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The Battle of San Jacinto
Transcript of The Battle of San Jacinto
There were many weapons used in the war. The Mexicans used mainly Bayonets, Lances, Brown Bess guns, Calibur Carbines, revolvers, and 1 cannon.
The United States were very conflicted about what to do about the Texas property. The US wasn't sure whether or not to annex, or add, Texas to their property. They feared that accepting Texas would unbalance congress by making the population and territory heavily lean toward the South. Also, Texas wanted to keep their slaves, but in the US it was just starting to be realized how wrong slavery was. On the other hand, Mexico was publicly saying that any sign toward helping or gaining Texas would be an immediate act of war. But the US wouldn't mind going to war with Mexico. They loved taking a shot at the Mexico government, and they also thought that they could gain even more Texas property.
In Conclusion, the Battle
of San Jacinto, Texas Revolution, and
the Mexican-American War were all won through the strategy of their generals. Each battle or war was won through the general and the decisions he made. The Texans were less trained and had fewer people, but had more determination and turned out to have a better general in Sam Houston. These factors resulted in a successful independence from Mexico
and annexation into America.
The battle of San Jacinto was fought between the United States and Mexico over who got possession of Texas. The war was very hard on the Texas revolutionaries. After declaring independence from Mexico, they were chased around the now-Texas property by the Mexican soldiers. The battle meant something different for everyone who had a part. In North America, meant beating a part of the Mexican government. For Texas it meant becoming finally independent, but they would catch the eye of a lot of European countries as land for the taking. For Mexico this meant fully gaining possession of a 268, 820 square mile piece of land
April 21st 1836
Was won by the strategy by commander Sam Houston.
The battle was key to the Texas Revolution War because Mexico was just starting to pick up momentum after the taking back possession of the Alamo. But before Mexico really picked up steam, Texas countered with the quick 18 minute surrender of San Jacinto. This inspired the Texans and was the turning point in the war.
He used the element of surprise and snuck up during the Mexican's siesta. At around 4:30 p.m. the Mexicans woke up to the smell of gunpowder and cries of revenge. This quickly became known as the 18 minutes that changed the world. In just 18 minutes, over 600 Mexicans were killed, and about 700 more surrendered.
As a result of these 18 minutes, the whole war then spiraled out of control for Mexico. By the end, they not only lost Texas, but also New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, Utah, and parts of other states. In total they lost nearly a million square miles in land. That is almost a third of the USA territory today.
The Texans used Bowie Knives, Tomahawks, Muskets, Rifles, Pistols, Bayonets, and 2 cannons. The cannon for the Texan army were able to shoot horseshoes and broken glass as well as cannon balls.
"It was the great Napoleon, I believe who said "quarter hours decide the destiny of nations" and so it was at San Jacinto"-unknown soldier
The various items were just being
The fact that the war was in 1836
means that the commanders had to
win by using a great strategy because the
weapons were still very primitive.
The strategy of the Mexicans seemed to be to spread out the troops, and win each small battle. No one is sure because it was such a quick win for the Texans, but that is the strategy it looks like they were trying to use.
The Battle of San Jacinto was part of the Texas Revolution. The intensity and passion by the Texans surprisingly didn't affect the strategy much. Though the Texans must have been extremely anxious, but they waited very patiently and used a very well planned surprise attack.
The battle was fought right near where the San Jacinto river flows into Buffalo Bayou, or present day Houston. The terrain was very flat and dry, so there was no clear cut advantage to one side or specific strategy that one side could use.
The terrain near San Jacinto
This plan failed because the Texans kept their troops more centered, and outnumbered the Mexicans. While the Mexicans tried to draw the Texans outside so they could win the middle, the Texans outsmarted them with their surprise attack
The San Jacinto Monument
The Monument stands 567.31 feet tall. That is
12.31 feet taller than the Washington Monument.
The monument was built by architect Alfred C. Finn.
The final cost was $1.5 million. The cost was split
between Texas and US Congress. It took 3 years to build,
from 1936 to 1939. Workers were paid $2.00 to
$2.50 per day. There are 8 carved panels dedicated to
the war. The base is inscribed with a description and
story of the War of Texas Independence.
The Mexico-American War, Don Nardo,37-38
Mexico still said that despite the small rebellion, Texas was in their possession. They said that any act toward possession or helping of Texas was an act of war, though that was anything but the truth.
Mexico wanted no part in a war against the United States. So immediately after these comments were made, the US made a move to annex Texas. This put Mexico in a hole and forced them into battle. Mexico put on a brave face as war picked up in places like Monterrey. Very soon into the Mexican-American war, Mexico surrendered. This left the US with not only possession of Texas, but nearly 1 million square miles in land.
The Mexican-American War, Don Nardo, 41 62-64
America at War; The Mexican War, Bronwyn Mills, 40
The strategy by Sam
Houston and the Texan army succeeded because of the great planning.
The army was not only in an unexpected place, but at an unexpected time. Striking during the Mexican's siesta left a full Texan army versus the sleeping Mexicans. Even though the Mexicans had better weapons and soldiers, preparation was the deciding factor in the Texas Revolution.
The Texas army was a patchwork
group of people who won on almost pure
heart and determination. Their will for
freedom helped them succeed in gaining their independence from Mexico and all the way toward becoming one of the United States. The youngest soldier was named Elijah Votaw who was 15, and the oldest was Asa Mitchell who was 60. There were several free blacks that were in almost all of the battles in the Texas Revolution through the Mexican-American War.
The battle of San Jacinto resulted in relatively few casualties on the Texan part. But on the Mexican side their was exactly the opposite. In a matter of 18 minutes, 630 Mexicans were killed, 730 were captured, and 200 were wounded. These 18 minutes changed the tide of the Revolution, and ended up leading to the win and independence from Mexico.
General Sam Houston had already served in the US house of Representatives and as the Governor of Tennessee before moving to Texas. He was very open of his opinions about how Texas was being treated by Mexico, and quickly emerged as a leader. He was thrown into the role of commander and chief of the Texas army, and soon after was thrown into the baattle at the Alamo. The great win for Texas only made Sam Houston and the Texans more determined to win, and also gave a reality check for the Texans. Sam Houston realized that it would be difficult to win in a flat battle with Mexico, so had to use a very affective strategy, like a surprise attack. The battle started with the Texans screaming "Remember the Alamo", and ended with the Mexicans screaming, "No Mas".
General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Santa Anna rose to power when he lead a rebellion of Mexico in the 1820's. By 1833 he was elected the first president of the newly democratic nation of Mexico. Soon into his reign, he declared that Mexico was not ready for a democracy, and pronounced himself as dictator of Mexico. Santa Anna was a key participant in the Alamo, Battle of San Jacinto, and the Mexican-American War. Though he tried to keep his ruthless image, he underestimated the Texans, and how hard they would fight. He then made another destructive decision for Mexico when he proclaimed that any move to annex or help Texas would be an act of war. This then forced Mexico into a war with America, which both sides knew Mexico had no shot of winning.
In the Mexico-French war, General Santa Anna had his leg blown off by cannon shot. He lived, but had to use an artificial leg for the rest of his life. The Meican-American war started to slow down, because the Americans were winning, but the Americans were greedy. They wanted even more land. To Spark war back up, a group of Americans snuck up where Santa Anna was eating luch. The soldiers creeped forward and took the prostetic leg right off his body. They ran off and left Santa Anna there, with one leg. The leg is now on display in the Illinois State Military Museum.