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Civil Rights Movement

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Nicholas Sloan

on 1 June 2015

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Transcript of Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement, it wasn't just a couple of, you know, superstars like Martin Luther King. It was thousands and thousands - millions, I should say - of people taking risks, becoming leaders in their community.
Where did the conflict mainly take place?
What was the solution?
In the United States. Especially the South.
some of the solutions to stop the division by color:
boycotts & sit-ins (both were successful)
African americans not taking the bus no more
Marches against being
By: Faye, Taylor, Geri, and Nicholas
1954-1968
Timeline of the Civil Rights
Civil Rights Movement
Who was involved?
The Voting Rights Act, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on August 6, 1965, aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment (1870) to the Constitution of the United States. The act significantly widened the franchise and is considered among the most far-reaching pieces of civil rights legislation in U.S. history.
Voting right of 1965
Achievements
The most important achievements of civil rights movements have been the post-Civil War constitutional amendments that abolished slavery and established the citizenship status of blacks and the judicial decisions and legislation based on these amendments, notably the Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision of 1954, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
References
Background
Because large segments of the populace–particularly African-Americans, women, and men without property–have not always been accorded full citizenship rights in the American Republic, civil rights movements, or “freedom struggles,” have been a frequent feature of the nation’s history.
Martin Luther King, Jr., Rosa Parks, Malcom X, Andrew Goodman & others. Four leaders of the Civil Right Movement : Washington D.C, Virginia, California, Tennessee, Buffalo, New York, and Alabama


How and why did the conflict arise?
(boycotts)
(sit-ins)
www.wcl.american.edu/hyrief/09/2winter.pdf
http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/civil- rights-movement
After the Civil war, many southern states continued to treat African-Americans as second class citizens. They implemented laws that kept them seperated from the white population in public places. These laws were called Jim Crow Laws, many Amendments were being passed and signed.
April 10,1998 after thirty years, political parties from each side of the conflict signed a peace agreement known as the Good Friday Agreement, pledging to dedicate themselves a new to "The Achievement of Reconciliation, Tolerance, Mutual Trust, to the protection and indication of the human rights of all"

Despite, numerous mechanisms for protecting human rights outlined in the Agreement. According to the 1999 Human Rights Watch World Report on the UK, the initial implementation of the Agreement "proved disappointing",as the British government.

In the years since the government, proved unsatisfactory in over coming years of bitter conflict and Human Rights violations.
The agreement contained a number of human rights pledges, including, but not limited to the Bill of Rights for Northern Ireland, Human Rights Commission.
1865 - The Thirteenth Amendment is passed abolishing slavery in the United States.
1868 - The Fourteenth Amendment is passed guaranteeing all African-Americans the rights of full U.S. citizens.
1870 - The Fifteenth Amendment is passed guaranteeing the right to vote for all citizens regardless of race.
1896 - The Supreme Court rules that segregation is legal in the Plessy v. Ferguson case using
the "separate but equal" argument.
1890s - Jim Crow laws become common in many southern states segregating blacks from whites.
1955 - Rosa Parks is arrested for not giving up her seat on the bus. This sparks the Montgomery
Bus Boycott which lasts for over a year. Eventually, segregation on the buses in Montgomery comes to an end.
1961 - The Freedom Riders protest by riding buses into the segregated southern states challenging
their Jim Crow laws.
1963 - The March on Washington by over 200,000 protesters occurs. Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his "I Have a Dream" speech.
1964 - The Civil Rights Act is signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson. It outlaws discrimination
based on race, national origin, and gender. It also outlaws segregation and the Jim Crow laws.
1965 - The Voting Rights Act is signed into law making it illegal to prevent any citizen from voting regardless of race.
1965 - Race riots erupt in Watts, California.
1965 - President Lyndon Johnson issues an order requiring "Affirmative Action" in hiring minorities for federal government work.
1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.
2000 - Colin Powell is appointed as the first African-American Secretary of State.
2008 - Barack Obama is the first African-American elected President of the United States.
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1917beyond/essays/crm.htm
Conflict Arising

Conflict Arising
This conflict resulted in the deaths of approximately
three and a half thousand people, and injuries to at
least forty thousand others.
1960-1990, this conflict originated as a territorial dispute, articulated along religious lines, over whether the land currently known as Northern Ireland should remain within the "United Kingdom" or become part of the "United Ireland".
African Americans who want full citizenship right
"They risked- & sometimes lost their lives in the name of freedom & equality."
Full transcript