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The Palace of Versailles

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Marie-Pier Gauthier

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of The Palace of Versailles

The Palace of Versailles
The French Revolution and Marie-Antoinette
Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marie_Antoinette#July_1789.E2.80.931792:_The_French_Revolution
The Construction of the Castle
In 1629, Louis XIII decided to settle down in Versailles and build a hunting lodge. When the next king, Louis XVI, inherited of the Palace in 1643, he decided to enlarge it into the great Palace we know today. The building went on for more than 50 years. Later, Louis XIV built more residences to accommodate the Government and the workers. Nearly 10,000 people have lived in the castle under Louis XIV's reign.
A View of the Palace
Watch this video for a virtual visit of the castle :
World War I and the Hall of Mirrors
The Hall of Mirrors, as its name suggests, is a huge corridor that has 17 arched windows on one side and mirrored arches on the other. In the 17th century, mirrors were very expensive because of a monopoly in Venice. A French production ordered by Louis XIV competed with the Venetians and created these 357 mirrors. The Treaty of Versailles, that ended World War I, has been signed in this room in 1919.
Outside the Palace : The Gardens
It took forty years and four artists/architects to think up the Versailles's gardens. It has eleven principal fountains and a huge man-made canal that has been designed by André Le Nôtre. There is also a 7-acre orangerie, in which you can find bicentenary citrus trees from Italy, Spain and Portugal.
Marie-Antoinette married Louis XVI in 1770 and became Queen of France 4 years later, when Louis XV passed away. The French people slowly began to look coldly upon her because she was extravagant. At that time, the population was deprived and people started to turn against monarchy. This rebellion, called the French Revolution, lasted 10 years. During this period, many people from the royal family were in danger. They had to push off in Paris to protect themselves. In 1793, Marie-Antoinette and her husband have been sent in prison. Louis XVI and her sister, Elisabeth, have been sentenced to death and executed. Marie-Antoinette was kept in captivity and she let herself waste away. She died at the age of 37.
Source : http://en.chateauversailles.fr/discover-estate/the-palace/the-palace/the-hall-of-mirrors
Source : http://en.chateauversailles.fr/discover-estate/the-palace/the-palace/the-hall-of-mirrors
Watch the aerial view of the gardens :
Full transcript