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Literary Terms

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Mel G.

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Literary Terms

Antithesis is used when two opposites are introduced in the same sentence, for contrasting effect.
EXTREMELY MINDBLOWING Similar Contrasting Terms
More examples:
•I'm nobody.
•"I can resist anything but temptation."
•Nobody goes to that restaurant because it is too crowded.
•If you didn't get this message, call me.
•The person who wrote something so stupid can't write at all
•The beginning of the end
•Deep down, you're really shallow..
source: http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-paradox.html
Used to state or present with restraint especially for rhetoric effect.
Can be considered as the opposite of a hyperbole.
a figure of speech in which two contradictory terms or concepts are combined (a description of a phrase that is contradictory)
By Ania, Mary, Melissa, & Vanessa
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect.
educated guess
A paradox is a statement that contradicts itself. For example, if someone tells you "I'm a compulsive liar" Do you believe them or not?
definitely maybe
In Popular Saying
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times." Mark Twain
Martin Luther King Jr. Money is the root of all evils:poverty is the fruit of all goodness.
The strong master gives his judgment and goes home; the weak servant collects his key and goes to jail.
Too black for heaven, and yet too white for hell. - by John Dryden l Speech is silver, but Silence is Gold.
I’ve told you a million times
I have a million things to do.
I have a ton of homework.
In Popular Saying
In Popular Saying
It's just a scratch
When are understatements used?
An Understatement is used when a speaker wants to a make a situation seem less strong or important than it is.
In spoken English we use understatements when we want to be tactful or modest.
When are Hyperboles used?
A story can come to life or become comical with the use of a hyperbole.
"I'M THE MOST terrific liar your ever saw in your life" (The Catcher in The Rye 16).
A hyperbole can be used to stress the importance of a subject.
"By the rude bridge that arched the flood,
Their flag to April’s breeze unfurled,
Here once the embattled farmers stood,
And fired the shot heard round the world" (Concord Hymn).
Its a bit chilly today.
It can also be used to achieve humor.
"She's a little sensitive."
- Describing Moaning Myrtle in 'Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
"I have to have this operation. It isn't very serious. I have this tiny little tumor on the brain." (The Catcher In The Rye)
When are oxymorons used?
unbiased opinion
act naturally
clearly confused
run slowly
-To express an idea or qualities of an object/situation
why do authors use Antithesis?
many authors use antithesis in their readings because it allows for them to emphasize the contrast between two ideas.
the structure of the phrases are usually similar in order to draw the attention of the listener or reader.

Ex: "It is easier for a father to have children than for children to have a real father."(Pope)
"O heavy lightness! Serious vanity!
Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming forms!
Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health!"
(Romeo and Juliet)
Similarities and Differences
-To be humorous
Paradox vs Oxymoron- paradoxes are statements that describe a contradictory action while oxymora are a combination of TWO contradictory terms which describe the whole phrase
Paradox= extended oxymoron
This group of lit terms are similar to each other because they all present another idea to express an initial concept.
Paradox vs Antithesis- paradoxes are statements that are valid yet seem invalid at the same time while antithesis are the opposites of each other in order to send a message to the reader.
Hyperbole vs Understatement- hyperboles are exaggerations while understatements make something sound less important
ex: "government organization"
"honest liar"
"accurate forecast"
when paradox is used
Paradox is used to allow the readers to dig deeper into the meaning of a certain character's life. To allow the reader to make their own connections and conclusions.
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