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Kalinga heirlooms

beads!
by

Raisa Pocais

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Kalinga heirlooms

Kalinga Beads BONGOR from: Spain- Philippines
typically used as currency:
ranging from large carabaos
to bowl of rice the demands depends on... aesthetics size and duarbility age and function state of repair and risk feasts are usually done when a new owner of the bead outside of kinship happens, to keep the new owner prosperous for a long time the value of beads however
fluctuated through time due
to schooling, business investments
house and medical costs... AGATES From: Vietnam, Cambodia and India
Thousand years old (gangao 200-800 y/o)
Most valued bead in Kalinga
Presents status- not aesthetics- as highest factor in popularity of beads
Size: 5 mm- 6cm
qualities: finest- ‘masilap’
average- ‘abali’
least fine- ‘kinawayan’
Worth (per bead)- finest- big carabao
least- large hen
2 medium/ 5 impit- carabao
Used as dowry in marriage and returned upon separation
Gangao adjongan BUROD Another type of agate bead

Also known as ‘jar’ beads since these beads are frequently carved as jars.
These are frequently worn as pendants with an equal significance to Sung, Ming and Ching porcelain jars

Value: Large Boar
CARNELIAN Also known among kankana-ey and Ifugao
From: South Asia
Fake carnelian- sabyoug Arubo piniyapiyas porpag Lumyang old women usually wear
value: Large sow -good health and growth for children.
- routinely tied onto the wrist of the newborn by the female shaman (mandadawak) in a ritual called sipat ni anak to drive away the malevolent spirits  (paniyao and kakkarading) 
Value: Large hen
given by grandparents to
first born
value: Large sow Value: Small pig BINUKKAWAN BUGIN IKAN Similar to Ming beads, most beads are of white and blue design, red portions instead of blue and white and black design
Value: small pig now of higher value with tiny little dots in various colors,
referred to as "fish eggs" (which is also the meaning of the name)
Value: 2-3 roosters CHEVRON BEADS Paraggi:
Now of recent manufacture belonging to the category of dúdug - "new beads of the same type“ however of lower value compared to the old beads.
Value: small pig

Dumat:
A chevron inspired bead with red
and white waves with the same value
of small pig
DINUGDUGWAY “ fruits of the forest”
Usually blue or green in color that is melon shaped
From the Itnegs who claim the beads to be dug from graves as food for the afterlife
Value: 2-3 roosters
KAMUNTATRA From: Venice
Also known as “eyes of the forest”
Value: large hen
MARATOG Used in a ritual
‘sipat ni sakit’
Placed in the
wrist of the sick
Value: small pig
ALLIN KAMPIG Brittle mosaic like stone
Value: small pig
UR-IS Striped stones with
striped surfaces
Value: Large hen
BULILIKI Black, green or light blue in color
Brittle stone that chips off easily
Value: Large hen
BITUG Prussian blue beads with large holes
Common beads
In kontad: tied in the neck to 4 day old infants
Believed to give strength, it is given by mothers to their month-old boys
TINY BEADS Used to decorate textiles and ornaments
Commonly seen in different necklaces
such as the oway, and fangarat
and bracelets the sipat
silliyan (white heart) Tinali
Full transcript