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Deforestation in congo
Transcript of Deforestation in congo
What is deforestation
Deforestation is a global issue that occurs in forests. Deforestation is the act of clearing forests to be used for non-forest use. The trees are usually never replanted.
Where is it happening
Deforestation is happening in many
places around the world. I will specifically
talk about deforestation in Congo
Photo of deforestation
Now that you know what and where the problem is happening, lets get started.
Why is it happening?
Trees are cut down for many reasons including:
- To be used, sold or exported as timber, wood or fuel (charcoal). This is called logging.
- To make room for human settlement and urbanization (these include making space for shelter, buildings, and roads)
- Since the population is growing, more space is needed, therefore forests are being destroyed to make space for agriculture and farming activities such as: grazing fields for livestock, or large scale farming activities
- Also, since the population is growing more people need wood to make furniture, houses, and many more everyday things.
- also, when it is sold and exported as timber, it is good for the economy of Congo
- the deforestation industry is doing this for money
Congo deforestation effects people positively and negatively
some congolian people can make a living from it
when the land is cleared, the people have a place to build a home or a village
people depend on the rainforest for daily needs like food and shelter
they get coconuts and small animals from the forest, but since people are cutting it down, it is harder for them to find food
they use the forest for shade, but since it is being cut down, some people are complaining that there is too much sun
logging companies are getting in the way of the congolese's lifestyle
deforestation in Congo affects people's health in many ways
it affects their health negatively because since there are less trees to absorb the co2, there is more pollution in the atmosphere
pollution causes many diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, heart disease, stroke and more
pollution also destroys the ozone layer which causes skin cancer, sun burns, irritations, and more skin related diseases since the ozone layer protects earth from harmful radiation from the sun
Is it legal?
Most logging that occurs in Congo is legal, but there are a a few small scale logging operations. Illegal logging operations are small scale operations, loggers use artisanal logging permits to cut down trees and sell them to buyers for money. Artisanal Logging Permits are designed to allow Congolese communities to carry out small-scale logging in their forests for their own use.
Effects on People
Why Should We Care
We should care because this issue has many negative effects and very few positive ones. We need trees to live because they convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, that means there are no trees, then we cant live. Since there are less trees, there is more CO2, which causes global warming. climate change. and many other environmental and social impacts that I will talk about. And as one species is dependant on the other, extinction of one species causes a chain reaction which will reach humans one day.
when wood is sold or exported as timber, wood or fuel (charcoal), they get money, which is good for the economy
they can clear up land for industrial purposes such as mining, which is also good for the economy
Forests occupy land which could otherwise be used for new housing developments
when forests are destroyed, the land can be used for agricultural and farming purposes which helps the economy
land can be used for residential houses, factories, and office buildings
governments are able to build roads to make trade and transport easier and therefore more convenient to residents
they are trying to reduce the deforestation with the United Nations' reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD)
World Wide fund for nature (WWF) is trying to help by offering financial incentives to help forests remain intact
greenpeace is trying to help, they are trying to achieve zero deforestation in the world's intact tropical forests by 2020, the adoption of the Forests for Climate project, where it makes more money to save them than destroy them
greenpeace is trying to get local communities involved in protecting their forests with protection from the government
How other countries are trying to help:
Photo of Congo
Picture of Congo Rainforest
the congo rainforest is 3.9 km square it is the world's second largest rainforest
climate change happens, since trees convert carbon dioxide into oxygen, and if there are less trees, there is more CO2, which traps heat in the atmosphere and causes climate change
carbon dioxide destroys the ozone layer which causes harmful radiation to reach the earth's surface, which can damage the environment
deforestation is destroying animal habitats which they need to survive which is causing the animals to die
since the forest is shrinking, this will cause the world to warm 0.7 degrees celsius, and it will warm another 1.4 degrees because of greenhouse gases, which will cause the world to warm 2.1 degrees by 2050.
Congo is estimated to lose 30 percent of the forest by 2030, and 50 percent by 2050.
the Congo rainforest is 3.9 km square it is the world's second largest rainforest
deforestation rates have doubled in 2000 since they went from 90000 hectares to 170000 hectares in 1990 to 2000, in 2005- 2010 it went from 20100 hectares to 328000 hectares
How can we help
Green business - focuses on recycled paper and wood products, wood alternatives
Land use planning - environmentally friendly development techniques, such as reduction of urban and suburban development
Community forestry - where concerned citizens come together to manage and participate in keeping their local forests sustainable
Eco-forestry - where only carefully selected trees are cut down and are transported while commercial timber extraction is still permitted with minimal damage to the area so that the forest ecosystem is preserved
There are many ways we can help, such as donating money to businesses such as WWF and REDD, or greenpeace. We can help by donating money to these businesses to save trees and the environment. We can also recycle paper, since 300 000 hectares of forest are cut down for paper, and by recycling paper, we can reduce the amount of deforestation. Eco-forestry where only carefully selected trees are cut down and are transported while commercial timber extraction is still permitted with minimal damage to the area; the forest ecosystem is preserved
What is being done to help