as Priests
Baptised into Christ identity
Priest
Prophet
King

Theology of the Laity
Disciples in the World
Session 2
What is a priest?
A priest is an authorized mediator who offers sacrifice to God on behalf of others. Christ is the perfect priest, for he is perfectly united to God in his divinity and fully united to us in his humanity.
- Scott Hahn
As sharers in the role of Christ as priest, prophet, and king, the laity have their work cut out for them in the life and activity of the Church. Their activity is so necessary within the Church communities that without it the apostolate of the pastors is often unable to achieve its full effectiveness.
- Apostolicam Actuositatem 10
while Abel, for his part, brought the fatty portion of the firstlings of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering,
- Gen 4:4 NAB
The supreme and eternal Priest, Christ Jesus, since he wills to continue his witness and service also through the laity, vivifies them in this Spirit and increasingly urges them on to every good and perfect work. For besides intimately linking them to His life and His mission, He also gives them a sharing in His priestly function of offering spiritual worship for the glory of God and the salvation of men.
- Lumen Gentium 34
Melchizedek, king of Salem, brought out bread and wine. He was a priest of God Most High. He blessed Abram with these words: “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, the creator of heaven and earth; And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your foes into your hand.” Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
- Gen 14:18-20 NAB
Then God said: Take your son Isaac, your only one, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah. There offer him up as a burnt offering on one of the heights that I will point out to you... So Abraham took the wood for the burnt offering and laid it on his son Isaac, while he himself carried the fire and the knife... Isaac continued, “Here are the fire and the wood, but where is the sheep for the burnt offering?” “My son,” Abraham answered, “God will provide the sheep for the burnt offering.” Then the two walked on together... When they came to the place of which God had told him, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. Next he bound* his son Isaac, and put him on top of the wood on the altar. Then Abraham reached out and took the knife to slaughter his son. But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven, “Abraham, Abraham!” “Here I am,” he answered. “Do not lay your hand on the boy,” said the angel. “Do not do the least thing to him. For now I know that you fear God, since you did not withhold from me your son, your only one.”
- Gen 22:1-19 NAB
The main point of what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, a minister of the sanctuary* and of the true tabernacle that the Lord, not man, set up. Now every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices; thus the necessity for this one also to have something to offer. If then he were on earth, he would not be a priest, since there are those who offer gifts according to the law. They worship in a copy and shadow of the heavenly sanctuary, as Moses was warned when he was about to erect the tabernacle. For he says, “See that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” Now he has obtained so much more excellent a ministry as he is mediator of a better covenant, enacted on better promises.
- Hebrews 8:1-6 NAB
Day of Atonement
Yom Kippur
Priests served as mediators of YHWH's mercy
CHRIST FULFILLS OLD TESTAMENT PRIESTHOOD
The lay faithful are sharers in the priestly mission, for which Jesus offered himself on the cross and continues to be offered in the celebration of the Eucharist for the glory of God and the salvation of humanity. Incorporated in Jesus Christ, the baptized are united to him and to his sacrifice in the offering they make of themselves and their daily activities.
- Christifidelis Laici 14
Come to him, a living stone, rejected by human beings but chosen and precious in the sight of God, and, like living stones, let yourselves be built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
- 1 Peter 2:4-5
For all their works, prayers and apostolic endeavors, their ordinary married and family life, their daily occupations, their physical and mental relaxation, if carried out in the Spirit, and even the hardships of life, if patiently borne—all these become "spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ".
- Lumen Gentium 34
Review from Session 1
Laity is a postitve existence
Laity are those commissioned by Baptism to consecrate the secular world
Salt, Light, Leaven, and Soul of Society
Laity are called to witness in word and deed to the secular world
R-I-M: Thesis statement for the class
Only from inside the Church's mystery of communion is the "identity" of the lay faithful made known, and their fundamental dignity revealed. Only within the context of this dignity can their vocation and mission in the Church and in the world be defined. (CL 8)
All our understanding of the lay identity and mission must be seen in light of an active and intimate relationship with God
...all their works, prayers and apostolic endeavors, their ordinary married and family life, their daily occupations, their physical and mental relaxation, if carried out in the Spirit, and even the hardships of life...
SPIRITUAL SACRIFICES
"Power for us is not primarily an institutional manner... In the Church power comes from being a SAINT..."
- Bishop Robert Barron
Purpose of the ministerial priesthood and the common priesthood:
TO MAKE SAINTS!
Together with the offering of the Lord's body, they are most fittingly offered in the celebration of the Eucharist. Thus, as those everywhere who adore in holy activity, the laity consecrate the world itself to God.
- Lumen Gentium 34
Session 3
Laity as Prophets
Session 4
Laity as Kings
Full transcript