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River Thames

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by

Blake Lowrie

on 29 July 2013

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Transcript of River Thames

PROS & CONS
Benefits
Water
Fishing
Power mills
Highway
The River Thames
In Summary
Questions??
Modern London and the Thames
Victorian London
and the Thames
The Future of the Thames
Pre-Victorian London
and the River Thames
The Logistics of the River Thames
By. Blake Lowrie, Austin Due, Ian Fetters, Sara Vectrovec, and Brenn Coyle
19th Century Population of London

1800 – 1.1 Million

1850 – 2.7 Million

Pollution

1832 – London Bridge demolished

1840's – Raw sewage flows into the Thames
from new sewers

1830~1850's – Cholera Outbreaks

1858 – "The Great Stink"



Metropolitan Board of Works

Construction: 1864-1874
2.8 million pounds
Three embankments

Chief Engineer –Joseph Bazalgette

Gets ideas from:
Christopher Wren- 17th CE
John Martin and Thomas Quay- 19th CE
Drainage, Transport, Supply

Objections?
The Victorian Mindset:

Mechanization

Utility

Rational Control


Sources:
Cook, GC. “Construction of London’s Sewers: The Vital
Role of Joseph Bazalgette.” Postgraduate Medical Journal, 77.914 (2001): 802-804.

Oliver, Stuart. “The Thames Embankment and the
Disciplining of Nature in Modernity.”
Geographical Journal, 166.3 (2008): 227-238.

THATS UHHH....PRETTY POSTMODERN
hey butters
The Thames and Flooding
History of floods due to storm surges and rising sea levels
Estuary is funnel shaped
London Bridge located right at the estuary head
Channel depth 7-10m (23-33 feet)
Macro-tidal body of water
Two primary reasons for flooding:

1- storm surges from the North sea

2- sea level changes
1953 flood
unusually large storm surge
300 dead
massive property damage
The Thames Barrier Project
Finished in 1983
10 steel gates design to stem flow of water through the estuary head
Strategically located to protect Central London from flooding
36 hour notice for potential threats
The Thames Barrier will be obsolete in 2070.

If the barrier failed, over 350,000 homes, properties, and London landmarks could be submerged in an especially devestating flood.
Implications for Londoners
Constant watch for storm surges and monitoring sea levels
Potential flood damage
The Romans conquered Britain in 43 AD
Created the settlement of Londinium on the River Thames in 50 AD
First permanent bridge was built around 50 AD
construction of adequate port facilities
public bath-houses built in the late 1st century
Alfred and his successors established a defensive networks of forts and walled towns
Saxons rebuild London bridge in the late 12th and early 13th century
First custom house built in the late 14th century
16th and 17th century London established as largest port
Consequences
Floods
Unwanted visitors and imports

-346km long (215 mi)
-265 m wide (870 ft)
-5,000 liters flow a day (1,250 Mil gal/day)
-60 Shipping Ports
-Over 200 Bridges
-Industries use for trade
cooling in electricity generating stations
-The only river in Europe with a trail to follow the entire river
-Used for fishing, farming, agriculture, and drinking water
-90% of drinking water from Thames and Lee River
Milestones
2. In the Victorian Era, there was a paradigm shift in how the Thames was viewed. From then on, the river would be used not just as a natural resource, but as a controlled mechanical system thats use would shape the face of London.
5. The rivers shere size and strategic location allowed London to grow and prosper into the city it is today. London seems to revolve not only it's tourist attractions but also it's politically and economically important buildings making the Thames a vital part to London and Englands prosperity.
1. The numerous resources and benefits that could be reaped from the river made it the perfect location for colonizing.
3. The Thames is the lifeline of London. It provides instant access and visibility to many of the famous monuments and locations in England. It's width provides easy access for large cargo and tourist ships making London an even more powerful and attractive city for investment and tourism. The river also provides a majority of the drinking water and electricity, not only making it a luxury for tourism, but also a necessity for life in London.
4. The Thames River has a history of flooding due to storm surges and rising sea levels. The Thames Barrier is the system that keeps Central London safe from the potentially desvestating effects of estuary flooding, but it is not a permanent solution. Because of this, Londoners are always on alert to the threat of flooding and the government is actively pursuing new flood prevention measures into the far future.
- Source is the Thameshead near the village of Kemble
- Was named after the Celtic word Temasis meaning Dark
- Flows into the North Sea
Tourism and Attractions Along the Thames

Visible access to key locations in London
Big Ben
Parliament
London Bridge
Fisheries
120 Species of fish in the Thames

http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/homeandleisure/floods/38353.aspx
Tides and Storm Surges in the Thames River Estuary
V. N. Mikhailova and M. V. Mikhailovab
Navigation

Tidal River
20 ft. difference between tidal changes
800 Feet wide at London Bridge
Allows easier navigation by large ships

Industries
Power Industries
Water for cooling and steam
Water for consumption
90% of London's drinking water
Factories require water for production
Breweries
Steel Mills

Tourism and Attractions
Navigating the Thames
Creating Power Through Water
B. Knights, et al. “Fish And Fisheries Of The Tidal Thames: Management Of The Modern Resource, Research Aims And Future Pressures.” Journal Of Fish Biology 6.1 (2002): 64. Academic Search Premier. Web. 21 July 2013.
HAMMER, JOSHUA. “Let The Good Thames Roll.” Smithsonian 43.4 (2012): 66-90. Academic Search Premier. Web. 21 July 2013.
“London, City, England.” Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition (2013): 1-2. Academic Search Premier. Web. 21 July 2013.

Logistics of the River Sources
1. http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/riverthames/facts.htm
2.http://ww.visitthames.co.uk/about-the-river
3.http://thamesriverstrust.org.uk/facts-and-figures/
4.http://www.projectbritain.com/london/thames.htm
5.http://www.londontopic.co.uk/riverthames/industry.htm
6.http://www.lbc.co.uk/why-is-the-river-thames-so-called-7258
REAL SEA MONSTER
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