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The Conflict Takes Shape
Transcript of The Conflict Takes Shape
had to fight to save the Union.
northerners wanted to
approved of slavery
Southerners believed they
had the right to leave the Union
. (War for Southern Independence)
Southerners wanted to
keep their traditional way of life
that were still in the Union in 1861 had to
decide what to do.
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas
Four slave states remained with the
Union. Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland, and Delaware.
Some people who lived in the border states supported the South.
Defending their homeland and way of life gave strong reason to fight.
Confederate soldiers knew the southern countryside.
Southern civilians helped the Confederate forces.
few factories to produce weapons and supplies
few railroads to move troops and supplies.
Constitution favored states’ rights and limited the central government (difficult to get things done)
small population not enough people to support the war effort
The South had few ships.
Large population for food production and military service
Had most of the nation’s factories
The North had a strong navy and a large fleet of merchant ships
Northern soldiers had to conquer a huge area (they were invading unfamiliar land)
Supply lines had to stretch out much farther
attended the United States Military Academy at West Point
was an officer in the Mexican War
was Secretary of War under President Franklin Pierce
was respected for his honesty and courage
did not have much experience in national politics
did not have military experience
turned out to be a strong leader and fine war planner
had a sense of humor
could accept criticism
Robert E. Lee
Lincoln had asked him to command the Union army
Was loyal to his state of Virginia
Union Victory Plans
Use the navy to
blockade southern ports
In the East,
seize the Confederate capital
In the West,
seize control of the Mississippi River
. (This would keep the Confederates from using the river to supply troops, and it would also separate Arkansas, Texas, and Louisiana from the rest of the Confederacy)
Confederate Victory Plans
Fight a defensive war
until northerners tired of fighting and gave up.
Use European money and supplies
to help fight the war. Southerners expected Europeans to recognize the Confederacy as an independent nation.