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Six Principles of the Constitution

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Riley Grieseme

on 16 June 2013

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Transcript of Six Principles of the Constitution

Riley Griesemer
Popular Sovereignty
Checks and Balances
The society is ruled by the law, and everyone (not just the citizens) has to follow the rules.
Limited Government
Separation of Powers
Judicial Review
The Six Principles of the Constitution
Popular sovereignty is the government being ruled by the people.
Popular Sovereignty
Limited Government
Separation of Powers
Judicial Review
Checks and Balances
In today's society, US citizens can vote who they want to be governor, senator, and president.
We are able to be involved in our government more because we are represented through the representatives that we choose.
Popular sovereignty was the political doctrine that people that live in an area should be able to be involved with their government.
The picture is saying that by limiting the government, the people have more power, and the government cannot be so controlling.
Limited government is seen today because we are able to choose who we want to represent us in our government.
Democracies and monarchies are different because in democracies, the people vote for the people they want in the government. In monarchies, it is one family that rules, and they are usually are not replaced.
Judicial review is a type of court in which the judge is reviewing actions made by someone and declaring them lawful or unlawful.

Legislative Branch:
~passing laws of state
~accounting for the
money that the government
needs to run
Executive Branch:
~manage and put the
public policy into place
~the public policy is
funded by the legislative
~Public Policy- "the
fundamental policy on which
laws rest, enunciated in
specific rules"
Judicial Branch:
~interpreting the
constitution and
~apply their
interpretations to
to cases that they see
This poster shows the two parts of the legislative branch. The Senate and House are the two governing bodies of the legislative branch.
This picture is showing the offices in the executive branch. It is a local job chart.
The chart shows the difference between state and federal courts. Although they both interpret the law, the federal courts are higher in status than the state courts.
The Marbury vs. Madison case was the first U.S. Supreme Court case to apply the theory of "judicial review."
The powers of each branch of government are separated so that one branch does not get too much power.
We use this today because we still have each branch having its own powers.
The legislative branch makes laws, the executive branch carries out the laws, and the judicial branch interprets the laws.
"The ability of the Supreme Court to limit Congressional power by declaring legislation unconstitutional"
Judicial review is used today because the Supreme Court is able to limit Congress's power because they can say that a law is unconstitutional.
The Marbury vs. Madison case was about Thomas Jefferson being wrong in not allowing William Marbury to be a justice of the peace. John Adams, who was the residing president, had appointed Marbury. (Madison spoke for Jefferson)
Checks and balances are the way that the government checks itself so that one branch does not have more power than the other branches.
Legislative Branch:
~make bills
~pass laws
Executive Branch

~veto bills
~appoint judges
Judicial Branch

~declare laws
~declare president's
Checks and balances are a necessity today, because they make sure that one branch would not have too much power.
I think that the executive branch would be the easiest to gain the most power because the president 'works' in that branch, and if he assumed all the power, then he would act as a dictator.
The picture is showing the government's 'status.' The federal law or court is at the top, then the state, county, and local governments. All of this rests on the constitution and the laws of nature/morals.
E Pluribus Unum means out of many states, one union. This relates to federalism because the state and federal governments are separated, but they can still work together and be one.
The constitution separates power between the central and local governments. (people still allowed to rule)
The first 13 states wanted all of the power that they could get. Finally, they decided to write a constitution that gave everyone equal rights. It allowed them to share the power between the states, and the national government.
This is the start of federalism because the states agreed to share the power with everyone, including the national government.
Federalism is apparent in today's society because both the states and the federal government have their own powers.
Power is shared equally,and there are not many disputes for power.
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